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48 Cards in this Set

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The --- in a place can change from day to day.
weather
The (weather, climate) of a place does not change very much.
climate
tropical
warm all year around and rainfall is high
temperate climate zone
winters are cold and summers are warm

moderate amount of rain
Polar climate zones
cold much of the year and little rain or snow falls
climate
the average weather of a region over a long period of time
What are the three main climate zones?
1. tropical
2. temperate
3. polar
In what climate zone does most of the United States fall?
temperate
What are at least two of the factors that affect the climate of an area?
1. distance from the equator

2. nearness to ocean currents
Most deserts are found in --- climates.
tropical
Many desert plants have very long ---.
roots.
In a desert, sand may pile up into tall ---.
dunes
Deserts are places that get more than -- inches of rain in a year.
10
When do desert animals look for food?
at night when it is cooler
A place that gets less than 10 inches of rain in a year is called a ---.
desert
Name a type of desert plant.
cactus
oasis
an area in a desert that has water
What is a common animal in the deserts of Africa and Asia?
camel
dune
tall pile of desert sand
forest
a place where many trees grow
Where is the largest tropical rain forest?
along the Amazon River in South America
What climate zone do deciduous forests grow?
temperate
--- trees stay green all year long.
Evergreen
The climate and the kind of --- make forests different.
soil
More kinds of plants and animals are found in the --- forests than anywhere else on Earth.
tropical rain
--- trees lose all their leaves in the fall.
Deciduous
On the West Coast of the United States, winters are mild land rainfall is ---.
heavy
In tropical climates near the ---, it is warm and wet all year.
equator
What is the climate like in the northeastern United States?
Winters are cold and summers are warm.
What are two kinds of trees that grow in the tropical rain forest?
ebony, mahogany, rosewood
Grasslands are found in both --- and
--- climates.
temperate and tropical
Rainfall in the grasslands is about --- to --- inches per year.
10 to 20
What type of soil do the grasslands usually have?
rich soil
Grasslands contain some of the best --- in the world.
farmland
In Australia, the grasslands are home for ---.
kangaroos
Some grasses are planted by farmers. Many of those grasses are called grains. What are two types of these grains?
wheat, corn, oats
What are three animals that can be found in the grasslands of Africa?
elephants, giraffes, zebras, antelope, and lions
Close to the equator there are --- climates.
tropical
Climates can change as you go from the equator to the ---.
poles
--- is the height of an area above sea level.
Altitude
Altitude
the height of an area above sea level
The high the altitude of an area, the
--- the average temperature of the area.
lower
An area high on a mountain where no trees grow is called an --- ---.
alpine meadow
How do climates change as you go from the equator to the poles?
Close to the equator there are tropical climates. Farther from the equator are the temperate and polar climate zones.
How does climate change with altitude?
The higher the altitude of an area, the lower the average temperature of the area.
The Arctic has a --- climate.
polar
What are the most common animals in the Arctic?
reindeer and caribou
tundra
huge area of plains with no trees.In the winter the soil below the surface of the ground is always frozen