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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Lincoln's reconstruction plan
ten percent of those voting swore loyalty to the Union and then they could be reconstructed.
ten percent
moderate republicans
wanted to rejoin with the south quickly and painlessly. Lincoln.
moderate
Radical Republicans
wanted to make sure change was done
Radical
Wade- Davis Bill
A bill made by the Radical republicans that was never passed but showed the tension between congress and the president.
tension
Special Order 15
General Sherman issued Special order 15 because too many people were following the army in support, so he took abandoned land and gave it to freed families.
forty acres and a mule
Andrew Johnson
Took the presidency when Lincoln is assasinated. He was a southern white democrat who didn't care about slavery and hated the elite.
southern boy
Johnsons revenge
took away the elite's right to vote and gave them pardons if they beg
Elite
1865
everything is back to normal, everyone has a government and the old confederates were back in power,
The north becomes angry
Black Codes
States way to force black people to work for slave owners.
cheating
Congressional reconstruction
President vetos two peices of legislation.
more tension
Civil rights bill- 1866
Bill not passed. It would have givrn protection and basic citizenship rights but was denied because he did not think it was the fed. government's job to do.
basic rights
Extension of the freeman's bureau
a legislature that would continue helping freed men
Free men
Radical reconstruction/ Military/ congressional
March 1867, divided the south into five divisions with a general in charge of each division in order to ensure basic rights for freed men,
what's right is right
Tenure of office act
a political act, battle between congress and the president
political battle
Suffrage movement splits
Susan B. ANthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Vs. Lucy STone and Henry Blackwell
girl power
What did Freed men do after being free?
change social mores, try to farm/own farms, run for public office, find family... ext
social mores and family
Statistcs in politics
4/5 republicans were Black, while 4/5 of the representatives were white
positions in politics
Force acts 1870- 1871
Lawsto help stop the terrorists, KKK
KKK
Democratic "redeemtions"
people who considered themselves redeemers saw themselves as saving the south. Over tome a mix between tax and the violence swng the politics towards Democrats.
unhappiness
1875- President Grant
He refuses to send troops to help stop the KKK because he's sick and tired of it.
I'm done with this
Liberal Republicans
Laisse- faire and sick of the corruption from President Grant.
down with corruption
Legacy of recontruction
Sharecropping, poor prople, agricultural....
poor farmers
Politics of Reconstruction
Democrats, retreat from strong fed. government role, segregation and disenfranchisement.
"solid south"
Disenfranchisement
Not allowing someone to vote
voting
Fredrick Jackson Turner
Started the Romantic version of the west. He wrote the Frontier thesis.
Thesis
in the 1890 the US bureau said the Frontier was closed, no more usefullness. Why did people like Turner disagree?
They believed the the west was the American charecter. That it was full of endless possibilities, it was individualistic and full of courage.
It was an amazing adventure
reality of the west
The west is tied to the east. Western expansion is because of the industrialization.
not becasue of adventure?
Transcontinental Railroad
It did many things. It helped with trade, transportation and changed the industry with mass production. Finished in 1869 It also gave mail, more people, catalogs and standardized time.
Industry
Homestead Act of 1862
Gave people land.
land
New Farming
New machines and land. People were generally commercial farmers.
techniques
Grange, 1867
A group to help farmers in the west and helped cut down on isolation.
friends
"Indian" war background
The Native Americans had many nations they were all diffrent so they couldn't unite as one, They were pushed further and further west, and treaties were made and broken quickly.
why things happened the way they did.
General Sherman's policy
He convinced nations to move onto a reservation and then weakened the nation.
trick
Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, 1862
The Sioux refused to go on a reservation and fought, killing many white people. General pop was sent and ends the uprising, 303 Sioux were going to be executed, but Lincoln pardoned all but 38.
huge trial
Sand Creek Massacre, 1864
Shian and Irrapahoe were tired of people going on the land for gold and a fight happened. The native AMercan's sued for peace but the army still attacked and killed 450.
Invasion
Custer's last stand 1876
The black hills were the Sioux, it was agrred but people wanted to mine on it, but the Sioux refused to allow it. Eventually Grant takes it by force but is stopped. It is the last victory for the Native Americans
Custer....
Views on Native Americans
"Indian schools" and reformers want to help others just want to kill the native americans
reformers
Dawes act, 1887
Sells reservation land to non Native Americans and gives land to Native Americans, but they aren't allowed to sell it.
Land
Ghost Dance
Waucka believed if they did the ghost dance then they could fight the white people would go away,
protection
Wounded Knee
An end to the "Indian" wars. every Sioux in wounded knee are killed