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99 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Albert Schweitzer
wrote quest of the historical jesus which shattere
Realized eschatology
- belief that events associated with the eschaton are even now being realized or fulfilled by Jesus’ spiritual presence among his followers; Paul’s was imminent.
Ascension
when Jesus goes up to heaven
Jesus’ Post-resurrection/The Great Commission
Jesus tells the disciples wait on the Holy Spirit, then go and make disciples
Matthias
is the replacement of Judas Iscariot who hanging himself for betraying Jesus
Pentacost
event of receiving the Holy Spirit
Glossolia
speaking in tongues; Paul speaking in Aramaic and the audience hearing him in Greek only legitimate w/ an intepreter
Rabbi Gamaliel
grandson of Hillel and teacher of Paul (liberal Pharisees)
Hellenists
against Hebrews in Circumcision; Greek speaking Jews of Diaspora
Stephen
a Hellenist and the 1st martyr of the church (in Acts)
Saul of Tarsas
becomes Paul; wants to spread word to Gentiles
Philip
a disciple and administrator in the church; son of Herod the
Barnabas
Paul’s mentor
Jerusalem Conference
- the big issue is circumcision; the outcome is that Gentiles Christians do not have to be circumcised; but Jewish Christians still have to
-1st conference of the church
Athens
Paul debating Stoic and Epicurean philosophers there
Corinth
Paul and associates founded a church here
Theodicy
explanation for why bad things happen and how God is involved; Acts is not one, but does contain examples
Shammai
conservative Pharisees
Apostle
one who is sent
Disciple
one who follows
Apostle to the Gentiles
Paul
apokalypsis
a private revelation of the post resurrection Jesus to Paul
Paul's use of letter form
The Greeting
• Using the word chairein (greeting), eirēnē(peace) in this form: A to B greeting- Angelica to Julie greeting
• Followed by a wish or prayer for prosperity, and greetings from third parties
• Often chairein was changed to charis (grace) immediately distinguishing the letter as “Christian”
• Christian letters were familiar (personal) as well has familial (family)
Paul's eschatology
said Christ is at once a cosmic figure, who will soon return to judge the world and a being who mysteriously dwells w/i the indiv. believer
justification by faith
belief + works; Jesus' belief in you
Agape
"love" in Greek
w/o this , prophecy, knowledge, power, and self-sacrifice are meaningless
the two ages
The Old Age was before crucifixion and new age is after Parousia
Paul's view of Parousia
it is imminent
Ecstatic speech
Glossolalia- speaking in tongues
Greek doctrine of immortality
Paul doesn't like this doctrine which says immortality of the soul is immediate; In Thessolonians, Paul says that we are waiting on the PArousia, which will begin a new age where we will be resurrected
Hebrew belief in bodily ressurection
physical resrurection of the body
Galatia
province in what is now modern day Turkey; who Galatians was written to
Judiazers
insist on circumcising Gentile converts
Circumcision
Paul is mad that the accept this Jewish idea
Paul's apostolic authority
refer to his "experience" as his authority
Salvation by faith
we are saved by Jesus' belief in us
hamartia
an error of judgment rather than an act of inborn human wickedness
righteousness(justification)
the uncircumcised can achieve justification by having faith in God
Adam and Christ
Adam's disobedience condemned us to permanent separation from God ; Christ counterweights Adam's sin
connection between sin and death
before Jesus, when you died you just "died" physically and mentally, after Jesus you die but not spiritually
original sin
concept that that the entire human race inherited a tendency to sin from Adam
universal salvation
Jesus saves everyone
Philippi
a city in Greece who Philippians was written to
City in which the "prison letters" originated
possibly Rome
Timothy
Paul's friend and co-author of Philippians
Epaphooditues
who the Philippians had sent to assist Paul in prison
Onesimus
Philemon is written to a person, Phil about his runaway slave, Onesimus who is in the company Paul, Paul claims Onesimus as his son, making Phil his uncle, Paul says to treat Onesimus kindly- we are all slaves to everybody. Paul is following Jesus, because Jesus was a slave.
Paul on slavery
doesn't denounce slavery as intolerable evil, yet accepts it as a social fact
Jesus' cosmic role
he is the only ruler over all
Christology
theological interpretation of the nature and function of Jesus
deutero-Pauline writings
letters; not sure if Paul wrote them
authorship of 2 Thess, Col. Eph. and the pastorals
2 Thess. through Col. are vigorously disputed; Ephesians is not by Paul; Pastorals: 1&2 Timothy and Titus are not by Paul
pseudonymity
- writing under another name; not written by Paul, but refers to Paul as the pseudonym
Jesus as "image of God"
Jesus is the new Adam; the image of God that doesn't go astray
Cosmic conflict
Syncretism in the religions of ancient Greece and Rome allowed for the absorption of other deities into a larger framework.
the Pastor
Timothy
Timothy and Titus
Timothy is a companion if Paul, and Titus a companion of Timothy
heresy
an opinion contrary to that officially endorsed by rel. authorities
bishop
presiding officer of a church
deacon
church officer in early Christianity; one who serves
elder
church assistant
the Pastor's view of women
says women should dress modestly , be silent, not teach and are only saved by child bearing
heretics
persons who held opinions of which the elders dissapproved
catholic epistles
universal letters; James, 1&2 Peter, 1&2&3 John, Jude
epislte
letter
dualism
division of body from soul
Plantonism
Greek idea of immortality of the soul
Hebrew's major theme
attempts to show how Christ sacrificial death links the two opposing realms of perishable matter and eternal spirirt
reasons for suffering
Peter describes suffering for the faith ethical
pseudepigrapha
books falsely ascribed to prominent figures of the past
salvation through faith or through good works
Paul believes that faith is works and belief but emphasizes belief in his letters
asceticism
giving up everything physical that you think you need
Melchizedek
was said to be a priest king of Cannanite Salem
Aaron
brother of Moses ans 1st high priest of Isreal
Wisdom literature
biblical works dealing primarily with practical and ethical behavior and ultimate rel. questions
The delayed Parousia
letters say this after Paul
Gnosticism
salvatin is gained through special knowlegde, revealed through a special savior and only given to an elite few
Docetism
belief that Jesus was purely spirit, and only appeared to be human
the incarnation
Christian doctrine that the pre-human son of god became flesh as Jesus of Nazareth
apokalypsis
Greek term for revelation
apocalypse
literary form that deals w/ revealed things using highly metaphorical language
apocalyptic literature
revelation of things you wouldn't know otherwise, usually through highly metaphorical or symbolic lang.
apocalyptic dualism
assumes that God (the good) is fighting the devil (the bad) good vs. evil
Roman emperor cult
cult making the emperor a god
Domitian
emperor after Nero; 1st to institute widespread Christian persecution
position of Christians in Roman society
persecuted
seven churches of Asia Minor
who Revelation is written to; asked if they are participating in the mark of the beast
Armageddon
place of the final battle b/t good and evil
Micheal
an angel in Rev.
war in heaven
cosmic struggle b/t good and evil
the beast
• The opinion of revelation is that Rome is a “grotesque and formidable beast, seeking to devour” the known world
numerology (gematria)
assigning a numerical value to a letter
Nero
• Nero declared Christians “anti-social” and atheistic
• Blamed Christians for burning Roman
• Burned Christians in Rome for their crimes
• Nero committed suicide after the Roman senate declared him “public enemy”; after he died the rumor of Nero redivivus (Nero returning) he would come back to take his position as Roman emperor
methods of interpreting apocalyptic literature
universality, cosmic dualism, chronologic dualism, ethical dualism, predestination, exclusivism…(page 418)
Constantine
Roman Emperor who converted to Christianity and whose reign began the period of state support for the early church
Edict of Milan
issued by Constantine mandating general tolerance of Christianity
Diocletian
-1st emperor to do widespread persecution of Christians
Eusebius
early Christian church historian who looked for early Christian sites
The Trinity
post new testament doctrine that God exists as 3 divine persons-father, son, and holy spirit