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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Askenazim
Eastern European
Canaan
land promised to Israelites (monarchy)
covenant
circumcision
10 commandments
kosher
temple sacrafise
diaspora
dispersal - jews were told to leave
Dead Sead Scroll
library of ancient texts
kumran in caves in israel
Essenes
set themselves apart
Exodus
Isralites left Egypt
book 2 of the torah
gentile
non jew
Hasidim
orthadox
Hellenism
Medeteranean - under influence of Greek
Holocaust
great tradgedy - fianl solution
Hitler
Inquisition
Spain - root out anyone they dod not like
Israel
holy land - jacobs new home
Judah
Southern Kingdom
Tribe of David
Kabbalah
mystical texts
Kosher
clean
Midrash
reinterpreting the law
Palestine
name of province under roman law
Pentateuch
the torah - 5 books of moses
Passover
exodus and freedom of Israelites from Eqypt
Pogram
wholesale slaughter of jews
Rabbi
teacher
redact
go back, edit, change
rebbe
Hasidik, spiritually trained
Semite
language
Sephardim
Spanish/Medetranean
Synagogue
meeting place, house of worship
TaNak
torah, Nevim, Kethuvim
book, profits, writings
JEWISH BIBLE
Torah
1t 5 books written by Moses
Agape
love that is spiritual
Annunciation
a. The angel Gabriel's announcement to the Virgin Mary of the Incarnation.
b. The feast celebrating this event.
c. March 25, the day on which this feast is observed.
Apocalyptic
2. Involving or portending widespread devastation or ultimate doom
apocryphal
Of questionable authorship or authenticity.
Beguines
Roman Catholic Church
A member of any of several lay sisterhoods founded in the Netherlands in the 13th century.
Bishoprics
The office or rank of a bishop.
2. The diocese of a bishop.
Cathari
A member of a Christian sect flourishing in western Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries that professed a dualistic belief emphasizing ascetic renunciation of the world and was condemned by the Church as heretical.
creeds
A formal statement of religious belief; a confession of faith.
counter reformation
A reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that arose in 16th-century Europe in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Denominations
A large group of religious congregations united under a common faith and name and organized under a single administrative and legal hierarchy.
epiphany
A Christian feast celebrating the manifestation of the divine nature of Jesus to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi.
eucharist
Communion.
excommunicate
To deprive of the right of church membership by ecclesiastical authority.
gnostic
possessing intellectual or spiritual knowledge.
gospel
A teaching or doctrine of a religious teacher
icons
An important and enduring symbol
inconostasis
The screen decorated with icons that divides the sanctuary from the nave of an Eastern Orthodox church.
indulgences
granted as a favor or privilege
mass
Public celebration
Nag Hammadi Texts
a collection of 13 ancient papyrus codices translated from Greek into Coptic that were discovered by farmers near the town of Nag Hammadi in 1945; the codices contain 45 distinct works including the chief sources of first-hand knowledge of Gnosticism
Nicene Creed
a formal creed summarizing Christian beliefs
Philokalia
Orthodox Christians honor the writings of the saints
of the Church. Particularly important is a collection called the Philokalia. It consists
of texts written by Orthodox masters between the fourth and fifteenth centuries.
“Philokalia” means love of the exalted, excellent, and beautiful, in other
words, the transcendent divine source of life and truth.
Pentecost
The seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples
Purgatory
A place or condition of suffering
Reformation
movement in Western Europe that aimed at reforming some doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches.
sacraments
A rite believed to be a means of or visible form of grace
sedition
Conduct or language inciting rebellion against the authority
social gospel
brought Protestant churches to the forefront of
efforts at social and moral reform. Women, long excluded from important positions
in the Church, played major roles in Church-related missionary and reform
efforts, such as the abolition of slavery; they cited certain biblical passages as supporting
equality of the sexes.
synod
A council or an assembly of church officials or churches
synoptic
a. Taking the same point of view.
b. often Synoptic Relating to or being the first three gospels of the New Testament, which share content, style, and order of events and which differ largely from John
transubstantiation
In many Christian churches, the doctrine holding that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, although their appearances remain the same.
Zealots
A member of a Jewish movement of the first century a.d. that fought against Roman rule in Palestine as incompatible with strict monotheism