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70 Cards in this Set

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the influence of christianity on hinduism
christianity was brought to india by the disciple Thomas in the first century ce. since has influenced hinduism in many ways
the life and influence of gandhi
lawywer influenced by buddhism, jainism and hinduism. non-violence, ahisma, social reform, one god and teachings from christian gospels
who was influened by gandhi?
martin luther king, thoreau, and civil rights movements by his teachings
holi
most popular hindu festival, dedicated to krishna. once a fertility ceremony, it celebrates spring and destruction of demons. caste andd taboo restrictions are lifted so that pleasure is emphasized
divali
hindu- festival of lights welcomes the new year. there are pilgrimages to sites connected to the goddess kali(shiva's consort, and the goddess lakshima brings prospreity and good fortune to any houde lit with a lamp
dashehra
this nine day october festival celebrates durga's9a consort of shiva) victory over the buffalo demon. parades, dancing, and gift giving mark this celebration
problems of hinduism today
must deal with issues of birth control and urban problrms. tesion between hindus and muslims. beginning of hindu fundamentalism and theocracy in 1990, problems with sikhs; wasrs over religion
the spread of buddhism from india to east asia
began in india in the 6th century bce as another branch of hinduism. missionaries were sentto asain countries; strongly embraced in china, japan,korea and south east asia
siddhartha guatama and his early life
was born in gautama clan in 6th century bce into kshatriya(warrior) class. prophet predicted his life events
siddhatha gautama's acheivement of enlightenment
realizing that all of life is passing, we cannot attach to anything, adopts the middle way, against asceticism
define the "sangha"
the budda's monostatic orders. anyone can be enlightend, not just males and priests. against animal sacrifices and rejected the vedas
the buddha's teaching about the gods
only mortal beings subjected to the laws of karma and rebirth. no need to appeal to the gods. individuals are resposible for their own rebirth
the buddha's teaching about the soul
it does not exist
no soul
anatman
humans are merely made up of five skandas
body, feelings, understanding, will, and consciouness
right views, right intervention, right speech, right action, rightllivlihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration
the eight components of the eightfold path
all of life is suffering. we suffer, because we desire. stop desiring, reach nirvana. follow the eightfold path
the four noble truths
nirvana
meaning "extinction" it is the end of desire or "tanah". at death, release from this world to total nothingness, bliss
hinyana "the exclusive way" or theravadam buddhism "the tradition of the elders"the more conservative of the two and eclusive. and mayayana "the expansive way" more liberal involved in proselytizing, less exlusive
the two major wings of buddha
asoka and his rolew in the development of buddhism
an emporer who was the greatest impetus in the spread of buddhism throughout india. in 247 bce he called a council to determinean authoritative list of buddhist scripture
more conservative. believed to be the closest to the teachings of suddhatha. achieve enlightenment without the help og gods. meditation and self-denial.home is sanha. located primarily in southeat asia. yelloe robes, shaved heads, etc..
therevada buddhism
three principles that bagan to develop in mayana buddhism
secret teachings. buddha was divine. thre are many buddhas
from mayayana buddhism... like hindu avatars that come into the world to help humans. they take vows, live a good life and postpone nirvana so they can come to earth and help. seen as savior figures
bodhisattvas
the pure land sect of buddhism
faith in amitabha buddha and to live a vituous life. repeating of the buddhists name was practiced and believed to result in the attainment of nirvana
the founding of the intuitive sects (zen or chen) of buddhism
truth found in meditation "dhyana"
the teachingsof zen buddhism
must come from meditation and insight. must come through the individual. study and monostatic practices are good, but truth will come from within. reason is to be distrusted. uses koans (riddles) to teach truth
during 6th century, use of scripture and rational mind for truth. understood the buddha taught doctrines
the ratioanilist (tendai) sect
also called the "nicherin or sun lotus" sect. study only the lotus sutra for truth. only nicherin was teaching truth. taught japanese patriatism
the sociopolitical sect
manuals that teach magic
tantras
the distinctive features of tibetin, or tantric buddhism
use of magical words and symbols; incantations ans spells for protection; eroticism "om, the jewel in the lotus, hum" prayer wheels
"superior one"
lama
the dalai lama
leader of the yellow hat group and ruler of tibet. spiritual and temporal leader. in exile since chinese occupation in 1959.in exile, his work was carried on in north america, india,and europe, nobel peace prize
four buddhists festivals and holy days
new year- 3day carnival,2 days cleansing, 1 day rededication. buddha's birthday. festival of souls- release of souls from purgatory. robe offering- missionaries under emporer asoka
adopting more than one religion at a time
syncretistic
chinese traditions of multiple gods or spirits
ancient chinese were polytheists and animistic did sacrifices to spirits of heavan and earth. also performed human sacrifices
chinese local deities
shen
chinese eveil spirits
kuei
represents the negative, dark, cool, female, earth moon and shadows
yin
represents the positive, light, warm, male, dryness ans sun
yang
balances between two forces (chinese)
yin and yang
more conservative. believed to be the closest to the teachings of suddhatha. achieve enlightenment without the help og gods. meditation and self-denial.home is sanha. located primarily in southeat asia. yelloe robes, shaved heads, etc..
