Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5 main periods of Christianity:
1. Beginnings of Persecution
2. Systematic Persecution
3. The Rise of Constantine
4. The Triumph of Imperial Christianity
5. The Division of the Roman Empire
Beginnings of Persecution:
-Christians refused to participate in political tradition.
-They were considered treasoners, conceited, and cannibals.
-Time of Trajan and Nero
Systematic Persecution:
-Christians were treated as scapegoats for all the political problems.
The last persecuting emperor of Rome
Passed the Edict of Toleration, but for political reasons, not for the love of Christianity
-Defeated Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge
-Passed the Edict of Milan
-Called the Council of Nicea
Edict of Milan
Reinforced the Edict of Toleration--It declared that all religions would be tolerated equally and recognized the full legal existence of the Christian church
Council of Nicea
the first general or ecumenical council called because of two warring sides of the church
The Triumph of Imperial Christianity:
-More theological discord
-Large, splendid churches, wealth and power
-2 worst things to ever happen to Christianity were the end of persecution and the elevation of the religion to the official state cult
Julian the Apostate
attempted to reintroduce pagan cults
Theodosius I
made Christianity into the only legal religion of the Roman Empire
The Division of the Roman Empire:
-Papal power increased, extending jurisdiction from ecclesiastical to secular
-Theological disputes.. called the Council of Chandeon
Council of Chandeon
-4th ecumenical council
-called to settle the issue of how the divine and human are joined in Jesus Christ
-only matter exists
-god is a "gaseous fire" present in all things
-humans have the "spark of reason"
-affected Christian ethics
-god is "The One" who has the potentiality for all things
-"The Divine Mind" - the realm of divine ideas
-"The World-Soul" - realm of specific ideas
-the soul is perfect, but has fallen and is trapped and entombed in the body
-human soul is trapped and entombed in the body like in Stoicism
-the soul needs to be released to its original source
-some Gnostics believed Christ was their redeemer
Gnostic idea of intermediaries that try to prevent the soul from returning to its original source
Clement of Rome
-Apostolic Father
-his letter is the earliest example of Rome intervening in the church of another city
-Apostolic Father
-died under Trajan
-"God is true God, and true man"
-developed the Monarchical Episcopate
Monarchical Episcopate
the principle that a local church should be governed by a single bishop
Justin Martyr
-explained Christianity in terms of Platonism
-hierarchical Trinity
Defended 1. Christians as law-abiding citizens
2. no father daughter incest
3. no cannibalism
4. we do not worship a legally executed criminal -- Jesus isn't that
-developed "Spermalogos"
"seeds of faith" - the way pre-Christians possessed similar knowledge of God
-wanted an authoritative list of books
-believed the holy spirit prepares the way for the son, the son for the father, and the father for impurity
First leader of the Catechetical School of Alexandria
Clement of Alexandria
-leader of school
-said the true Gnostic was a Christian
-referred to the trinity in terms of Platonism
-put too much stress on knowledge at the expense of faith
-leader of school
-castrated himself
-compiled the Hexapla
-distinguished between the "body and soul of the text"
-wrote On First Principles
-developed "eternal generation"
compilation of different variations of translations of the Bible
On First Principles deals with:
1. celestial matters
2. earthly concerns
3. psychological questions
4. scripture
eternal generation
continual act -- the son is begotten, not created, they are homousios
of the same substance