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74 Cards in this Set

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Halakhah
the commandments of God revealed in the Tanak (written Torah) and commented on in the Talmud (oral) "to walk in the way of god"
Hadidism
recent form of Judaism, strong roots in Jewish mysticism
Mishnah
oral torah recorded
mitzvot
commandments of God requiring deeds of loving kindness
shema
fundamental creed of judaism, "here O israel"
tanak
written torah
faqih
jurists
fatwa
legal opinion
hadith
narrative of Muh. sayings and actions (follow in the way of Muh)
hijrah
migration, 1st yr of muslim lunar calendar
ijma
consensus
ijtihad
human interpretation or independent reasoning
imam
Sunni- prarey leader
Shiah- Muh's decendents as successors
jahilliyah
unbelief (pre islamic era)
quiyas
legal term for analogical reasoning
salat
5 daily prayers
shahadah
declaration of faith
shariah
islamic law
shiah
decendents of Muh. should be leaders
sufi
wears wool, muslim mystic
sunnah
example of Muh
sunni
majority. succession of caliphs
surah
chapter of the Koran
Tawhid
oneness, unity, and uniqueness of God; monotheism
ulama
religious scholars
ummah
muslim community of believers
wali
friend of god, like prophet
zakat
alsmgiving
ahimsa
non violence
atman
soul
avatara
incarnation of Gods on earth
bhakti
devotionalism to a divinity
brahman
world spirit that arises at creation
brahmin
highest cast, holy men
dharma
duty
kali yuga
dark age, right now
moksha
release/liberation from samsara...freedom from future rebirth/death
Ramanuja
theologian said humans relate to Saguna (human form of Brahman)
samsara
the world of rebirth
Shankara
philosopher; Nirguna Brahman (impersonal form of Brahman)
tantra
practices that defy caste and gender to lead to Moskha/nirvana quickly
upanishads
appendices to the Vedas
veda
collection of the earliest hindu hymns
yoga
union
anatman
no soul
avatara
incarnation of Gods on earth
bhakti
devotionalism to a divinity
brahman
world spirit that arises at creation
brahmin
highest cast, holy men
dharma
duty
kali yuga
dark age, right now
moksha
release/liberation from samsara...freedom from future rebirth/death
Ramanuja
theologian said humans relate to Saguna (human form of Brahman)
samsara
the world of rebirth
Shankara
philosopher; Nirguna Brahman (impersonal form of Brahman)
tantra
practices that defy caste and gender to lead to Moskha/nirvana quickly
upanishads
appendices to the Vedas
veda
collection of the earliest hindu hymns
yoga
union
anatman
no soul
bodhisattva
a buddha to be
dharma (B)
teachings/basics for realizing enlightenment
eightfold path
qualities needed to reach nirvana
four noble truths
diagnoses the human condition marked by suffering distorted by desire, with the eightfold path as a solution
koan
riddle designed to foster spiritual growth (Mahayana)
Lotus Sutra
Mahayana buddhist texts, reveals cosmological nature of buddha and universal character of buddhist truth
nirvana
enlightment
pali canon
buddhist teachings

vinaya (monastic code)
sutras (sermons)
abhidhamma (advanced teaching formula)
merit/punya
merit, earned by moral practices, learning, and meditation (good karma)
pure land
Mahayana; buddhas and bodhisattvas create realms where humans engage in buddhist practices conductive to enlightenment
sangha
community of monks and nuns
skandha
5 components that define a human being;
physical body (rapa)
feelings (bedana)
perceptions (samjna)
habitual mental dispositions (samskaras)
consciousness (vijnana)
triratna/three refuges
the 3 jewels

buddha, dharma, and sangha
zen
school focused on meditation practice, JAPANESE