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65 Cards in this Set

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Torah
aka, pentateuch, the Law
first 5 books of OT
Tanakh
Jewish bible
Neviim
Kethuvim
prophets
writings
Talmud includes the (blank) and (blank), which are the (blank) and (blank).
commentary; includes the Mishnah and Gemara, which are the oral Torah and its commentary; focued on the ethical not the theological
mezuzah
on the doorpost with the words of the shema
tefillin
small wooden boxes with scrolls, binds them to the weaker arm; pray with the scriptures on them
shema
"Hear" Deuteronomy 11:13-21
yaweh/yhwh
Jewish God of Abraham
essenes
wanted physical withdrawal from influence of roman law and greek culture
pharisees
defended tradition of the oral torah; appealed to the poor, believed in resurrection etc.
sadducees
priests and upperclass associated w/ temple; stressed written torah; accomodate Roman law and Greek culture
70ce
romans destroyed temple after a revolt; Diaspora
diaspora
forced resettlement of Jews outside Palestine, rise of rabbis and synagogue
rabbis
during Diaspora, became important teachers
synagogue
since the temple was gone this was the the gathering place for the community to pray.
Exodus
Torah written after this time by Moses. This the movement of the Hebrews out of Egypt.
kosher
habits consonant with the Torah. ; dientary laws and hygene
exegesis
rabbis were interested in this; discerning most relevant interpretation and elaboration of scripture
hermeneutics
trying to determine relevance intended by original authors; study the interpretations of text
messiah
rejuvenate or transform earth; possible heaven but Judaism emphasizes the fulfillment in daily life
yom kippur
day of atonment; try to reconcile differences; ask for forgiveness
bar mitzvah
celebrate coming of age
sephardim
Jewish branch in Europe in Spain
askenazim
easetern european jewish branch
maimonides
brought philosophy into mainstream; believe in: god's omniscience, existence, unity, incorporeality, eternity. worship god alone. prophecy. superiority of moses's prophecy, torah is god's revelation. torahs immutability. reward/punishment. a Messiah. resurrection of the dead.
medieval German Hasidim
serenity o fmind, altruism, and renunciation of worldly things; mysticism
cabala
esoteric wisdom of the torah; jewish gnositicism; trying to figure out the divine plan; started in Spain
zohar
book of the cablistic movement (13th C); book of splendor; numerolgoy
hasidism (modern mystical)
vigorous in the villages; agaisnt talmudic legalism; pursuit of divine wisdom and joy
pogroms
persecutions in the russian and polish ghettos (shtetls)
reform judaiism
accept modern culture; rational ethics and theology, stressing that it offered ethics for humanity; lost some of its uniqueness; desires for political equality
orthodox jew
Torah should judge the modern not the other way around; might be good to live among gentiles, but some might prefer jewish neighborhoods and villages
conservative jews
middle between orthodox and reform
reconstructionist jews
past jewish concerns with heaven is not credible; think of this world
zionism
19th century movement to recreate jewish state in palestine; led by herzl
covenant
i will be your god and you will be my people; you will obey me
decalogue
ten commandments
passover
eat unleavened bread; night the angel of death passes over the house
sabbath
seventh day no work
day of atonement
yom kippur; a day of rest, self-denial, confession, and making amends
ark
special closet in synagoge on wall nearest jerusalme
lectionary
scripture reading for divine worship
hinduism
6 phases; pre-Vedic, Vedic, native challenges, reforming, western challenges, present phase
aryans
conquered the harrapans
vedism
mix of aryan and dravidian/harrapan culture
name the vedas
rig- hymns and prayers
atharva- magic
sama- soma and mantras
yajur- textbook
shruti
divinely revealed
samhitas
synonymous with vedas
rig veda
oldest veda; praises gods then asks for stuff
smriti
what is remembered
anthropopomorphic; theriomorphic
gods in human; animal form
devas/asuras
good/bad divinities
generations of the gods
oldest is the natural (sky/earth), then Indra/mithra/varuna/agni, then brahma/vishnu/shiva (creator/preserver/destroyer)
brahmin priests
carried out the sacrafices
4 castes/varnas
brahmin-priests
kshatriya-warriors, nobles
vaisya-merchants, artisans
sudras-unskilled peasants
karma
relations among past deeds, present character, and future fate
aranyakas
forest books--symoblized by fire's heat; left life to go to the forest and learn spirituality; related to yoga
yoga
discipline; physical means for spiritual release from samsara
moksha
release/liberation
upanishads
learn from a guru; to sit apart; intellectuals to find truth; taught the Brahman and Atman; was mystic as well as ascetic
brahman
foundation of everything; pantheistic conception (god is everything and everything is god)
brahma
creator
knitter
No Other Name? A Critical Survey of Christian Attitudes Toward the World Religions (1985),
leslie newbigin
The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society (1989
six day war
1967 israel won