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88 Cards in this Set

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The way we live as god's children, responding to Jesus and the guidance of the holy spirit at work in the catholic church
Catholic morality
God's fatherly instruction that is written on the human hear and accesses by human reason
Natural law
A solemn agreement between god and human beings involving mutual obligations and agreements
Covenant
The goodness or sinfulness of human acts
Morality
The interior voice of a human being, within whose heart the inner law of God is inscribed
Conscience
The gift of the holy spirit; the help that God gives us to live out our vocation
Grace
The respect owed to all human beings because they are made in God's image
Dignity
Calling to love and serve God both now and forever
Vocation
T or F. God never assists us in our moral decision making because it would negate our free will
False
T or F. The Christian Pentecost was the event on which Jesus sent the Apostles the Holy Spirit, giving them power to spread the gospel
True
T or F. The Catholic Church does not believe that God intended for us to help in spreading His goodness and making the world the way he intended it to be
False.
List and explain the three elements involved in determining the morality of a particular act
1) object chosen- the choice we make,good or bad, when we make decisions
2) intention of act- the reason we acted they way we did
3) circumstances surrounding the act- the things around us that affect our decision.
List the three concepts underlying Catholic morality
Dignity, vocation, and grace
How does grace affect our moral decision making
Grace leads us to god and away from sin. It is how God helps us through life
The mystery of the union of divine and human natures in Jesus
Incarnation
People who take the beatitudes message to heart and attempt to live it
Beatitude Saints
The teachings of Jesus in the sermon on the mount on the meaning of and way to true happiness
Beatitudes
God's reign, proclaimed by and present in Jesus
Kingdom of God
Teachings that overturn commonly held values and priorities
Hard sayings
Strict observance of laws, regardless of circumstances and possible harm to people involved
Legalism
Doing only the least that is required by law in our moral life
Minimalism
T or F. Jesus shows us his morality through his lectures to sinners on how they need to "get their act together."
False
T or F. Strictly and legalistically following the ten commandments is guiding principle of Christian morality
False
T or F. The kingdom of god is the central theme in Jesus' preaching
True
Jesus believed that the Kingdom of God would only come about once we die and reach heaven
False
T or F. Jesus insists that following him will be the easiest and most self-indulgent thing you will ever do
False
T or F. Jesus approved of the old law, but disapproved of certain attitudes toward the law
True
T or F. Jesus claimed that the heart of all religious laws was love of God and others. He placed his concern over strict observance of the law
True
List the four moral questions Jesus asks through his life's actions
1) how can we avoid sin
2) how are people hurting and what can we do
3) how can we prepare of kingdom of god
4) how is god active in the world today and how do we participate
List the three main purposes of the Beatitudes for our moral lives
1) challenges us to think about our attitude towards others
2) shows us a way of life that reflects Jesus' values
3) teaches a good way to live, not just follow laws
Differentiate what Jesus meant by following "letter of the law" vs. "spirit of the law"
Letter- is when people do exactly what the law says but only because it says to
Spirit- when people have the law in their heart and understand that there are exceptions to the law
Refers to the unity, in Christ, of all people and holy things such as charity and the Eucharist that brung about unity
Communion of saints
T or F. The church is made of sinners and saints
True
T or F. The church should play major role in our moral decision making because it strives to preach Jesus' message in a world where what's right is hard to find
True
T or F. Thanks to the reconciliation, we can trust that the Church is guided by the Holy Spirit and providing us with the truth
False
T or F According to St. Paul's analogy of the body, the experiences of one part of the Church should not affect any of the other parts
False
T or F. The sacrament of baptism is prefigured in the Old Testament in the story of creation
False
T or F. The first recorded baptism in history was performed on Jesus
False
T or F. Jesus began his public ministry by being paraded into Jerusalem as king
False
The attributes and features that make up who we are
Character
Good habits
Virtues
Bad habits
Vices
T or F. Our character does not affect our moral decision making
False
T or F. The theological virtues are simply gifts from God that call for no response on our part
False
T or F. Fortitude requires the courage to act even when your actions may be unpopular
True
T or F. The virtue of temperance helps us to to a balanced use of God's created gifts
True
T or F. When it comes to virtues, Jesus on,y demanded that we cultivate virtues in ourselves and keep our sights set on heaven
False
List and explain two elements that shape our character
1) family background- the way your parents act and raise you influence they way you act
2) peer influence- the things your friends do make you want to do the same
List the theological virtues and use the root word "theos"
Faith, hope, and love. Theos- god; the behavior patterns that are rooted in God and help us to have a good relationship with him.
