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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a historical religion
Looks back into history, and points to how God has been active in real time, and in real events
Why is Jewdaism called a religion of Books and Laws
- Studies books to learn how to live and interact with God
What are the three beliefs of Judaism
-History is linear and going someplace
-God created the world. He/She/It is active in the world, and there will be a conclusion
-The Covenant
Name the three parts of the Jewish Bible
Torah (First five books of Bible)
Name of the Jewish Bible
Name the to major periods of time in Jewdaims
Exodus 1250 BC When Moses leads his people to the promised land (Shown to be an example of God's salvation)

Exile 586 BC, when Babylon takes Jerusalem and enslaves them (Said to define Jewish people as People of the book)
Talk about the Ancestors period
?-? BC
• Abraham, and his wife Sarah gave birth to Issac.
• Issac marries Rebecca and she gives birth to Jacob
• Jacob has twelve sons, including Joseph.
o The descendents of Jacob are known as Hebrews, after they are enslaved by the Egyptian Pharoh, when they god food from Joseph (I think they left that out of the musical…)
Talk about the Exodus
(1250 BC)
• Moses and Aaron are send by God to free the slaves. Threatened plagues
o 10 plagues, standing for Passover
 Blood of the lamb on doors. Those without it…Well, you know the story by now
 Unleavened bread was made
• During wandering in desert, at Mt. Sinini, the 10 commandments were given
Talk about the conquest period
• 1000 BC, monarchy (United tribes)
• King Saul
• King David
• King Soloman
Talk about the Divided Kingdom period
921 BC
• Soloman was mean to the people in the North, so there was a civil war
• North kept the name Israel until it was conquered by the Babylonians in 586 BC.
Return of the People and rebuilding of Temple (Date)
558 BC
The year Alex the Great (Date) that he conquered Jews
333 BC
The birth of Hannakkah
 Antiochus IV (175 BC)
• Wanted to be called Epiphanes. The Jews would not do this, as that would infer he was a god.
• Antiochus defiles the temple in response. Jews revolt in 167-164 BC, and win. They clean the temple, and light the candles. (This is where Hanukkah came from)
Hasidim, Denomination
Black cloaks, hats, beards
"The Jewish Amish"
Shtetl: A community of Jews
Baal Shem, TOV, founder of Hasidic denomination
-Started at the beginning of the 19th century
-Tries to understand the ancient faith in modern world
-Worship in venacular (Common lang)
Mosaic (old teachings) can be developed into modern day (No need to eat Kosher foods, no need to oberve Sabboth, not expecting a Messiah)
Orthodoxy - Denomination
Worships in Hebrew
Does eat Kosher food. (Follows the Torah, wear the Yamalka)
Zionism - Denomination
-Said that Jews need the Homeland
-Leader is Theador Herzl
Kibbutz: Collective farming community
Calenar in Judaism is the _____ calendar
New Year Festival
Rosh Hashana (Awakening of the Dead)
New year ends with ____
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) - Holiest day of year
10 Day period during New Year
Days of Awe
Festival of booths. Reminder that Israel has not permanent home and relies on God's protection
Longest and most common Pslams
Prayer that the men speak. It means "Hear" from verse "hear oh Israel, the Lord you God is one" - Death words
Honors Ester, saved Jewish peopel
Celebrates the passing over of God before Moses led people out to promise land
Assimilation into Greek Culture - Issue of division in Jewish church
Two sects of Judaism and what they stand for
Pharisees (No Hellinization and in need of a distinct Jewish culture and Oral Torah exisits)

Sadducees (Allow Hellonization. No need for oral Torah)
Name two parts of the Talmud
Mishnah - Oral teachings
Genera - Commentary on Mishnah
Moses Maimonides, aka ____________
A Guide to the Perplexed, by Rambam, deals with
• Reason and Revelation – Asked what the relationship was
o Wrote a book called “Guide to the Perplexed”
o Said that science is an acceptable practice
o If something is against reason, don’t believe it
 Example: Why believe in miracles?
Kabula Mysticism
• Said that the Torah was a window to God
• Number symbolism, (A=1, B=2, etc)
• Putting together of letters to see that certain words are holy and have special significance.
Two groups that developed when Jews were forced to leave Spain.
o In the 1900s the king and queen of Spain decided to ask all Jews and Muslims to leave nation
o Jews fled to East and Middle Europe
 Middle Europe Jews were called Askenzaim
 Jews who went further were called Sephardim