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101 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abrahamic faiths
christianity, judaism, islam
judaism
recieved their name because they were from judha
sarah
is abraham's wife, gave birth to Issace
Hagar
the servant abraham had ishmael with
issac
product of sarah, split into judaism
ishmael
product of hagar, split into islam
torah
first five books, instructions/laws
torah
Neviim, Kethovim, Tanakh
Neviim
prophets
kethovim
writings
talmud
teachings of the rabbis
Sinai
moses receives the gift of the law at mt sinai, in book of exodus
diaspora
the dispersion of the jews
main groups of judaism
orthodox,conserved, reformed, constructionist, secular
orthodox
men and women worship separate, strict adherence to torah, only men rabbis
conservative
tradtional worship, can have women rabbis, men and women worship together
reformed
about living an ethical life, do not have to do rituals
recontructionist
reforming judaism as a whole way of life
secular
can be born jewish
passover
jewish holiday remembering back to moses and exodus
barmitzvah
celebration for boys
batmitzvah
celebration for girls
shalom
means peace
yarmulke
jewish head wear
tefillin
black box on head and arm, contains scripture
common misunderstandings about jews
jews are the "chosen" people, hanukkha is not the jewish christmas, jews are the christ killers
christianity
begin in palestine/judea/israel, about 2000 ya
christ
greek christos meaning messiah
gospels
matthew, mark, luke, john
anglo-saxon
god spell good news
epistle
someone who writes letters
paul
writes letters/epistle..romans, colossians, ephesians, acts , corinthians
philia
friendship, botherly love
agape
selfless love, charity
incarnation
jesus was god incarnate, fully god and fully man
eucharist
communion, thanksgiving meal
types of christianity
protestant, catholicism, orthodxy
roman catholic
the pope is the teaching authority, church is used as a sacramental agent
protestant
reformed, justification by faith, scripture is the main focus
ways protestants approach scripture
mainline/liberalism- takes scripture seriously but not literally
evangelical- scripture contains no errors, says what it means
fundamentalism- militant conservative, interprets literally, against secularization
islam
religion, peace that comes through surrender to the will of allah
muslims
(moslem) followers of islam, has submitted to the will of allah
muhammad
prophet, was a business man, words of koran were spoken to him by gabriel, told to preach monotheism
quran/koran
sacred writings, not chronological but by lenght, longest to shortest
hijrah
mohammads flight to yathrib
hajj
pilgrimage to mecca
shariah
god's law/the way
muezzin
the one who sings out the call to prayer
umma
worldwide community of muslims
adhan
the call to prayer
minaret
tower from which the muezzin issues the call to worship
mihrab
architectural niche inside the mosque that indicates the direction towards mecca
imam
prayer leader
mecca
where people take their pilgrimmage, in saudi arabia
medina
city of the prophet, where he fled to "yathhrib"
5 pillars
profession of faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, pilgrimmage
kaba
cube area, shrine, meditate on it, in mecca
types of muslims
sunni. shi'a
sunni
follow the prophets example, most muslims are this, imam leads friday prayers
shi'a
party of ali, successor should be blood relative, imam is the divinely guided successor to muhammad
sufi
a mystical movement stresses allah's immanence and the possibility of mystical union with God
nation of islam
blacks against whites, lead by elijah muhammad
ramadan
fast from sun up to sun down, gifts are given and received
id al fitr
feast of breaking the fast
id al adha
feast of sacrafice, remembering god's command to abraham to kill his son
jihad
struggle in the path of God, struggle of believers against idolatry and persecution
Hijab
womens head covering
religious liberty clauses
1st ammendment, establishment clause
1st ammendment
congress shall make no law against speech, religion, ppress...
establishment clause
congress cannot establish religion or not establish relgion
neutrality
cannot favor religion or nonreligion
equal access act
passed by congress but must have limited open forum, nondiscrimination, protection of religious speech, local control
why teach about religion?
religion makes a contribution to historical and cultural literacy, contributes to citizenship in a diverse society, says in public curriculum
how to teach?
fairness and balance, respect other religions, will come up in other topics
dharma
for budhism: the truth
for hinduism: your job, duty
vedas
sacred knowledge, hymns, rituals
puja
acts of showing reverence to god through prayers, songs, rituals
four noble truths
1) all lives are filled with suffering
2) suffering is caused by desire
3)can be an end to suffering if desire stops
4) way to overcome desires is through 8 fold path
nirvana
"quneched, blown out"
therevada
teaching of the elders. some consider it "hinayana"
mahayana
greater vehicle, will take everyone, focuses on buddha teaching
langar
common meal, place
kesh
not cutting hair
kirpan
little sword
kacch
special undergarments
kara
wearing the metal bracelet
Punjab
state in india
hijab
covering or veil
ulama
"the learned" , refers to muslim religious scholars
hadith
collections and sayings of mohammad
seal of the prophets
last prophet, muhammad
pentecost sunday
people were filled of the holy spirit, recognize the gift of the holy spirit
advent
period of waiting for the christian church, waiting for christ to come
lent
40 day period from ash wednesday to easter, to prepare for the holy week
constantine
first christian roman emperor, part of the council of nicaea
heresy
theological or religious ideas that are in opposition or contrary to the christianity
hannukkha
8 day festival, festival of lights, marks the rededication of the temple, flame burned for eight days
council of nicaea
made a creed, called by constantine, to solve disputes over the nature of jesus in relationship to the father
yom kippur
day of atonement, 25 hr fast and prayer, repentance
rosh hashanah
jewish new year,
sh'ma
"hear o israel", first words of part of the torah, begining of many prayers