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91 Cards in this Set

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religio
to bind together - people, sacre and secular, past and present and view future
ritual
symbolic act/behavior, predicted and repeated worshipful acts - repitition, specific intentions, patterned performance, traditional meanings, and purposefulness
sacred
to set apart, ultimate reality, source of real/power
myth
false story, mystery, narrates/proclaims truth, gives beginning
symbolization
use of symbols to convey meaning
mystery
transcends, thought-reason. R Oro said the ideo of Holy is a terrifying and fascinating mystery.
symbolism
3 categories: symbol (person/place/thing), ritual (act/behavior), or word/communication (myth/scripture)
secularization
the activity of changing something so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion
sacred pipe
offering to the Great Spirit, 4 ribbons on the pipe represent the quarters of the universe, the hide on the mouthpeice is that of Bison to represent Earth.
Nation's Hoop
teepees were round like the nests of birds, and these were always set in a circle, the nation's hoop, a nest of many nests, where the Great Spirit meant for us to hatch our children."
ghost dance
And they danced the Ghost Dance during which many participants would faint or enter into a trance where they would see and speak to their dead relations.
ghost dance
many participants would faint or enter into a trance where they would see and speak to their dead relations.
White Buffalo Women
The White Buffalo Women's gift of the Sacred Pipe is a creation myth that includes the words "With this you shall multiply and be a good nation," suggesting familiarity with Genesis 1
Sun Dance
presided over by Sitting Bull. A tree is found tp be put in the middle of a big circle. Pregnant women are the first to dance around it. A very brave warrior counts coup upon the tree and gives away gifts. Young maidens chop the tree down and warriors charge into the center where the tree had stood, which is now a sacred spot. This act ensures their safety in battle. Everyone feasts. The next day, the tree is planted in the center of the dancing place. Nursing babies are laid at its base. Young children’s ears are pierced. The next day the dancing begins. Dancers are tied to the tree by a thong of rawhide inserted through the skin of their backs or chests. They dance, pulling at the strip of rawhide until they cannot bear it or until their flesh rips
Wounded Knee
On Dec 29, 1890, Black Elk sees soldiers riding toward Wounded Knee Creek and hears shots being fired. He puts on his sacred shirt and rides out. About 20 more Indians join him as they ride toward Wounded Knee. There they see cavalry soldiers firing on women and children who are hiding in a gulch. They ride into the fight to try to save their relatives. Black Elk, armed only with his bow, charges a group of soldiers. They see the aftermath of the massacre at Wounded Knee—how men, women, and children were killed trying to escape. There were about 100 Indian warriors and 500 cavalry soldiers. After the battle, a blizzard came up and covered the bodies.
wasichu
whita man
Wakantanka
Great Spirit, Great Mystery, Great Holy
vision quest
an experience of deeper understanding of Nature and Spirit
Orthodox
stand by a historical form of their religion.
reform
began in 19th century in Germany; remove antiquated and oriental practices, vernacular language instead of Hebrew, rebuilding of temple and return to Israel were removed.
TANAK
Jewish scripture consiting of the torah, nevi'im, and ketuvim
Torah
penteteuch, 1st 5 books of the Bible, law and guidelines of living, Moses is author
Nevi'im
prophets - historical books
Ketuvim
writings - hymns, psalms, proverbs, Job
Exodus
Moses led the Israelites out of Egyptian slavery, commandments are given
JEPD
Judean, Ephrian, Priestly, and Deuteronomy - the 4 sources of Jewish scripture
Talmud
codified compendium of Jewish lw and lore, 2 kinds: Jerusalem and Babylonian
Midrash
process of studying the Jewish Torah - 2 forms - Halakah (legal) and Haggadah (nonlegal)
Mishnah
edition of oral Torah done under Judah the Prince
covenant
sacred contract dictated by God to humans
1st Temple
built under King Solomon as a permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant. Destroyed in 586 BCE
David
2nd King of Israel - greatest king-composer of psalms, made Jerusalem capital
messiah
the anointed one
2nd temple
cyrus allows the rebuilding of the Temple in 538. Romans take over in 50 BCE andthe temple is burnt down in 70 CE
rabbi
a Jewish teacher, they survived the destruction of Judea
synagogue
meeting place for Jewish study and worship
Passover
Israelites spared from the death of their 1st born by placing lamb's blood on their doorpost...Seder dinner
anti-semitisim
prejuidice against Jews
Holocaust
genocide of 6 million Jews by German Nazis.
Babylonian exile
jews were exiled to Babylonia for 50 years
Indus River Valley Civilization
2500 BCE - Hindu origins
sruti
Hindu scripture which is heard by the gods. example: vedas, brahmana, upanishads
Vedas
old oral tradition centered around practices of sacarfice. There are four vedas.
Brahmanas
describes the meaning of the sacraficial action
Shakti
power of glance, word, touch, or thought of the guru
Upanishads
sacrafices done internally
smrti
Hindu scripture - that which is remembered
Dharma Sutras
Hindu guide to life, law, duty, truth. Duties for members of the caste system
epics
long historic narratives
Mahabharata
500 BCE-100 CE - long Hindu epic that includes the Bhagavad Gita
Brahmins
hindu priests
samsara
continuous cycle of birth death and rebirth
moksha
liberation from samsara
Rta
signifies cosmic order of universe,It is the 12-spoked wheel of the cyclical year, Seen as the path one follows to a goal. Also seen as Truth
Agni
god of fire, fire of the sacrafice
Prajapati
god of the sacrafice
Soma
drink used at the sacrafice
Vishnu
god of sacraficial space
Avatar
and incarnation of Vishnu during chaoctic times
Siva
supreme as lord of yogis, absolute consciousness, creator, preserver, and destroyer of the world
karma
actions and their effects in this life and the next
Puranas
500 CE - hindu scriptures written to popularize the abstract truths of Vedas through stories about historical and legendary figures
Durga
great goddess of as destroyer of evil
Parusha Sukta
creation, sacrafice = reality,
jatis
divisions in castes generally by profession
Bhagavad Gita
Song of the Supreme Exaleted One
bhakti
intense devotion to a personal aspect of the deity
Vedanta
pure devotion and univrsal spiritual wisdom Ramakrishna embodied inspired
jnana
secret knowledge of the universe
yoga
one of the 4 ways of liberation
Asvamedha
sacrafice of a horse by a king that just conquered new territory. The queen then has sex with the dead horse
Soma
drink used at the sacrafice
Vishnu
god of sacraficial space
Avatar
and incarnation of Vishnu during chaoctic times
Siva
supreme as lord of yogis, absolute consciousness, creator, preserver, and destroyer of the world
karma
actions and their effects in this life and the next
Puranas
500 CE - hindu scriptures written to popularize the abstract truths of Vedas through stories about historical and legendary figures
Durga
great goddess of as destroyer of evil
Parusha Sukta
creation, sacrafice = reality,
jatis
divisions in castes generally by profession
Bhagavad Gita
Song of the Supreme Exaleted One
bhakti
intense devotion to a personal aspect of the deity
Vedanta
pure devotion and univrsal spiritual wisdom Ramakrishna embodied inspired
jnana
secret knowledge of the universe
yoga
one of the 4 ways of liberation
Asvamedha
sacrafice of a horse by a king that just conquered new territory. The queen then has sex with the dead horse
atman
altar, where sacrafice was done
self
Kali
destroying and transforming Mother of the world
darsan
visual contact with the divine through encounters with Hindu images or gurus.
Krishna
glorious manifesttion of the Supreme
Brahman
one god, essence of reality. All other gods are expressions of Brahman