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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bernard of Clairvaux
Abbot of the monastery of Clairvaux in France who distinguished himself as a mystic and theologian.
The buying and selling of ecclesiastical offices.
Concordat of Worms
An agreement in 1122 that ended the struggle over lay investitures between the papacy and the German emperors.
A form of ecclesiastical censure that prohibited a person or a region from receiving the sacraments and Christian burial, but without loss of communion with the Church.
Unam Sanctam
A papal bull issued by Boniface VIII in 1302 during a conflict with King Phillip the Fair of France. It affirmed that there is no salvation outside the Church and that temporal authority is always subject to the spiritual power of the Church.
Ontological argument
An argument for the existence of God formulated by Anselm of Canterbury. It states that the very idea of God as something greater than which nothing can be imagined proves God’s existence.
Peter Abelard
Philosopher and theologian, his Sic et non (“Yes and No”) marked an important step in the development of scholasticism.
- A remission of the temporal punishment for sin made possible by drawing on the surplus merits of Christ and the saints. Documents attesting that such remission had been granted became common in the late middle Ages.
Thomas Aquinas
Dominican theologian and author of the Summa Theologiae. Generally regarded as the greatest of the medieval scholastic theologians.
Members of the order of preaching friars founded by St. Dominic in 1215.
Treasury of merit
According the medieval theology, a repository of surplus merits earned by Christ and the saints which might be distributed by the Church for the spiritual benefit of others.
Women of the late middle ages who devoted themselves to the cultivation of piety without joining any of the traditional orders of nuns. Some lived alone, others in communities. They devoted much of their time to prayer and philanthropy
The male counterparts of the Beguines, these were men of the late medieval period who resembled monks in their devotion to prayer and good works but did not join formal monastic orders. Most lived in communities in which there was no private property.
Babylonian Captivity
The captivity of the Jews under the neo-Babylonians in the sixth century BCE. The phrase was also used beginning in the fourteenth century to describe the exile of the popes at Avignon.
Medieval Christians who publicly scourged themselves to do penance for their sins
Supporters of the late medieval movement that sought to place much of the authority of the popes into the hands of councils of bishops.
The holding by one person of more than one church office or benefice at the same time.
A dualist sect that reached the peak of its popularity in the thirteenth century.
Followers of Peter Waldo, a twelfth-century reformer who urged laypeople to embrace poverty and preach the gospel.
Mendicant friars
Members of religious orders who members were, in theory, forbidden to own property. The most famous are the Dominicans and Franciscans.
The order of friars founded by St. Francis of Assisi.
English followers of John Wycliffe.
John Wycliffe
English theologian and reformer.
Opposition to the influence of the Church or the clergy, especially in political matters.
Jan Hus
Czech reformer.
Catherine of Siena
Italian mystic.
Julian of Norwich
English mystic and author of the Showings or Revelations.
Margery Kempe
English mystic and spiritual writer.
Thomas a Kempis
An important representative of the devotia moderna who is generally believed to be the author of The Imitation of Christ.
John Duns Scotus
Philosopher, theologian, and author of a commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard.
A deep and applied faith in the essential goodness and potential of human beings; one of the primary characteristics of both Hellenism and the Renaissance.
A renowned humanist and scholar; also known as Erasmus of Rotterdam.
The ideal of “emptying” oneself in humility and imitation of Christ.