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13 Cards in this Set

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types of diuretics
CA inhibitors (PCT)
osmotic (mannitol)
Loop (furosimide/lasix)
thiazides (DCT)
K sparing (CT)
-aldosterone antagonists (spironalactone)
-Na channel inhibitors
(amileride, triamterene)
SE of CA inhibitors
(acetazolamide/diamox)
metabolic acidosis
use of acetazolamide
(CA inhibitor)
angle glaucoma
mountain sickness
metabolic alkalosis
-but get calcifications
use of osmotic diuretics
(mannitol)
cerebral edema
(tumor, BI)
SE osmotic diuretics
(mannitol)
expand ECF
increase GFR

-hypernatremia
-hemodilution

leads to hypernatremic dehydration if not water replaced
EC fluid expansion is SE of...
mannitol
use of loop diuretics
(furosemide)
excrete Ca & Mg
severe edema
-CHF, cirrhosis, nephrotic synd
SE of loops
hypocalcemia
use of thiazides
HTN
mild edematous
hypercalcuria
diabetes insipidus
(lack ADH from pit or nephrogenic)
SE thiazides
impaired glucose tol
increase total LDL
hyponatremia
hypokalemia
causes of DI
pit damage (low ADH)
nephrogenic (less effect of ADH)
use for spironalactone
mild edema
combo to prevent hypoK
metabolic alkylosis

(same for triamterone & amiloride)
SE for spironalactone
antiadronergic effect
-gynecomastia
-hirsutism