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63 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sanskrit
root of all indian languages, oldes language
shramanas
those who exert themself, one who has renounced the world (ascetic)
moksha
hinduism ultimate goal, release of samsara
hinud conception of dharma
caste duty
brahmin
highest level of caste, teaches the veda, made living through alms
the 4 castes
highest to lowest: brahmins,
kshatriyas, vaisyas, sudras, pariahs
pariahs
untouchables
shudras
unskilled workers
vaisyas
skilled workers
kshatriyas
warriors and rulers
bhakti movement
enthusiastic worsip to personal god in the form of song, dance, art, pilgrimage, puja
puja
act of showing reverance to a god/divine being through invocations (prayer, song, rituals), make spiritual connection with god
vishnu
preserver
shiva
destroyer
shakti
feminine god
avatars
incarnation of gods
tilak/tikka
dot on the forehead
where did the name hindu come from?
the outsiders from those who live across/on hindu
ahimsa
the belief of the sacredness of all live beings
vedas
the four books of the hindu sacred writings
omnipresence
everywhere at the same time
omnipotent
all powerful
omniscience
all knowing
mahabharata
past of the vedas, songs of god/lord, orgins of mother india
ramayana
part of the vedas, orgins of mother india
bhagavad vita
part of the mahabharata, has songs, poems, chants, metaphors
siddhartha guatama
the buddha, born a prince, sheltered, saw four passings sights, leaves everything, goes on quest, enlightenment
four noble truths
1) all lives are filled with suffering
2) suffering is caused by craving for worldly things (dukkha)
3) can be an end to suffering if freed from desires
4) through 8 fold path
dukkha
suffering
tanha
desire/craving
dharma for buddhism
the truth/buddha's teachings
8 fold path
1)right views
2) right thought
3) right speech
4) right action
5) right work
6) right effort
7) right mindfulness
8) right concentration
arhat
one who perfects 8 fold path, "noble being"
therevada
teachings of the elders, southeast asia
mahayana
focused on the teachings of the buddha,east asia
bodhisattva
"buddha to be", wants to help others find enlightenment
hinayana
lesser vehicle, therevada
mahayana nickname
greater vehicle
pali
pakrit language
sangha
monastery
sikh
disciple/follower of ten gurus
punjab
particuluar state in NW india
gurdwara
place of worship
Guru Nanak
1st guru, founder
guru gobind singh
last guru
guru granth sahib/adi granth
"guru", holy text
khalsa
sikh brotherhood, alliance of pure, follow 5 k's
5 k's
1) kesh
2) kangha
3) kirpan
4) kara
5) kacch
singh
practicing 5 k's, men take this name, "lion"
kaur
the name women take, "princess"
sikh
disciple/follower of ten gurus
punjab
particuluar state in NW india
gurdwara
place of worship
Guru Nanak
1st guru, founder
guru gobind singh
last guru
kesh
leave hair uncut
kangha
comb worn in hair
kirpan
lil dagger
kara
to wear a steel bracelet
kacch
knee lenght undergarment
langer
the common meal and place
amritsar
location of golden temple
mughal
muslim/islamic impact