therevada buddhism
three principles that bagan to develop in mayana buddhism
secret teachings. buddha was divine. thre are many buddhas
from mayayana buddhism... like hindu avatars that come into the world to help humans. they take vows, live a good life and postpone nirvana so they can come to earth and help. seen as savior figures
bodhisattvas
the pure land sect of buddhism
faith in amitabha buddha and to live a vituous life. repeating of the buddhists name was practiced and believed to result in the attainment of nirvana
the founding of the intuitive sects (zen or chen) of buddhism
truth found in meditation "dhyana"
the teachingsof zen buddhism
must come from meditation and insight. must come through the individual. study and monostatic practices are good, but truth will come from within. reason is to be distrusted. uses koans (riddles) to teach truth
during 6th century, use of scripture and rational mind for truth. understood the buddha taught doctrines
the ratioanilist (tendai) sect
also called the "nicherin or sun lotus" sect. study only the lotus sutra for truth. only nicherin was teaching truth. taught japanese patriatism
the sociopolitical sect
manuals that teach magic
tantras
the distinctive features of tibetin, or tantric buddhism
use of magical words and symbols; incantations ans spells for protection; eroticism "om, the jewel in the lotus, hum" prayer wheels
the traditional chinese attitude toward parents and other ancestors
respect and veneration of elders. after death must maintain gravesites and do proper sacrifices. elderly considered wise. living must do sacrifices to ensure that the ancestors will continue to help the family. shrines with wine and rice in homes to commemorate the dead
(book of changes) 64 hexagons
i ching
was formaly a patron ancestor of the shang dynasty. was responsible for the fall of the shang dynasty, because of its immortality. introduced to the culture in 11th century ce a belief in one Supreme God.
shang ti with the chou dynasty
book of documents that tells how shang ti loved sacrifices, but morality was what was really important
shu ching
no certain bodies of doctrines or rituals; origins have been lost; little is known of its founder; more of a philosophy
taoism
also called li-po-yang, meaning "old boy". keeper of the records in court of chou dynasty. asked to write down all of his wisdom in this book when he tried to retire and leave
"tao te ching"
the theme of the tao te ching
most influential book next to the "analects". also called "the classic of the way and its power of virtue" 5,000 words, 8 chapters of poetry
all human achievements are folly, esp governement. thought to have been written in reaction to the legalists and confucians
tao te ching
collected taoist material and tried to conceive the chinese to adopt these teachings over those of confucius
lao tzu
four main teachings of teh early taoists
1) tao - "the way" the world works. mysterious flow-just go with it - dont try to figure it out or work against it. 2) life is the greatest of all possessions. enrich life- dont get hung up on fleeting things such as achievement. 3) live simply 4)despise pomp and glory
the three groups that were rivals of early taoism
1) confuciuns- idealized the feudal system 2) legalist - called realist. strong leadership. humans are lazy and left to their own devices will do wrong. must control people 3) mohists - disciples of mo-tzu in 5thc. gov't by traditional chinese religion. should operate from a position of love. people are virtually good.
practice of fasting and breath control. dietary regulations- some live on saliva and air alone. later, practice morality and good deeds
toists efforts of immortality
the first god in taoism
alchemy- god of stove
han dynasty
the religion of taoism began with the use of temples and shrines
born 551bce(6thc). probably an atheist. never tried to start a religion. famous teacher knwon as "kung the master". well educated. worked in gov't for duke of lu as a prime minister. best gov't leader of all times
confucius
confucius was not concerned with gods, but with what?
society and good government
confucius' probable beliefs abou the gods
ok to worship god, but what was really important was a social order of equlity. prayer should not interfere with social duties. keep spirits at a distance, more intereted in ethics
"propriety," "rites," "good manners"-towards others will result in proper functioning of society. genteel manners. an OUTWARD expression that originated from the concept of a grain of wood or pattern in jade, it is the course of life as it is intended
the principle of li
the five basic relationships
1) father/son- fiial piety, kindness in father/respect in son 2)elder brother/younger brother- gentility/humility 3)husband/wife- righteousness/obedience 4) elder/junior- consideration/deference 5)ruler/subject- benevolence/loyalty
an INWARD expression of love, goodness, humanheartedness
jen