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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A comparison based on a similarity in some detail between things that are otherwise unlike
analogy
Words that mean opposite things
antonyms
The people for whom a piece of writing is intended
audience
A writer’s reason for creating a work
author's purpose
The person, action, or event that makes something else happen and what happens as a result of the event or action
cause and effect
Animals, people, or imaginary creatures that take part in the action of the story
characters
The arrangement of details in time order.
chronological
The most exciting and important part of the story
climax
Pointing out similarities between two or more things
compare
An overall opinion that you form after reading a passage
conclusion
Main problem facing a story’s main character or characters; usually introduced at the beginning of a story
conflict
Meanings that a word has acquired through use
connotation
The words that come before and after a particular word in a passage
context clues
Pointing out differences between two or more things
contrast
The dictionary meaning of a word
denotation
The conversations carried on between characters in a piece of writing
dialogue
A statement than can be proven true or false
fact
A story that is the product of imagination rather than a documentation of fact
fiction
Language used in writing to make it more expressive
figurative language
In this point of view, the story is told by one of the characters
first person
A graphic organizer that shows sequence
flow chart
A category of books
genre
A visual aid, such as a chart or timeline, that helps to present information
graphic organizer
An exaggeration or overstatement for effect
hyperbole
An expression that can’t be understood simply by knowing the literal meaning of the words in it
idiom
A determination that you make, based on information and evidence provided in a passage
inference
This is what a selection is mostly about. It can be expressed as a summary of the text and is explained further with supporting details.
main idea
A figure of speech that points out the similarities of two different things without using the words “like” or “as”
metaphor
The emotion a writer intends for the reader to feel
mood
Writing that is not fictional and is usually written to explain, argue, or describe
nonfiction
Words that sound like the object or action described
onomatopoeia
A viewpoint or personal belief that cannot be proven true or false
opinion
Text organization in which the most important fact is presented first
order of importance
Giving human qualities to an object or abstract idea
personification
The action or sequence of events in a story
plot
Writing that uses literary elements, such as rhyme, to present ideas or experiences to the reader
poetry
The vantage point from which a story is told
point of view
A reasonable guess about what will happen next in a story
prediction
Syllables added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word
prefix
The last part of a story, where you find out how everything turned out
resolution
Events in a story after the conflict but before the climax (usually most of the story!)
rising action
The time and place in which the action of a story occurs
setting
A comparison of two different things, using either “as” or “like” as a connecting word
simile
A grouping of lines in a poem, similar to a paragraph
stanza
Syllables added to the end of a root word to form a new word
suffix
A brief description of a story or event, identifying the main idea of the passage and the most important details, using your own words
summary
Additional descriptions, explanations, and details that help to strengthen the author’s point
supporting details
Literary device that uses one, usually concrete, thing to stand for another, usually abstract, thing
symbolism
Words that have the same (or almost the same) meaning
synonyms
The general meaning or “life lesson” of a story (Many stories have more than one!)
theme
In this point of view, the story is told by a narrator who stands outside the story and observes the events as they unfold
third person
A base word that is used to make a bigger word
root word