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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Trinity
A christian Doctrine that there is one God is three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Incarnation
The doctrine that the second Person of the Trintiy became man without giving up his divinity
Atonement
the work of christ in winning salvation for believers in him
Canon
A rule or fixed reference point
Canonical
Scriptural writing accecpted to be within the canon
Catholic
Universal; "what was always taught to everyone and everywhere (Vincent of Lerins)
orthodox
literally "straight" or "proper," that which is in accord with correct doctrine or practice as established by authority of the bible, such as the deity of Christ, the Trinity
Sacrament
A religious rite which is regarded as a means or sign of faith
Paganism
in general, a religion other than Christianity; in the ancient world these often believed in many gods and goddesses
Pantheism
The belief that everything in nature is divine
Panentheism
the belief that the divine is in, but not to be equated with everything that exists
The church
A general reference to those who have faith in Christ, the Communion of Saints
Orthodox
the term used to refer to the Eastern Branch of Christendom, the "Eastern Orthodox"
Latin Christianity
the part of the church associated with Western Europe before the 1500's
Protestant Christianity
after 1530, those churches in the Western world who were not Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox
Apologetics
theology which aims at a reasoned defense of the Christian faith, both arguments for it and rebuttals of chriticism
Theology
study of the doctrine of God
Christology
theoulogy that addresses the Person of Christ
Soteriology
theology that addresses salvation
Ecclesiology
the theology of the church
Doctrine
an authoritative teaching within the church
Creed
A statement of faith, derived from a latin word meaning, "I believe"
Secular
worldly rather than spiritual (from Latin "secularum")
Heresy
A belief or teaching that contradicts Scripture and Christian doctrine
Manichaenism
a dualistic view of chreation of Christ was the representative of light and Satan of darkness
Donatism
a belief that the church is a body of saints within which there was no room for sinners
Pelagianism
a belief that humans take the initiative in their own salvation
Arianism
Christ is the highest of created beings ("There was a time when he wasn't")
Docetism
The beief that Christ only appreared to be a human, e.g. Christ without a body
Philosophy
Love of wisdom
Neoplatonism
An interpretation of Plato's idealism that was highly influential to the early and Medieval church
Cosmology
the study of the origin and nature of the universe
Metaphysics
the philosophy that deals with questions of the ultimate nature of reality
Idealism
Any philosophy which emphasizes the mental or spiritual demension as being more real than the material
Caesaropapism
the domination of the Eastern Church by the imperial government
The Pope
The Bishop of Rome who eventually was recognized as the earthly head of the true church, the Church of Rome or the Roam Catholic Church
Ecumenical Council
Church councils convened to attempt to resolve disputed matters of doctrine
Feadalism
Any system that resembles the one used in the middle ages, where the people provided labor and military service to a lord in return for use of his land. A form of contractual servitude
Manoralism
Economic portion of feudalism where all aspects of life were centered on the lord's manor including peasant villages, a church, farm land, a mill, and the lord's castle or manor house