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49 Cards in this Set

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Holy Roman Emperor(1519-56) during the early years of the Protestant Reformation
Charles V
The head of the Augustinians of Saxony, became Luther's friend, advocate, mentor, and confessor.
Johannes von Staupitz
In 1510 announced an indulgence to pay for the contruction of St. Peter's cathedral in Rome.
Pope Julius II
Sub commisioner of the sale of indulgences.
John Tetzel
German reformer who assisted and supported Martin Luther, and was the primary author of the Augsburg Confession.
Philip Melanchthon
A Lutheran confession of faith composed primarily by the German Humanist and theologian Phillip Melanchthon and approved by Martin Luther.
Augsburg Confession
A legislative assembly.
Diet
A petition of the Peasant Revolt was published by one of several bands of peasants roving the area of Lake Constance.
The Twelve Articles
Swiss reformer and one of the founders of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism, along with John Calvin and John Knox.
Ulrich Zwingli
Members of a variety of sixteenth-century sects that held in common the belief that infant baptism was not valid and that for this reason believeing adults who had been baptized as children must be baptized a second time.
Anabaptist
An articulate homanist living in Zurich at the time of Zwingli, said no justification for infant baptism in scripture.
Conrad Grebel
A Protestant minister in Waldshut, Austria who surprised his congregation in 1525 by declaring his support for the doctrine of rebaptism.
Balthasar Hubmaier
A profession a leather worker who was first a Lutheran, then follower of Zwingli, and finally an Anabaptist.
Melchior Hoffman
Bookbinder and bookdealer, charged with preaching disloyalty to the government.
Has Hut
Of Haarlem taught that the elect were duty-bound to use a bloody sword to eliminate the ungodly in preparation for the return of Christ.
Jan Matthys
Experience teaches that the seed of religion has been divinely planted in all men. But barely one man in a hundred can be found who nourishes in his own heart what he has conceived…Yet that seed remains which can in no wise be uprooted: that there is some sort of divinity; but this seed is so corrupted that by itself it produces only the worst fruits.
John Calvin
Our theologians, however, have neglected to consider the nature of sin and have concentrated their attention upon good works; they have been concerned to teach only how good works might be made secure, but not how with fervent prayers one must humbly seek the grace that heals and how one must acknowledge himself a sinner.
John Calvin
“As Scripture, then, clearly shows, we say that God once established by his eternal and unchangeable plan those whom he long before determined once for all to receive into salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, he would devote to destruction.”
John Calvin
14. “They say that Christ has cleansed and sanctified His church with the washing of water by the Word. Children, they say, belong to the church; therefore they must be cleansed with the washing of the water by the Word. To this we reply: Paul does not speak of infants but of those who hear and believe the Word of the Lord, and so faith are sanctified and cleansed in their hearts, for they are cleansed by the washing of water, as the mouth of the Lord has commanded.”
Menno Simons
Justification . . . is not only a remission of sins but also the sanctification and renewal of the inward man through the voluntary reception of the grace and gifts whereby an unjust man becomes just and from being an enemy becomes a friend, that he may be “an heir according to hope of life everlasting.
Council of Trent
Therefore let us hold this as an undoubted truth which no siege engines can shake: the mind of man has been so completely estranged from God’s righteousness that it conceives, desires, and undertakes, only that which is impious, perverted, foul, impure, and infamous. The heart is so steeped in the poison of sin, that it can breathe out nothing but a loathsome stench.
John Calvin
Just as old or blear-eyed men and those with weak vision, if you thrust before them a most beautiful volume, even if they recognize it to be some sort of writing, yet can scarcely construe two words, but with the aid of spectacles will begin to read distinctly; so Scripture, gathering up the otherwise confused knowledge of God in our minds, having dispersed our dullness, clearly shows us the true God.
John Calvin
Moreover, this passage teaches us that if we would know Christ, we must seek him in the Scriptures. Anyone who imagines Christ as he will, gets nothing but a mere blur (umbratile spectrum). So, we must first hold that Christ is known rightly nowhere but in Scripture.
John Calvin
No; but he is at the same time both a sinner and righteous, a sinner in fact but righteous by virtue of the reckoning and the certain promise of God that he will redeem him from sin in order, in the end, to make him perfectly whole and sound.
Martin Luther
I have made it plain, that Christ is banished from their society, and the doctrine of his gospel exterminated, their charge against us simply amounts to this, that we adhere to Christ in preference to them. For what man, pray, will believe that those who refuse to be led away from Christ and his truth, in order to deliver themselves into the power of men, are thereby schismatics, and deserters from the communion of the Church?.
John Calvin
The Nature of this priesthood and kingship is something like this: First, with respect to the kingship, every Christian is by faith so exalted above all things that, by virtue of a spiritual power, he is lord of all things without exception, so that nothing can do him any harm.
Martin Luther
If these fruits do not follow, we do but mock with God, deceive ourselves, and also other men. Well may we bear the name of Christian men, but we do lack the true faith that doth belong thereunto.
Thomas Cranmer
Thus what is true in regard to Christ is also true in regard to the sacrament. It is not necessary for human nature to be transubstantiated before it can be the corporeal habitation of the divine, and before the divine can be contained under the accidents of human nature. Both natures are present in their entirety, and one can appropriately say: ‘This man is God’: or, ‘This God is man.
Martin Luther
Let us begin by attacking the first wall. To call popes, bishops, priests, monks, and nuns, the religious class, but princess, lords, artisans, and farmworkers the secular class, is a specious device invented by certain time-servers; but no one ought to be frightened by it, and for good reason. For all Christians whatsoever really and truly belong to the religious class, and there is no difference among them except in so far as they do different work.
Thomas Cranmer
If anyone says that the sinner is justified by faith alone, meaning that nothing else is required to cooperate in order to obtain the grace of justification, and that it is not in any way necessary that he be prepared and disposed by the action of his own will, let him be anathema….
Council of Trent
The five doctrines of the Synod of Dort, T for total depravity, U for unconditional election, L for limited atonement, I for irresisitble grace, and P for perserverance of the saints.
TULIP
The policy of Elizabeth I of England regarding religion, it followed a moderate course in condemning extreme forms of Protestantism as well as certain fetaures of Catholicism.
Elizabethan Settlement
(1618-1619) An assembly of Dutch Reformed theologians at the city of Dort convened for the purpose of addressing the views of the Arminians. In defending Calvinism, the synod affirmed five of its major principles: absolute and unconditional election, an atonement whose efficacy is limited only to the elect, the complete depravity of human nature, the irresistibility of grace and the final pererverance of the elect.
Synod of Dort
French Calvinists that engaged in a series of civil wars with Roman Catholics until a compromise settlement was reached with the royal Edict of Nantes(1598). They were given control over certain parts of France, but Roman Catholicism remained the official religion in most regions.
Hugeunots
Dutch reformed theologian. Reacting against the determinism of Calvinism, according to which divine grace is irresistible, stressed the freedom of human beings in accepting grace. Argued that Christ died for all of humanity and not only for the elect.
Jacob Arminius
A system of government that aimed to establish the monarch as supreme within the state.
Royal Absolutism
Protestant Queen of England(1558-1603) and daughter of Henry VIII
Elizabeth I
Anabaptist follower of Jan Matthys, established himself as an autocrat and declared immediate death for insubordination. Declared himelf monarch and messiah.
John of Leiden
The official service book of the Church of England, which contains its liturgy and prayers.
Book of Common Prayer
The Church of England and related chruches that recognize the authority of the see of Canterbury.
Anglican Communion
(1513-72) Swiss reformer and one of the founders of the Reformed tradition along with Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin.
John Knox
presbyter
Greek word meaning elder
A form of ecclesiastical government in which individual chruches are independent and self-governed.
Congregationalism
Oliver Cromwell
(1599-1658) Puritan leader who ruled England as "Lord Protector" from 1654 until 1658
Teresa of Avila
Spanish saint, mystic, and reformer of the Carmelite order.
John of the Cross
Spanish monk and mystic.
Index of Forbidden Books
A list of works considered dangerous to the faith and morals of Roman Catholic Christians.
The doctrines and principles articulated by the Roman Catholic Church in France in 1682 for the purpose of limiting papal influence.
Gallicanism
The tendency within the Roman Catholic Church especially in the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries to assert the supremacy of the papacy in Rome over ecclesiactical organization at national and local levels.
Ultramontanes