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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds with repetition of consonants
caesura
a pause or sudden break in a line of poetry
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds, not limited to first letters of words
couplet
two lines of verse the same length that usually rhyme
end rhyme
the rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
enjambment
the running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another
foot
the smallest repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poetic line
free verse
poetry that doesn't have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
heroic (closed) couplet
consists of two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought
internal rhyme
when rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry
lyric
short verse intended to express emotions of author; quite often, these lyrics are set to music
meter
the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning
refrain
the repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza, in a song, can be called chorus
repetition
the repeating of a word, phrase, or idea for emphasis or for rhythmic effect within a poem or prose
rhyme
the similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words
perfect rhymes
"sat and cat" vowel and final consonant sounds are exactly alike
rhymed verse
verse with end rhyme; usually has regular meter
rhythm
the ordered or free occurances of sound in poetry (ordered or regular rhythm--metered, free occurance of sound--free verse)
sonnet
poem consisting of 14 lines of iambic pentameter; 2 popular forms: Italian(Petrarchan), Shakespearean(English)
speaker
point of view from which the poem is being told
stanza
division of poetry named for number of lines it contains: 2-couplet, 3-triplet, 4-quatrain, 5-quintet, 6-sestet, 7-septet, 8-octave
theme
statement about life a particular work is trying to get across to the reader
tone
overall feeling, or effect created by a writer's use of words
metaphor
comparison of two unlike things with no comparison word used
simile
comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison is used
imagery
the words or phrases an author selects to create a certain picture in the reader's mind, usually based on the sensory details
symbol/symbolism
person, place, thing, or event in literature used to represent something else
hyperbole
an exaggeration, or overstatement
personification
a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person