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35 Cards in this Set

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allegory
The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.
iambic pentameter
A verse pattern consisting of ten syllables in a poetic line.
anecdote
Usually a brief narrative about an amusing or entertaining incident.
lyric
Of or relating to a category of poetry that expresses subjective thoughts and feelings, often in a songlike style or form.
ballade
A fixed French from popular in the 14th and 15th centuries.
meter
The rhythmical arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables in poetry.
canticle
A song or chant, especially a nonmetrical hymn with words taken from a biblical text other than from the Book of Psalms.
neoclassicalism
An imitation of teh style identified with the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.
classical
Used generally to describe a period of high literary achievement.
onomatopeia
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning.
elegy
A lyric poem usually formal in tone and diction, lamenting death.
personification
A figure of speech in which something inanimate is giving animate qualities.
epigram
A short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation.
simile
A figure of speech which describes something by comparing it explicitly with something else.
fable
A brief narrative, often with a stated moral, and often having animals or inanimate objects as characters.
sonnet
A short lyric verse from popular in the West since the Renaissance.
satire
Writings that hold human weaknesses or wrongdoings up for ridicule or contempt.
myth
Usually a story that has a god as a character and contains some imaginary explanation for the origins of the human and natural worlds.
surrealism
A 20th-century literary and artistic movement that attempts to express the workings of the subconscious and is characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtaposition of subject matter.
existentialism
A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts.
tragedy
A drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances.
humanism
A system of thought that centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth
alliteration
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, as in “on scrolls of silver snowy sentences” (Hart Crane). Modern alliteration is predominantly consonantal; certain literary traditions, such as Old English verse, also alliterate using vowel sounds.
irony
The use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal meaning.
ballad
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in “a sea of troubles” or “All the world's a stage” (Shakespeare).
blank verse
Verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter.
mnemonics
A system to develop or improve the memory.
canto
One of the principal divisions of a long poem.
naturalism
Factual or realistic representation, especially:
The practice of describing precisely the actual circumstances of human life in literature.
The practice of reproducing subjects as precisely as possible in the visual arts.
eclogue
A pastoral poem, usually in the form of a dialogue between shepherds.
ode
A lyric poem of some length, usually of a serious or meditative nature and having an elevated style and formal stanzaic structure.
epic
An extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feats of a legendary or traditional hero.
pastoral
Of or relating to shepherds or herders.
symbolism
The practice of representing things by means of symbols or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships.