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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who is Mencius?
After Confucius

Winning arguments, humans naturally good
Who is Xunzi?
After Confucius

Humans naturally evil
Who is Mozi?
Warring states period

Founded Mo-ism
Confucianism - key concepts?
Humaneness
Gentleman
Filial devotion
Good governance
Mo-ism - key concepts?
The past
Standards of judgment
Universality
No offensive warfare
Preeminence of Heaven
Who is Han Feizi?
Studied under Xunzi

Founded Legalism
Legalism - key concepts?
Don't show emotions
Be empty
Stay w/in your own societal role
Law is the ruling force
Be empty and let ideas flow to you
Punishment and favor
Who is Laozi?
Wrote the "Daodejing"
Secular Daoism - key concepts?
"the Way"
Intuition over thinking
Action through inaction
Labeling creates problems
Dualities are necessary
Submission and acceptance
Religious Daoism - beliefs and practices?
Immortality
Ancestor worship
The sages
Meditation
Who is Zhuangzi?
More argumentative than Daodejing

Free self from conventional values/ideas
Uses humor, nonsense to desconstruct conventional ideas
"Buddha" means?
"Enlightened"
"Bodhisattva" means?
A being destined for awakening
"Arhat" means?
Gains insight into the Dharma through another person

Doesn't stay to help others like buddhas/bodhisattvas
"Nirvana" means?
Awakening/enlightenment
"Karma" is?
A cause of rebirth (not the only cause)

Entirely based on intentions, not the actions themselves
"Dharma" means?
"Teaching" or "truth"
"Samsara" is?
Cycle of rebirth
"Sangha" is?
The Buddhist community
The general beliefs of Buddhism are?
The "middle way" (moderation)
The 4 noble truths
Impermanence
5 precepts
The 4 noble truths
Suffering
Origin of suffering
Cessation of suffering
Path to the cessation of suffering
The 4 events in the life of the Buddha
Birth
Awakening
First teaching
Death
Mahayana Buddhism - key concepts?
The "Great Vehicle"
Arhat no longer a worthy goal
Inclusive
Merit transference
Devotion to advanced bodhisattvas
Focused on texts
The Madhyamaka school
Indian Mahayana school

Founded by Nagarjuna
No duality - emptiness of all phenomenon
Conventional and ultimate truth
The world/nirvana is the same
The Yogacara school
Indian Mahayana school

The "mind only"
3 bodies of the buddha
The Tathagata-garbha school
Indian Mahayana school

Everyone has the seed of buddha-ness inside them
Who is Zhiyi?
Founder of Tiantai/Tendai
Tiantai - key concepts?
3 levels of truth (from Madhyamaka)
Numbers/mathematics
Relationship b/w the dharmas and the mind
Daimoku as meditation
The 3 levels of truth
Madhyamaka
Tiantai

About dharmas

Truth of emptiness
Temporary truth
Truth of the mean
Who is Nichiren?
Founded Nichiren Buddhism

During a period of militaristic, rising warrior class, warlords
Nichiren - key concepts?
Heavily based on Tendai
Mappo era
Daimoku
Dreams v. waking reality
Everyone can become awakened
Pure Land - key concepts?
From Madhyamaka
Cult of Amitabha
Nembutsu
Mappo
Deathbed practices
What is a "Pure Land"?
Everyone in the PL is equal
A type of expedient means
Created by bodhisattvas to help others attain nirvana more quickly
To get in: chant, visualize, talk about the LS
No suffering
No karma
What is the "nembutsu"?
Praise offered to the Buddha as a devotional act
Who is Zendo?
Pure Land

First to suggest that recitation of Amitābha’s name could be enough to attain salvation
Who is Genshin?
Pure Land

PL as a stepping stone to salvation
Nembutsu not the only means to salvation
Who is Honen?
Pure Land

Nembutsu is the sole path to salvation
Who is Shonin?
Pure Land

Disciple of Honen

Faith is the only thing necessary to get into the PL
Zen - history?
Based on constructed genealogies

Legitimizes Zen
Zen - key concepts?
Meditation
Non-duality
Emptiness
Don't rely on texts
Everyone has the seed of buddhahood inside
The 5 houses
What are the 5 houses of Zen?
Igyo
Rinzai
Soto
Ummon
Hogen
The Igyo house
Zen

Symbols for unity/wholeness
The Rinzai house
Zen

Beating/shouting
Chinese tradition
SatoriNo set steps toward enlightenment
Individual experience
The Soto house
Zen

"Farmer's Zen"
Ethical precepts needed
The Ummon house
Zen

Words aren't important
"Cake"
The Hogen house
Zen

Unrelated words
Repetition
Satori
Awakening

Not necessarily something you have forever, it’s an exp you can access to understand Zen
Zen practices?
Zazen
Koans
Tea ceremonies
What is "zazen"?
Seated meditation
Purpose: to train mind, reflect, detachment
What are "koans"?
Words create distinctions
Goal 1: help students think beyond distinctions
Goal 2: reveal the way the mind operates
"Capping phrases"
What is the purpose of Japanese tea ceremonies?
Originated from the idea of living in the moment

Incorporates aspects of social hierarchy