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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Condition:
Absence seizures
Common Treatments:
Ethosuximide
Condition:
Acute gout attack
Common Treatments:
NSIDs, colchicine
Condition:
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
Common Treatments:
All-trans retinoic acid (vitamin A)
Condition:
ADHD
Common Treatments:
Methylphenidate, amphetamines
Condition:
Alcohol abuse
Common Treatments:
AA+disulfiram for patient and Al-anon for family
Condition:
Alcohol withdrawal
Common Treatments:
Benzodiazepines
Condition:
Anorexia
Common Treatments:
SSRIs
Condition:
Anticoagulation during pregnancy
Common Treatments:
Heparin
Condition:
Anxiety
Common Treatments:
Busprione
Condition:
Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue
Common Treatments:
Class 1B antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)
Condition:
B12 deficiency
Common Treatment:
B12
Condition:
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Common Treatment:
Tamsulosin, finasteride
Condition:
Bipolar disorder
Common Treatment:
Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine (mood stabilizers)
Condition:
Breast cancer in postmenopausal women
Common Treatment:
Aromatase inhibitor
Condition:
Buerger's disease
Common Treatment:
Smoking cessation
Condition:
Bulimia
Common Treatment:
SSRIs
Condition:
Candida albicans
Common Treatment:
Amphotericin B (systemic, nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitis)
Condition:
Carcinoid syndrome
Common Treatment:
Octreotide
Condition:
Chlamydia trachomatis
Common Treatment:
Doxycycline (+ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)
Condition:
Chronic gout
Common Treatment:
Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol (overproducer)
Condition:
Chronic hepatitis
Common Treatment:
IFN-alpha
Condition:
chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Common Treatment:
Imatinib
Condition:
Clostridium botulinum
Common Treatment:
Antitoxin
Condition:
Clostridium difficile
Common Treatment:
Oral metronidazole
Condition:
Clostridium tetani
Common Treatment:
Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam
Condition:
Crohn's disease
Common Treatment:
Corticosteroids, infliximab
Condition:
Cryptococcus neoformans
Common Treatment:
Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)
Condition:
Cystic fibrosis
Common Treatment:
N-acetylcysteine + antipsudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)
Condition:
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Common Treatment:
Ganciclovir
Condition:
Depression
Common Treatment:
SSRIs (first-line)
Condition:
Diabetes insipidus
Common Treatments:
Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)
Condition:
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Common Treatments:
Dietary intervention (low-sugar) + insulin replacement
Condition:
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Common Treatments:
Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemic, and insulin (possible)
Condition:
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Common Treatments:
Fluids, insulin, K+
Condition:
Enterococci
Common Treatments:
Vancomycin/amicillin + aminoglycoside
Condition:
Erectile dysfunction
Common Treatments:
Sildenafil
Condition:
ER-positive breast cancer
Common Treatments:
Tamoxifen
Condition:
Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication
Common Treatments:
Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)
Condition:
Folate deficiency
Common Treatments:
Folate
Condition:
Haemophilus influenzae (B)
Common Treatments:
Rifampin (prophylaxis)
Condition:
Hemorrhagic cystitis
Common Treatments:
Mesna
Condition:
Heparin toxicity (acute)
Common Treatments:
Protamine sulfate
Condition:
HER2/neu-positive breast cancer
Common Treatments:
Trastuzumab
Condition:
Hyperaldosteronism
Common Treatments:
Sironolactone
Condition:
Hypercholesterolemia
Common Treatments:
Statin (first-line)
Condition:
Hypertriglyceridemia
Common Treatments:
Fibrate
Condition:
Immediate anticoagulation
Common Treatments:
Heparin
Condition:
Infertility
Common Treatments:
Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile)
Condition:
Influenza
Common Treatments:
Amantadine/rimantadine
Condition:
Legionella pneumophila
Common Treatments:
Erythromycin
Condition:
Long-term anticoagulation
Common Treatments:
Warfarin (coumadin)
Condition:
Malaria
Common Treatments:
Chloroquinine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)
Condition:
Malignant hyperthermia
Common Treatments:
Dantrolene
Condition:
Medial abortion
Common Treatments:
Mifepristone
Condition:
Migrane
Common Treatments:
Sumatriptan
Condition:
MRSA
Common Treatments:
Vancomycin
Condition:
Multiple sclerosis
Common Treatments:
Beta-interferon (INF-Beta)
Condition:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Common Treatments:
RIPES (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin)
Condition:
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Common Treatments:
Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia infection)
Condition:
Neisseria meningitidis
Common Treatments:
Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)
Condition:
Neural tube defect prevention
Common Treatments:
Folate
Condition:
Osteomalacia/rickets
Common Treatments:
Vitamin D supplementation
Condition:
Patent ductus arteriosus
Common Treatments:
Indomethacin
Condition:
Pheochromocytoma
Common Treatments:
alpha-antagonists before removal
Condition:
Pneumocystis jiroveci
Common Treatments:
TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)
Condition:
Prolactinoma
Common Treatments:
Bromocriptine (dopamine agonist)
Condition:
Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids
Common Treatments:
Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)
Condition:
Prostate carcinoma
Common Treatments:
Flutamide
Condition:
Psudomonas aeruginosa
Common Treatments:
Antipsudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside
Condition:
Pulmonary hypertention
Common Treatments:
Bosentan
Condition:
Rickettsia rickettsii
Common Treatments:
Doxycycline, chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)
Condition:
Ringworm infections
Common Treatments:
Terbinafine, grisofulvin, imidazole
Condition:
Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)
Common Treatments:
5-HT 2A antagonists (olanzapine)
Condition:
Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)
Common Treatments:
D2 receptor antagonists
Condition:
SIADH
Common Treatments:
Demeclocycline, lithium
Condition:
Sickle cell anemia
Common Treatments:
Hydroxyurea (increase HbF)
Condition:
Sporothrix schenckii
Common Treatments:
Oral KI
Condition:
Stable angina
Common Treatments:
Sublingual nitroglycerin
Condition:
Staphlococcus aureus
Common Treatments:
Methacillin/nafcillin
Condition:
Streptococcus bovis
Common Treatments:
Penicillin prophylaxis
Condition:
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Common Treatments:
Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)
Condition:
Streptococcus pyogenes
Common Treatments:
Penicillin prophylaxis
Condition:
Temporal arteritis
Common Treatments:
High-dose steroids
Condition:
Tonic-clonic seizures
Common Treatments:
Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
Condition:
Toxoplasma gondii
Common Treatments:
Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine
Condition:
Treponema pallidum
Common Treatments:
Penicillin
Condition:
Trichomonal vaginalis
Common Treatments:
Metronidazole (patient and partner)
Condition:
Ulcerative colitis
Common Treatments:
5-ASA, infliximab
Condition:
UTI prophylaxis
Common Treatments:
TMP-SMX
Condition:
Warfarin toxicity
Common Treatments:
Fresh forzen plasma (acute), vitamin K (chronic)
Condition:
Wegener's granulomatosis
Common Treatments:
Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids