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45 Cards in this Set

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rapport
emotional closeness; harmony.
all teachers in the group have good rapport with one another.
rapt
absorbed; enchanted.
caught up in the wonder of the storyteller's tale, the rapt listeners sat motionless, hanging on his every word.
rapere "seize"]
rarefied
made less dense (a gas).
the mountain climbers had difficulty breathing the rarefied atmosphere.
rarefy, rarefaction
rarus "scarce" + facere "do"
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises.
...a genius with a gift for ratiocination, made him a superb detective.
ratio "calculation, thought"
ravel
fall apart into tangles; unravel or untwise; entangle.
the entire scarf started to ravel after a single thread pulled loose.
Synonyms: tangle, knot, twist, snag, catch, snarl, entrap
Antonym: untangle
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides.
raze
destroy completely; to scrape or shave something off something else.
to raze a building is to tear it down.
<raser "shave off"
rebate
discount.
We offer a rebate of ten percent to those who pay cash.
rebuff
snub; beat back.
She rebuffed his invitation so smoothly that the did not realize he had been snubbed.
Synonyms: rejection, refusal, snub, slight, denial, putdown
Antonym: acceptance
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely.
she rebuked fim for his misconduct.
Synonyms: reproach, reproof, censure, reprimand, scolding, admonition, telling-off, lecture, criticism, slap on the wrist
Antonym: compliment
recalcitrant
obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly.
which animal do you think is more recalcitrant, a pig or a mule?
recalcitrare "kick back" (used of horses) < calcitrare "kick (with the heels)" < calc- "heel"]
Synonyms: unruly, intractable, refractory, disobedient, wayward, headstrong, obstinate, unmanageable, noncompliant, stubborn, uncooperative

Antonym: cooperative
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error.
Hoping to make Joan of Arc recant her sworn testimony, her English captors tried to convince her that her visions had been sent to her by the Devil.Synonyms: take back, renounce, repudiate, disavow, retract, withdraw, deny, revoke

Antonym: avow
< Latin recantare "sing back" < cantare "sing"]
recapitulate
summarize.
let us recapitulate what has been said thus far.
recapitulare "restate by chapters" < capitulum "chapter";
Synonyms: sum up, recap, summarize, run through, review, go over, repeat, reiterate
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story); fashion again.
let me recast this sentence in termns your feeble brain can grasp.
Synonyms: reorganize, alter, change, re-form, modify, vary, re-present
recidivism
habitual return to crime.
Prison reformers are disturbed by the high rate of recidivism.
Latin recidivus "falling back" < recidere "fall back" < cadere "fall"]
recondrite
abstruse; profound; secret.
He read many recondite books to obtain the material for his scholarly thesis.
Synonyms: obscure, abstruse, complex, out-of-the-way, little known, esoteric, hidden, concealed

Antonym: mainstream
recondere "store away" < condere "store, hide"]
reconnaissance
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering.
If you encounter any enemy soldiers during your reconnaissance, capture them for questioning
reconnaistre
< Latin recognoscere "know again" < cognoscere "know"]
Synonyms: investigation, scouting, inspection, exploration, survey, recce
recourse
resorting to help when in trouble; use of others for assistance.
The boy''s only recourse was to appeal to his father for aid.
Can we resolve our financial problems without recourse to further borrowing?

Synonyms: option, remedy, way out, choice, route, resort, alternative
recrimination
countercharges (an accusation that somebody accused of a crime makes against the accuser)
loud and angry recriminations were her answer to his accusations.
Synonyms: accusation, blame, reproach, allegation, retort, retaliation

Antonym: appeasement
rectitude
uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment.
The Eagle Scout was a model of rectitude.
rectus "straight, right"]
Synonyms: righteousness, morality, goodness, correctness, decency, integrity, uprightness

Antonym: immorality
recumbent
reclining; lying down completely or in part.
a colossal recumbent statue.
recumbere "lie back" < -cumbere "lie down"]
Synonyms: lying down, lying back, reclining, horizontal, leaning, resting

Antonym: upright
redolent
fragrant; odorous; suggestive of an odor; suggestive or reminiscent of something.z
Even though it is February, the air is redolent of spring.
redolere "smell strongly" < olere "to smell"]
Synonyms: suggestive, evocative, reminiscent, indicative, recalling
Synonyms: scented, odorous, aromatic, fragrant, sweet-smelling, perfumed, smelling
redress
remedy; compensation.
Do you mean to tell me that I can get no redress for my injuries?
Synonyms: compensation, reparation, damages, recompense, reimbursement, amends
directus "straight"
refractory
stubborn; unmanageable.
The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey.
Synonyms: headstrong, stubborn, rebellious, obstinate, intractable, recalcitrant, wayward, noncompliant, unruly, unmanageable, disobedient

