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25 Cards in this Set

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Caliph


(Islam)
(Islam) The head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari'ah.
Dhimmi


(Islam)
(Islam) A non-Muslim subject of a state governed in accordance with sharia law.
Hadith


(Islam)
(Islam) Narrations originating from the words and deeds of Muhammad. They were evaluated and gathered into large collections during the 8th and 9th centuries.
Hajj


(Islam)
(Islam) The annual pilgrimage to Mecca. All Muslims are required to make this trip at least once in their lives.
Jihad


(Islam)
(Islam) Classically warfare with the aim of expansion and defense of Islamic territory. Means "struggle."
Shahadah


(Islam)
(Islam) The Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of Allah and acceptance of Muhammad as his prophet.
Sharia


(Islam)
(Islam) The religious law pertaining to how Muslims should live.
Ulama


(Islam)
(islam) The educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studies. They are best known as the arbiters of shari‘a law.
Atman


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) Used to identify the soul whether in global sense or in individual sense. It is one's true self (generally translated into English as 'Self') beyond identification with worldly existence.
Avatara


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) A deliberate descent of a deity from heaven to earth. Is mostly translated into English as "incarnation", but more accurately as "appearance" or "manifestation."
Bhagavad Gita


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) A sacred Hindu scripture. It comprises roughly 700 verses, and is a part of the Mahabharata. The teacher of this scripture is Krishna,
Ramayana


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) An ancient Sanskrit epic. It is attributed to the Hindu sage Valmiki. It is one of the two great epics of India, the other being the Mahabharata. It depicts the duties of relationships.
Brahman


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) The eternal, unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe.
Brahmin


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) The class of educators, doctors, law makers, scholars, priests and preachers of Dharma in Hinduism.
Dharma


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) One's righteous duty, affected by a person's age, class, occupation, and gender.
Yoga


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) Physical and mental meditative practice.
Vedas


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) A large body of texts constituting the oldest scriptures in hinduism. They are supposed to have been directly revealed.
Kali Yuga


(Hinduism)
(Hinduism) The last of the four stages that the world goes through during its cycle. Hindus believe that human civilization degenerates spiritually during this "dark age."
Anatman


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) Refers to the notion of "not-self". The Buddha uses the word in teaching that all things perceived by the senses are not really "I" or "mine", and therefore one should not cling to them.
Arhat


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) The word for a practitioner who had reached nirvana and freed himself from the cycle of rebirth.
Bodhisattva


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) Someone who will eventually attain enlightenment and is currently on the path to liberation.
Dharma


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) The teachings of the Buddha that lead to enlightenment amd the constituent factors of the experienced world (The characteristic of elements)
Engaged Buddhism


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) Refers to Buddhists who are seeking ways to apply the insights from meditation practice and dharma teachings to situations of social, political, environmental, and economic suffering and injustice.
Nirvana


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) The Buddha described this as the perfect peace of the state of mind that is free from craving, anger and other afflictive states (kilesas).
Prajna


(Buddhism)
(Buddhism) Wisdom, understanding, discernment or cognitive acuity. Such wisdom is understood to exist in the universal flux of being and can be intuitively experienced through concentration of the mind.