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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ACT OF SUPREMACY
declared King Henry VIII the head of Church of England
ANGLICANISM
Elizabeth I adopted Protestant beliefs: priests allowed to marry; Catholic: symobls like golden crucifix &rich robes
CALVIN
developed Calivinism at Geneva; predestination; salvation through faith alone
CONSUBSTANTIATION
bread &wine undergo spiritual change
COUNCIL OF TRENT
Pope Paul III to reform church &secure reconciliation w/Protestants; reaffirmed 7 sacraments; call for more religious art; salvation by good works &faith
DIET OF WORMS
Charles V; assembly of the estates of the empire; Luther excommunicated
CRANMER
First Book of Common Prayer
EDICT OF NANTES
granted Huguenots liberty of conscience &worship
HUS
Bohemian religious reformer who fuled the Protestant reformation w/his efforts
LOYOLA
Society of Jesus; resisted spread of Protestantism; "Spiritual Exercises"
INSTITUTES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION
written by John Calvin
KNOX
dominated Scotland reform; taught in Geneva by Calvin
JESUITS
led by Loyola; advisors to kings; spread Christianity; educated youths
LUTHER
claimed only 2 sacraments: baptism &communion; denied papal power &absolute rule; salvation through faith
SIMONY
selling of church offices
USURY
pracitce of lendig money for interest
TETZEL
leading seller of indulgences
WYCLIFFE
created English Lollardy; attacked corruption of clergy &questioned power of pope
ZWINGLI
Swiss reformer; infulenced by Christian humanism; banned music &relics from services
BAROQUE
style in art &architecture; emphasized dramtic, curving forms, &balance of parts; associated w/Catholicism
DEFENESTRATION OF PRAGUE
throwing of Catholic officials from a castle window in Bohemia; began 30 yrs war
ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY MASSACRE
mass slaying of Huguenots [Calvinists] in Paris
WAR OF THE THREE HENRYS
Henry of Guise [Catholic]; Henry of Navarre [Protestant]; Henry III [Catholic]; HOG killed by Henry III who was forced to leave; HON converted to Catholicism to keep peace &was declared King Henry IV of France
BOHEMIAN PHASE OF 30 YRS WAR
1st phase; Calvinist demanded freedom from Catholic Habsburg ruler; Defenestration of Prague [out window]; Bohemia becomes Catholic by 1635; Habsburg/Catholic victory
DANSIH PHASE OF 30 YRS WAR
2nd phase; King Christian IV, Protestant leader of Denmark, intervnes to defend Protestants in N. Germany; Habsburg/Catholic victory; Edict of Restitution [Calvinism outlawed &Lutherans required to return all Catholic property seized since 1552
SWEDISH PHASE OF 30 YRS WAR
3rd phase; Adolphus, King of Sweden &Protestant leader intervenes to support fellow Protestants; he dies in Battle of Luetzen; Swedes supported by French; Treaty of Prague [strengthened Habs, weakened power of German princes]; Edict of Restitution revoked; S. Germany remains Catholic; Richelieu provides aid to Sweden as a way to destroy Habs. power
FRENCH-SWEDISH PHASE OF 30 YRS WAR
last phase; French wanted to destroy Habsburg power; Richelieu wants to keep Habs. from becoming too powerful; most destructive phase
COUNCIL OF CONSTANCE
ended the Great Schism
REVIVAL OF INQUISITION
heretics put on trial for religious beliefs &kiloled many of them
ANABAPTISTS
mostly Peasants; idea of adult baptism; sepration of church &state