List two common effects of prayer
Strength and courage
List the cardinal virtues and use the root word "cardo"
Prudence, temperance, justice, and fortitude.
Cardo- hinges; Christian moral life "hinges" (depends on) these virtues working together
A moral decision making ability; involves awareness of wrong and right, discernment, and judgement.
Conscience
When a person does not think about the morality of actions he performs
Lax conscience
A conscience that is educated and developed through constant use and examination
Informed conscience
When a person follows their conscience, but unknowingly makes a wrong decision
Erroneous conscience
List the cardinal virtues and use the root word "cardo"
Prudence, temperance, justice, and fortitude.
Cardo- hinges; Christian moral life "hinges" (depends on) these virtus working together
When people intentionally act contrary to their conscience and choose to do wrong
Sin
A moral decision making ability; involves awareness of wrong and right, discernment, and judgement.
Conscience
T or F. According to the Catholic Church, our conscience is the choice of god in our hearts
True
When a person does not think about the morality of actions he performs
Lax conscience
T or F. A good moral judgement is made by choosing the best course of action known to us, in light if our awareness of wrong and right and our informed conscience
True
A conscience that is educated and developed through constant use and examination
Informed conscience
T or F. The root meaning of conscience is " to know"
True
When a person follows their conscience, but unknowingly makes a wrong decision
Erroneous conscience
T or F. In scripture, heart is the word often used for conscience
True
When people intentionally act contrary to their conscience and choose to do wrong
Sin
T or F. According to the Catholic Church, our conscience is the choice of god in our hearts
True
T or F. A good moral judgement is made by choosing the best course of action known to us, in light if our awareness of wrong and right and our informed conscience
True
T or F. The root meaning of conscience is " to know"
True
T or F. In scripture, heart is the word often used for conscience
True
T or F. According to the Church, your moral decision making is fundamentally between you/informed conscience and god
True
List the three dimensions of conscience
1) awareness of right and wrong
2) forming a good conscience
3) making judgement based in "informed conscience"
List the four resources that should be used in the formation of your conscience
1) Jesus in scripture
2) habit of prayer
3) church teaching of morality
4) advice from others
Sin that marks all humans as needing Christ's salvation
Original sin
Action that weakens our relationship with god
Venial sin
Action that involves the complete rejection of god
Mortal sin
Ways that societies are structured resulting in unjust distribution of power, benefits, and privileges
Sinful social structures
Purposely doing an action that is called for
Sin of commission
Not doing an action that is called for
Sin of omission
Offense against god and an action contrary to his law of love
Sin
An attitude of not getting involved, not caring, not acting when action is called for
Apathy
T or F. According to the Catholic Church, sin is merely a personal issue, affecting only ourselves
False
T or F. Our attitudes cannot be sinful. They are only sinful if we act on them.
False
T or F. Jesus' birth was the event that won redemption for all humanity
False
T or F. In regards to sin, the main message in the gospels is that of God's mercy for sinners
True
List the three main dangers associated with our modern tendency to avoid speaking of sin
1) lose our sense of sin (lose authority)
2) without sense of sin (our choices are valueless)
3) we don't recognize our darkness( we let it over power us)
Briefly explain the traditional concept of original sin and it's modern interpretation
Concept- it is the human condition of being wounded at our core with a tendency to sin. It is from when adam and eve sinned for the first time. Modern notion- evolutionary leftovers
List the three necessary criteria, which must be met in order for a sin to be considered "mortal"
1) involve grave matter
2) deliberate action
3) done with full knowledge