Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/81

Click to flip

81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Four Elements of Religion
Belief, Bind, Sacred, Ultimate Value
Belief
placing one's trust in something understood to be true
Bind
binds individuals to a set of values or practices that regulate behavior
Sacred
set apart from the ordinary or mundane
Ultimate Value
what is our ultimate goal?
Substantive
What Religion is
What is it that you believe
beliefs/ideals
Functional
What religion does
how religion operates in human life
Who looks at religion with a Functional Lens?
Malinowski
Pulpit
bible study, hebrew school
matters of blind belief
Podium
Academic Study of Religion
Scientific engagement of Religion
Functional Disciplines
Theology
Literary Criticism
Historiography
Anthropology
Sociology
Philosophy
Phenomenology
Theology
concrned with orthodoxy, creeds, and doctrines
Literary Criticism
concerned with sacred texts
Literary Criticism/ Exegesis
Extracting out what the other was trying to say
Literary Criticsm/ Hermeniutic
Interpretation
Historiography
5 W's of larger context
Anthropology
Examines humans as representatives of culture
Sociology
examines social behavior in modern societies
Philosophy
epistomology = way of knowing
phenomenology
explaining religious experience while retaining judgement
Definition of Sacred
a reality that is wholly different from natural realities
Definition of Profane
that which is homogenous and neutral. the everyday and ordinary
Who Eliades talked about
Archaic Societies
Mysterium Tremendum
awe-inspiring mystery
mysterium fascinans
fascinating mystery/ frightening
Hierophany
something sacred shows itself
Theophany
God in another form/ in the flesh
Axis Mundi
Center of the World
Navel of the Earth
Representational Symbols
Tie together things that are distinct in a customary way within a cultural context
Presentational Symbols
Similar to the things they symbolize
First Order Religious Discourse
Analogy, Parable, Myth
Analogy
a genuine relationship between the symbol and that which it points
Parable
an extended metaphor in the form of a narrative
Myth
a complex of stories that bind communities together.
Imago Mundi
Image of the World
How do myths function?
they justify societal structure and establish the cosmos
Second Form Religious Discourse
doctrines, dogmas, and creeds
Definition of Ritual
an agreed-on and formalized pattern of ceremonial movements and verbal expressions carried out in a sacred context
Two kinds of rituals
Life cycle Ritual and Seasonal ritual
3 Stages of life cycle ritual
Separation - liminal
Transition
Reincorporation
propitiation
make efforts to appease spirits
What does Otto focus on?
Focuses on the affective, or the emotional and feeling
What does Freud and Marx focus on?
why or how religion came into being. reduces religion to a psychological or socioeconomic factor.
genetic fallacy
the confusion of the value of of religion with an explanation of its origin
cosmology
characterization of the cosmos
What are Thomas O'Dea's three fundamental features of human existence?
uncertainty, powerlessness, and scarcity
self-transcendence
self-consciousness
ethnocentric
assumption that one's own race is superior to others
evangelical
christians who place importance on the personal conversion rather than baptism
primal
preliterate human societies
proselytize
to try and convert someone to another religion
Emile Durkheim
turned the interest of anthropologist to the social functions of religion
Max Weber
demonstrated that forms of social life deeply reflect the decisive influence of religious belief
What is Freud's theory of religious belief and experience?
"as born of man's need to make his helplessness tolerable"
extrinsic
find religion useful: provides solace, sociability, and social status
intrinsic
"master motive"/ live out their religion
fideism
reliance on faith alone w/o scientific analysis
agnosticism
no proof that God exists or does not exist
Descriptive Reduction
a failure to identify and emotion, practice, or experience
Explanatory Reduction
an explanation of an experience in terms that are not those of the subject and might not meet with his approval
animism
all things possess a spirit
totemism
Indian practice of associating human classes with animals
numinous
characterized by a sense of the supernatural
expiation
a sacrifice in order to remove pollution or sin
ontological
the branch of philosophy that investigates the nature of being
cosmogony
deals with sacred history
mandala
buddhist circle inscribed within a square representing perfection
mudras
buddhist religious gestures
mantras
religious sounds, like chanting
eschatological
understanding of life in terms of the goal or destiny
metaphor
a form of symbolic communication
anomie
chaos
doctrines
a rule or principle/ dogma
communitas
spontaneous bond of communion between members of a society
tonsure
the cutting of hair to denote admission to a religious order. a monk
atonement
to make amends
eucharist
the last sacrament of Jesus Christ: bread and wine
cosmogony
an account of the emergence or creation of world order
etiological
the description of the cause of a thing
Types of Cosmogony
1. Emergence from a Primal substance
2. The sexual Union of a Primal Male and Female
3. Creation by Conflict and the Ordering of Chaos
4. Creation by a Divine Craftsman
5. Creation by decree
anthropic principle
the recognition of the extraordinary fine-tuning of the universe