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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
penance system, most influential thinkers of W, bishop of Carthage
leader rigorist faction in Roman Ch mid 3rd cent
• exclude apostates – those that abandoned the faith when tested
• ultimately defeated by Cyprian of Carthage --- wants more moderate policy
Justin Martyr
o Apologies
o One of 1st thinkers link Greek philo--- ╬ity
 J+ = Logos
 ╬ity best of all philos
 Dressed as a philo, but reasoning in his mind for Bible not human reason
 Beaten and beheaded
o like all above, connections b/t pagan culture and ╬,
• philo useless,
• moral rigorist, very strict,
• 1st to  clear doctrine of Trinity, ed many of terms Latin theology,
• 1st to write in Latin
• Most influential W. until Augustine
• ch = sep from society
• belonged to charismatic Montanist sect
having/pertaining to gifts of HS
Clement of Alexandria
• Little known about his life
• Protrepticus, Paidagogues, Stromata
• links b/c ╬ity Greek philo, goal: ╬ity = ultimate philo, (sim to Justin)
• Logos – informs souls of M/W
o Feminine imagery
• scripture = allegorical
leader of Alexandrian school of theo, allegorical interp of scripture, Castrated himself literally b/c of F student scandal
 185-254
Presbyter – “elder”, clerical position
Greek phil/ --- ╬ (sim Justin and Clement)
But not as into philo as they were
• asceticism – survival w/ min food/sleep, ↓ personal comforts,
• Philo of Platonism
the belief that physical objects are impermanent representations of unchanging Ideas, and that the Ideas alone give true knowledge as they are known by the mind.
• Studied philo of Neoplatonism
Platonic doctrine --- Oriental mysticism, all existence comes from the One with whom the soul may be reunited.
• Alexandrian Middle Platonism – version of Platonism in 1st/2nd cent
Life, Bible scholar, polemicist, translator of Vulgate (stand Latin Bible)
Benedict of Nursia –
• foundation of western monasticism
• Rule of St. Benedict, modern day,
• opus dei- working for God, certain time periods to pray
Irenaeus of Lyons
how Gnosticism was known, bishop of Lyons who denounced it, outlined ideas of apostolic succession, lists 1st few popes, Peter >est authority
Ignatius of Antioch
o Be a martyr if you can
o famous martyr
o letter to churches of Asia Minor, reality of J+’s suffering
title, given to bishops of Rome, Constantinople, Jeru, Antioch and Alexandria
Cappadocian Fathers
- 3 AWESOME theologians of Nicene ╬ity, Basil (“the Great”), Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory of Nazianus,
Saw necessity of preserving “sameness of substance” that →ed Trinity members = while being separate entities
Basil (“the Great”) Caesarea – 330-79, Bishop of Cappadocian Caesarea, theologian, founders E monasticism
Gregory of Nazianus – 329-390, a Cappadocian Father, laid foundations of Orthodox trad
Gregory of Nyssa – 331-395, a Cappadocian Father, mystical theologian, laid foundation Ortho trads
ref to Virgin Mary as “God-bearer”or “Mother of God”, controversial
John Chrysostom
• 347-407
• Bishop Constantinople, theologian,
• One of most influential teachers in antiquity
• Last name = “golden mouthed” b/c skill as preacher
• Augustine’s teacher
• Theologian/bishop of Milan
• Concepts Greek E and Latin church
• One of orig Doctors of CH
• Defended Nicene ╬ity vs Arianism, emperor not above ch, anticipated relat b/t ch/st
confessions, he likes to sin, knows that its what God doesn’t want him to do, doesn’t claim to have all the answers, predestination and original sin ¬
members of Frankish dynasty founded in 751 by Pepin, includes Charlmeagne, western, papal primacy
Donation of Constantine
Constantine’s “own” acct of his conversion, gives Rome pope all power (include W.)
• 742-814
• Frankish king and emperor ruled over W world
• supported monasteries, missionaries
• overthrew the tetrarchy of Diocletian, knew stable church = support gov’t
• had pope Leo III w/ him for a year, defended him
• Δed capital to Constantinople -
medieval practice Δing land for service, homage to >er lord
Early Byz emperor, codification Roman law, attempted reconquest western land, Hagia Sophia
system, secular ruler = authority over Ch too, orign b/t Byz empire ch/state, ruler has authority over ch!
state b/t this life and next
RC church, miracle eucharist →es body and blood of J+
Immaculate Conception
Mary free of her sin at moment of her conception