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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
active voice
A verb form in which the subject of the verb carries out some action
He hit the ball
affix
A bound (nonword) morpheme that changes the meaning or function of a root or stem to which it is attached, such as the prefix ad- and the suffix -ing in adjoining
alliteration
The repetition of the same sound, usually of a consonant, at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other or at short intervals
The repetition of f and g in fields ever fresh, groves ever green
alphabetic principle
The assumption underlying alphabetic writing systems that each speech sound or phoneme of a language should have its own distinctive graphic representation
analogy
A resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike
anecdotal scripting
The systematic recording of behavioral incidents cited in a literary work for purposes of organization and clarity
annotated bibliography
The inclusion of additional comments in the works listed in the standard bibliography
antecedent
A word, phrase, or clause to which a following pronoun refers
Iris tried, but she couldn't find the book. Iris is the antecedent of she
appeal to reason
A call upon the reader's faculty to think in a rational way to persuade his or her thoughts
appeal to authority
A call upon an individual or other source as an expert to strengthen an argument made by the author of a work
appeal to emotion
The ad populum approach is a common fallacy in arguments. Instead of presenting evidence in an argument, it relies on expressive language and other devices calculated to incite enthusiasm, excitement, anger, or hatred
appeal to pathos (pity)
A common fallacy in arguments, the ad misericordiam approach is a special case of the appeal to emotion in which the altruism and mercy of the audience are the special emotions to which the speaker appeals
appositive
A word or phrase that restates or modifies an immediately preceding noun
Note: An appositive is often useful as a context clue for determining or refining the meaning of the word or words to which it refers. Example: My son Enrico (appositive) is twelve years old.
archetypal criticism
The study of apparent perennial images, themes, symbols, stories, and myths in literature, including narratives that unite the seasons with literary genres
archetype
The original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies; a perfect example