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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Humanity of the Bible
The Bible uses the Word of God in and through human language and culture. So, we don't have to escape humanity to commune with God.
without error
means of grace
Christ is made present to us - more than just a reenactment
communion / fellowship... a sharing in, a participating in, a partaking of
corporate personality
a person is representative of a people in the Bible
great sense of a community
one for all and all for one
Council of Nicea
Although many had been baptizing in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit long before, but 200-300 bishops attempt to make it official by creating was would be the skeletal form of the Nicene Creed.
Council of Constantinople
The teaching of the Council of Nicea are accepted and elaborated.
Deus ad Intra
God within himself-the inner tinitarian life
Deus ad Extra
God as He goes forth and reveals himself by creating and redeeming
5 Affirmations of the Nicene/Constantinopolitan Creed
1. Jesus is "very God of very God" - Everything it means to be God is true of the Father and the Son
2. "begotten, not made" - The Father is eternally the origin of the Son. There was never a time when the Son was not
3. "of one substance with the Father" - essence - What makes it what it is
4. "who for us and for our salvation came down from Heaven" - He is fully God and fully able to offer salvation
5. "who was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man" - Embodiment does not mean fallen
same substance
similar substance
Father, Son, and HS are merely three revelations of God at different times - 3 distinguished persons.
3 Gods so distinct that they are separated or dependent of one another.
assigning an act of God to a particular person
Father = Creator
Son = Redeemer
Holy Spirit = Consumation
Functionally Subordinate
Subordinate because of accommodation undertaken voluntarily and freely, but not a subordination of being
placing the persons of the trinity in a hierarchy
ontological subordination
subordination of being
God is self-sufficient
God has no need of anything other than Himself - nothing else is necessary
overlapping or enwrapping love each person of the trinity shares in, participates in, partakes of
"sheer power"

redefined as: "There is no such this as more pain, suffering, and death than God can bare."
Divine Vulnerability
God loves freely and fully and He loves us at a risk to Himself
unable to be affected

incapable of pathos
deep pain / suffering love
mysterion / sacrumentum
something revealed to be known, but that is much greater than ourseleves and therefore, so some degree, repels us because it is "awe-inspiring"
the word of God recognized by the church
Barmen Declaration
Created by the German church opposed to Nazis
Belhar Confession
said no theological justification of the apartheid in South Africa
the word - also "reason"
profound experience that causes us to reflect on the meaning of things
what the universal church has believed throughout the ages consistent with scripture
God's free will to reveal Himself to us
God always reveals Himself in and through the creational
Luther says "condescention"
Calvin - "stoops so low"
giving human characteristics to something or someone that doesn't necessarily possess them - for the sake of better understanding
turns Christianity into a religion of escape because we are always on the edge of despair and wanting to escape humanity
continuing creation
What purpose does Jesus serve in worship?
God comes to us in Jesus to stand in for us and bring to fulfillment his purpose of worship and communion - to offer the Father worship and praise we failed to offer in perfect love and obedience.
To reconcile all things to God
To intercede for the nations
wonderful exchange
God takes our broken lives and unworthy prayers, sanctifies them, offers the purified version to the Father, and offers them back to us so that we might give thanks.
sola gratia
Jesus takes our prayers and makes them His prayers and makes His prayers ours.
What is Christian worship according to Torrence?
Our participation through the Spirit in the Son's communion with the Father, in His vicarious life of worship and intercession - Our response to the Father for all that He has done for us in Christ.
God as the "leader of worship"
What is the heart of the Reformed doctrine according to Torrence?
1. Christ's baptism is our baptism, set forth in our water baptism.
2. Christ's sacrifice is our sacrifice, set forth at the table.
3. Christ's worship is our worship, set forth in our worship and prayers.
Unitarian View
focused on what we do in church on Sunday, human centered, with no proper doctrine of the Holy Spirit
Trinitarian View
worship is the gift of participating through the Spirit in the incarnate Son's communion with the Father. God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts. (gal 4:6) sacramental
leitourgos ton hagion
"the one true minister of the sanctuary" (heb 8:1-2) - Jesus leads us in our praise and prayers
Model 1: Harnack (Hick) Model
the heart of religion is the soul's immediate relationship to God - worship of the Father, but not the incarnate Son
Merely follow the example of Jesus's ethical teachings
alien element
Harnack - the incarnation must not come between the child and his Heavenly Father
Model 2: Existential, Present-day Experience Model
The work of Jesus is instrumental in our present faith and experience of salvation - the events of the cross and preaching give rise the event of faith - preocupation with individual experience
ignores the fact that God already provided the only sufficient response
Model 3: Incarnational Trinitarian Model
worship is the gift of participating through the Spirit in the incarnate Son's communion with the Father - mutual love, mutual self-giving, mutual testifying, mutual glorifying
two fold-relationship of Model 3
Relationship between God and humanity realized for us in Chirst, and
R1 - in relationship between Christ and the church
R2 - that we might participate by the Spirit in Jesus's communion with the Father
double movement of grace
1 - God-humanward movement - from the Father, through the Son, in the Spirit
2 - human-Godward movement - to the Father through the Son in the Spirit
-"the heart of dialogue between God and humanity in worship"
Why did the BCC commission feel so strongly that we must return to the Doctrine of the Trinity?
1. We require a better doctine of God v. platonic and gnostic God's
2. We need to recover a better doctrine of the Trinity for a better understanding of worship - pray to each of the three persons, and glorify the entire trinity
3. ..for a better Christian anthropology
What is the three-fold relation of communion established in the gospels according to Torrence?
1. bt Jesus and the Father in the Spirit into which we are drawn to participate
2. bt Christ and His body in the communion of the Spirit (Eucharist)
3. bt the memebers of the body by life and in the Spirit
"analogy of relation"
Karl Barth - theological anthropology of co-humanity (mitmenschlichkeit) on the Trinity