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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What draws an opinion based on the past, uses facts of what is known, doesn't use your own opinion, and demands that we read for historical significance?
The Historical Approach to Religion
What usues religious documents written in the particular moment (such as the bible and the influence of the times)?
The Historical Approach to Religion
What places yourself in the religion, is concerned with how God wants us to behave with each other and the sacred, and looks for the ultimate meaning?
The Confessional Approach to Religion
What is defined by the class as, not inherited, rituals and traditions of a community?
Lived Religion
What forces scholars to investigate the mixing of the sacred and profance, spirit and matter?
Lived Religion (Orsi's definition)
What were some sources for Lived Religion?
Sacred Texts, History and traditions, Aftifacts, People, and Encyclopedias
Which kind of stories explain how the world came into being for a specific group and that group's relationship with the land and its inhabitants?
Creation Stories
Creation stories turn the groups homes into what?
Sacred Space
The Indians saw the world as a large kinship network that extended into what?
Past and Future, (Not only with each other, but with the spiritual world too)
(Commonalities)
What did the cyclical version of time mean for the Indians?
They thought they had an oppurtunity to go back and converse with ancestors. (Commonalities)
What was a good source of guidance to the Indians?
Dreams and Visions (Commonalities)
Material things were understood to be what to the Indians?
Holy (Commonalities)
How many Gods did the Europeans believe in?
One (Commonatlities - Europeans)
What was the ghost dance?
It was a vision that one indian had to do a dance that would destroy all white men
What was the result of doing the ghost dance?
Massacre of almost all the indians there by the white men
Who studied law, wrote a famous book called "Institutions of Christian Religion"?
John Calvin
Who said that nothing you do in the earth life determines if you go to heaven or hell?
John Calvin
Who said that you are predestined for heaven, and that church and state must work together?
John Calvin
Who's theology was that there is no immediate connection between God and people, and that God is apart from human existence?
John Calvin
What did the Puritans want to accomplish?
Show England the kind of church it should be, create a "New England", to seperate, making clear distinctions from England
What was the difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans?
The Pilgrims wanted to seperate from England to live according to their dictates, and Puritans were non-seperatists who wanted England to join them in understanding the church.
Who gave a sermon about A city on a hill?
John Winthrop
What did the settlers consider a binding contract?
The Covenant.
Was the covenant a individual or collective goal?
Collective, Whole community
Aboard what ship did this man give the sermon a Model of Christian Charity in 1630?
John Winthrop aboard the Arabella
What does TULIP stand for?
Total Depravity
Unconditional election
Limited Atonement
Irresistible Grace
Perserverance of Saints
What does the T in TULIP stand for?
Total Depravity - Consumed and condemned to sins
What does the U in TULIP stand for?
Unconditional Election - God would save unconditionally
What does the L in TULIP stand for?
Limited Atonement - Jesus died to save predestined people
What does the I in TULIP stand for?
Irresistible Grace - Once you're chosen, you won't be able to refuse God's mercy
What does the P in TULIP stand for?
Perserverance of Saints - Regardless of Earths' troubles Saints will always preserve
What was the name of the woman who was put on trial and eventually ex-communicated from the church and state for coming up with her own theology?
Anne Hutchinson
Who had secret meetings, seduced the mind of the community, taught scripture to men, and doubted the minister?
Anne Hutchinson
Who's theological ideas put an emphasis on democracy: open to everybody, not just elite?
George Whitefield
Who was one of the first celebrities that people recognized?
George Whitefield
Who said that "knowing that honey is sweet, and tasting the sweetness of honey are two different things"?
Jonathan Edwards
What idea stated that the Christian message was a good one, but Jesus' miracles couldn't have happened?
Deism
Which religion believe that there was a God of reason, God set the world in motion and stepped back, and God was the creator of an orderly and rational system of nature?
Deism
Virginia's Act to Establish religious Toleration took away the state's right to what?
Diminish you rights as a citizen based on your religion.
How many times does the constitution mention Religion?
twice (but no mention of god)
What did the bill of rights say about religion?
States could maintain an established religion, but the nation would have no established religion.
What was the nickname of the anglicans that Religion is about learning of new things, very showy?
Old Lights
What was the nickname of the Methodists focused on individual occurrence and individual religion?
New Lights