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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Reconstruction
a period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War
Freedmen
freed slaves (former slaves)
13th Ammendment
ended slavery
14th Ammendment
Civil Rights
15th Ammendment
being able to vote should not be based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude (right to vote)
Andrew Johnson
17th president
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan to reconstruct the Union by re-admitting Southern states
Wade-Davis Bill
Reconstruction plan passed by Republicans but Lincoln vetoed it
Freedmen's Bureau
Government agency that helped freed slaves
Alexander Stephens
Vice president of Confederacy
Black Codes
Set of laws that limited the rights of freedmen. Passesd by Southern legislatures after the war
Impeach
Bring charges against an official such as a president
Radical Republicans
group of Republicans in Congress who wanted to protect the rights of freedmen in the South and keep rich Southern plantations out of power
(took things to the extreme)
Moderate Republicans
Part of the Republican that didn't take things to the extreme
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general/became 18th president
Scalawag
White southerner who supported Radical Republicans
Carpetbagger
name for a northerner who went to the South during Reconstruction
Sharecropper
farmer who warks land owned by another and gives the land-owner a share of the crop at harvest time
Conservatives
Southern democrats who wanted to go back to the way of life before the Civil War
Ku Klux Klan
secret group first set up in the South after the war. Members terrorized blacks and other groups they hated.
Racism
belief that one race is superior to another
Lynch
to murder or kill by mob
Poll tax
fee paid by a voter in order to vote
Literacy Test
a reading test formerly used in some Southern states to prevent African Americans from voting
Segregation
the separation of people on the basis of race
Grandfather Clause
kept African Americans from the polls; exused from poll tax or literacy test if father or grandfather voted before 1866
Samuel Tilden
was democratic candadite
Rutheford B. Hayes
was republican candidate and won
Election of 1876
ended reconstruction and Hayes (republican candidate) won
Popular Vote
the people's most known vote
Electoral Vote
each state gets a certain amount of votes based on representatives in Congress
Jim Crow Laws
laws to separate whites and blacks in public and private facilities
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal of races in public accomodations was legal in 1896
Pocket Veto
Presidtn doesn't veto, holds onto the bill until Congress lets out
Corruption
wrong-doing