Antonym: placid
refulgent
brightly shining; gleaming.
polised the kinight's armor until it gleamed in the light like the refulgent moon.
Synonyms: brilliant, shining, bright, sparkling, glittering, lustrous

Antonym: dull

refulgere "shine back, reflect" < fulgere "shine, flash"]
regal
royal.
the prince had a regal manner.
regalis < reg-, "king"
Synonyms: royal, majestic, imperial, stately, noble, magnificent, kingly
regale
entertain.
he regaled us with tales of his adventures.
Synonyms: entertain, amuse, delight, divert, ply
régaler "entertain," literally "give pleasure again" < Old French gale "merriment, pleasure"]
regicide
murder of a king or queen.
The beheaing of the Queen was an act of regicide.
reg- "king"
cide = kill
regimen
prescribed diet and habits.
living uder a strict regimen.

Synonyms: routine, schedule, treatment, regime, course of therapy, procedure, program

Latin regimen "rule, government" < regere "to rule"]
rejoinder
retort; comeback; reply.
When someonse has been rude to me, I find it particularly satisfying to come up with a quick rejoinder.
Synonyms: response, answer, reply, comeback, retort, riposte, return
remediable
reparable.
let us be grateful that the damage is remediable.
remedium "medicine"
curable, correctable, mendable, repairable, fixable, improvable
remiss
negligent.
the guard was accused of being remiss in his duty.
Synonyms: careless, negligent, lax, slipshod, inattentive, thoughtless, inconsistent, slapdash

Antonym: diligent
remisssion
temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; forgiveness or pardon.
his symptoms were in remission...
The afternoon sun beat down without remission.
Synonyms: reduction, decrease, lessening, diminution, cutback, retardation
remnant
remainder
I suggest that you wait until the store places the remnants of these goods on sale.

Synonyms: remainder, remains, relic, leftover, residue, trace, vestige, scrap, end, last part
remanere < manere "to stay"
remonstrance
protest; objection; a forceful argument for/against something.
The authorities were deaf to the pastor's remonstrances about te lack of police protection in the area.
Synonyms: argument, evidence, backup, proof, case, point
Synonyms: protest, complaint, objection, petition, dispute, civil disobedience
remediable
reparable.
let us be grateful that the damage is remediable.
remedium "medicine"
curable, correctable, mendable, repairable, fixable, improvable
remiss
negligent.
the guard was accused of being remiss in his duty.
Synonyms: careless, negligent, lax, slipshod, inattentive, thoughtless, inconsistent, slapdash

Antonym: diligent
remisssion
temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; forgiveness or pardon.
his symptoms were in remission...
The afternoon sun beat down without remission.
Synonyms: reduction, decrease, lessening, diminution, cutback, retardation
remnant
remainder
I suggest that you wait until the store places the remnants of these goods on sale.

Synonyms: remainder, remains, relic, leftover, residue, trace, vestige, scrap, end, last part
remanere < manere "to stay"
remonstrance
protest; objection; a forceful argument for/against something.
The authorities were deaf to the pastor's remonstrances about te lack of police protection in the area.
Synonyms: argument, evidence, backup, proof, case, point
Synonyms: protest, complaint, objection, petition, dispute, civil disobedience
remunerative
compensating; rewarding.
I find my new work so remunerative that I may not return to my previous employment.
remunerari "reward" < munus "gift"]
Synonyms: profitable, lucrative, rewarding, useful, paid, productive, advantageous, beneficial, remunerative
Antonym: unprofitable
rend
split; tear apart.
In his grief, he tried to rend his garments.

Synonyms: tear, tear apart, rip, come apart, split, slash, shred, slit

Antonym: mend
render
deliver; provide; represent.
He rendered aid to the needy and indigent.
put somebody or something in particular state: His actions rendered us powerless.
reddere "give back" < dare "give"
rendition
translation; artistic interpretation of a song.
The audience cheered enthusiastically as she completed her rendition of the song.
reddere "give back" < dare "give"
Synonyms: version, interpretation, rendering, execution, delivery, performance
renegade
deserter; traitor.
The renegade abandoned his post and joined forces with the Indians.
Synonyms: apostate, traitor, rebel, turncoat, betrayer, defector, deserter
Antonym: loyalist.
renegare "deny"