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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The Catholic Reformation was
a strong reaffirmation of the doctrine and sturcture of the Catholic Church
The Catholic Reformation climaxed at
the Council of Trent
The Catholic Reformation aimed at
correcting the sources of the Reformation
Elements of Catholic Reformation
Education of Priests, Catholic Spirituality (Ignatius Loyola and the Jesuits), Reform of the Papacy
Ignatius Loyola
16th cent Catholic from Spain who started the “Society of Jesus” or Jesuits.
Jesuits concerned with
Education, Theology, Counseling, Casuistry, and Missions
The Council of Trent
19th ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, began December 1545
Began 1545
Council of Trent
Council of Trent produced
the “Profession of the Tridentine Faith” which was issued by Pope Paul IV in 1564 and summarized in the form of a creed many of the conclusions of the Council of Trent.
“Profession of the Tridentine Faith” summarized in the form of a creed
many of the conclusions of the Council of Trent: 1) centered authority in the Papacy 2)reformed the moral life of the church 3) clarified Catholic doctrine on dual authority of scripture and tradition as well as the Catholic position on justification
Views of Lord’s Supper
RC transubstantiation, Lutheran consubstantiation, Zwinglian commemorative, and Calvinistic middle of Luther and Zwingli
Marburg Colloquy was
meeting which attempted to mediate between the different opinions of the Lutherans and Zwinglians over the Lord’s Supper.
Marburg Colloquy date
1529
1529
Marburg Colloquy
Marburg Colloquy players
called by Philipp of Hessen, Luther and Melanchthon vs Zwingli
Philipp of Hessen motivation for Marburg Colloquy
wanted to unite protestant states in political alliance.
Consensus Tigurinus date
1549
1549
Consensus Tigurinus date
Consensus Tigurinus purpose
to bring Protestant movements in Zurich (Zwinglian) and Geneva (Calvinistic) into harmony as a single movement which has been known as “Reformed” – against the Lutheran and Catholic beliefs
Consensus Tigurinus agreed unity on
sacraments as signs of fellowship, seal of grace – but not confering grace, figurative use of “This is my body”
Brought together Calvinists and Zwinglians
Consensus Tigurinus in 1549
Gallican Confession
1559 statement of faith of Reformed Church in France based on draft of confession prepared by John Calvin
1559 statement of faith of Reformed Church in France based on draft of confession prepared by John Calvin
Gallican Confession
Scots Confession
1560 confession of faith written at a turning point in Scottish History by John Knox and six ministers in four days. Sets forth marks of faithful church.
1560 confession of faith written at a turning point in Scottish History by John Knox and six ministers in four days. Sets forth marks of faithful church
Scots Confession
Belgic Confession
1561 written by Guido de Bres in the Netherlands as a defense of the Reformed churches against persecution by the Roman Catholic Church. Oldest creed of the Christian Reformed Church. Adopted by Synod of Dort in 1619 as one of the doctrinal standards of the Reformed churches.
1561 written by Guido de Bres in the Netherlands as a defense of the Reformed churches against persecution by the Roman Catholic Church. Oldest creed of the Christian Reformed Church. Adopted by Synod of Dort in 1619 as one of the doctrinal standards of the Reformed churches
Belgic Confession
Heidelberg Catechism
Written by Zacharius Ursinus and Caspar Olevianus at the request of Elector Frederick III. Adopted and published 1563. Divided into 52 sections so it can be explained to the churches every Sunday of the year. Peter Gabriel set the example of explaining this catechism to his congregation at Amsterdam.
Written by Zacharius Ursinus and Caspar Olevianus at the request of Elector Frederick III. Adopted and published 1563. Divided into 52 sections so it can be explained to the churches every Sunday of the year. Peter Gabriel set the example of explaining this catechism to his congregation at Amsterdam
Heidelberg Catechism
Peter Gabriel set the example of explaining this catechism to his congregation at Amsterdam
Heidelberg Catechism
Second Helvetic Confession
written by Bullinger in 1561 after Zwingli’s death for his own use, it eventually became the Swiss National Confession.
Written by Bullinger in 1561 after Zwingli’s death for his own use, it eventually became the Swiss National Confession
Second Helvetic Confession
Who were the Huguenots?: French protestants who were members of the Reformed Church established by Calvin about 1550
Huguenots
History of Huguenots
1536 – general edict urging extermination 1562 – 1200 slain in Vassey France, igniting 3 decades of wars of religion 1575 – Massacre of St. Bartholomew in which 1000s of Huguenots were killed 1598 - Edict of Nantes ends wars, Huguenots given free exercise of religion in 20 towns 1685 – revocation of Edict of Nantes by Louis VIV increased persecution 200,000 fled to other European countries and America 1787 - Promulgation of Edict of Toleration partially restored civil and religious rights in France
William Tyndale born
England 1494
Studied at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and could speak seven languages
William Tyndale
Skilled in Hebrew and Greek
William Tyndale
Discovered the truths of justification by faith and the priesthood of all believers from Erasmus’ Greek NT
William Tyndale
William Tyndale Discovered the truths of justification by faith and the priesthood of all believers from
Erasmus’ Greek NT
Realized English people were in darkness following errors and superstition because of their ignorance of the Scriptures
William Tyndale
1408 Constitutions of Oxford
had, in an attempt to restrain the influence of Wycliffe’s followers, forbidden anyone from translating or reading the Bible in the language of the people without the Church’s permission.
Had, in an attempt to restrain the influence of Wycliffe’s followers, forbidden anyone from translating or reading the Bible in the language of the people without the Church’s permission
1408 Constitutions of Oxford
Because of the 1408 Constitutions of Oxford
men and women were burned for teaching their children the Apostle’s Cree, Lord’s Prayer, or Ten Commandments in English
Tyndale went to him to seek permission to translate the Bible into English
Bishop of London
When Tyndale went to London to seek permission to translate the Bible into English from Bishop, he came into contact with
merchants smuggling Martin Luther’s works from Germany who encouraged Tyndale to go to continent to translate.
1525
Tyndale’s NT printed and smuggled back to England
Tyndale’s NT printed and smuggled back to England in
1525
Tyndale’s NT was the first
translation of the Bible (or any book) from the original Greek into English
Furious at Tyndale’s translation
King Henry VIII and Sir Thomas More
King Henry VIII and Sir Thomas More
Furious at Tyndale’s translation
Supported Tyndale’s translation
Anne Boleyn, wife of Henry VIII
1534
Tyndale betrayed and thrown in prison – accused of maintaining that faith alone justifies
1534 Tyndale betrayed and thrown in prison – accused of
maintaining that faith alone justifies
Tyndale betrayed and thrown in prison – accused of maintaining that faith alone justifies
1534
1536
Tyndale executed
Tyndale executed
1536
“Lord open the King of England’s eyes”
Tyndale’s prayer just before being strangled and burned
Tyndale’s prayer just before being strangled and burned
“Lord open the King of England’s eyes”
Tyndale killed by
being strangled and burned