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276 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
actinic keratosis
often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome (McCune Albright syndrome)
(aka "polyostotic fibrous dysplasia") precocious puberty, cafe au lait spots, short stature, young girls
albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain-Barre (+ protein in CSF with only modest + in cell count)
Alport's syndrome
hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
anti-basement membrane
Goodpasture's syndrome
anticentromere antibodies
scleroderma (CREST)

anti-Centromere -> CREST
anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
anti-epithelial cell
pemphigus vulgaris
antigliadin antibodies
celiac disease
antihistone antibodies
drug-induced SLE

drug HIgh -> anti HIstones
anti IgG antibodies
rheumatoid arthritis
antimitochondrial antibodies
primary biliary cirrhosis

the MIGHTYchondria -> MIGHTY liver
antineutrophil antibodies
antiplatelet antibodies
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupil
Arnold-Chiari malformation
cerebellar tonsilar herniation
Aschoff bodies
rheumatic fever
atrophy of the mamillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer rods
acute myelogenous leukemia (esp. the promyelocytic type)
sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
rheumatoid arthritis
"bamboo spine" on x-ray
ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
basophilic stippling of RBCs
lead poisoning
Becker's muscular dystrophy
defective dystrophin; less severe than Duchenne's
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
Berger's disease
IgA nephropathy not nUEphropathy!
Bernard-Soulier disease
defect in platelet adhesion

platelets won't Be Sticky
bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Birbeck granules on EM
histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
bloody tap on LP
subarachnoid hemorrhage
"blue bloater"
chronic bronchitis
blue-domed cysts
fibrocystic change of breast
blue sclera
osteogenesis imperfecta, or "brittle bone disease"
boot-shaped heart on x-ray
Tetrology of Fallot; RVH
Bouchard's nodes
osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)

Bouchard in the Bones
Boutonniere's deformity
rheumatoid arthritis
branching rods in oral infection
actinomyces israelii
"brown tumor" of bone
hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts:

1. hyperparathyroidism
2. osteitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease = bone "RECKER")
Brushfield's spots
speckled iris: frequent in Down's syndrome
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
posthepatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
small/medium artery vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV
Burton's lines
lead poisoning
Wegener's granulomatosis; polyartheritis nodosa
cafe au lait spots on skin
Caisson disease
gas emboli
calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chagas' disease
cerebriform nuclei
mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chagas' disease
trypanosome infection
primary syphilis (painless) "-oid" less is painless
haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech) cholangitis (jaundice,RUQ pain,fever)
Charcot-Leyden crystals
bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes) Crystals in Lung (Charcot-Leyden)
Chediak-Higashi disease
phagocyte deficiency
cherry-red spot on the macula
Tay Sachs, Niemann-Pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
central apnea in CHF and + intracranial pressure Cheyne Stokes -> Cranial Stress
"chocolate cysts"
endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
chronic atrophic gastritis
predisposition to gastric carcinoma
Chvostek's sign
hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
DES (diethylstilbestrol) exposure in utero; hormone-related drug which used to be prescribed to women in the 1950's and 1960's
clue cells
gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on x-ray
cold agglutinins
mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis
cold intolerance
condylomata lata
secondary syphilis happens "lata", after primary
continuous machinery murmur
patent ductus arteriosus
Cori's disease
debranching enzyme deficiency
Cotton-wool spots
chronic hypertension
cough, conjuctivitis, coryza, fever
councilman bodies
toxic or viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
crescents in Bowman's capsule
rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
currant-jelly sputum
Curschmann's spirals
bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plugs) Curschmann -> muCous
Cushing's ulcer
acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury Cushing -> CNS related
D dimers
depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder - rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)
dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
pellagra (niacin, ie. vitamin B3, deficiency)
diabetes insipidus + exophthalmos + lesions of skull
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
bug from dog or cat bite
pasteurella multocida
Donovan bodies
granuloma inguinale Donovan on your Dick
Dressler's syndrome
post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
Dubin-Johnson syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Edward's syndrome
trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low set ears, heart disease
Eisenmenger's complex
late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected, L to R shunt becomes R to L shunt)
elastic skin
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Erb-Duchenne palsy
superior trunk brachial plexus injury ("waiter's tip")
erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme disease
Fanconi's syndrome
proximal tubular reabsorption defect
"fat, female, forty and fertile"
acute cholecystitis
fatty liver
ferruginous bodies
Gardner's syndrome
colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
glucocerebrosidase deficiency, most common lysosomal storage disease
Ghon focus
primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
defect in platelet aggregation
Goodpasture's syndrome
autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane proteins
Gowers' maneuver
Duchenne's (use of patient's arms to help legs pick self off floor)
Guillan-Barre syndrome
idiopathic polyneuritis
"hair-on-end" appearance on x-ray
beta-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia (extramedullary hematopoeisis)
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
chronic progressive histiocytosis (diabetes insipidus, exophthalmos, skull lesions)
sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole (occurs with and without embryo)
Heberden's nodes
osteoarthritis (DIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Heinz bodies
G6PD deficiency
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs
heterophil antibodies
aka. Monospot test infectious mononucleosus (EBV) test for antibody which causes agglutination of RBC's from other species
increased HbF
thalassemia major
high-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
wet beriberi (thiamine, ie. vitamin B1, deficiency) "B1, B1" deficiency
Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis
HLA DR3 or -DR4
diabetes mellitus type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction of beta cells)
Homer Wright rosettes
honeycomb lung on x-ray
interstitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
ptosis, miosis and anhidrosis
Howell-Jolly bodies
splenectomy (or nonfunctional speen) hollow body
Huntington's disease
caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality + hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
hyperpigmentation of the skin
primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease)
hypersegmented neutrophils
macrocytic anemia
hypertension + hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome (hyperaldosteronism and alkalosis)
hypochromic microcytosis
iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
increased alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid / maternal serum
anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)
increase uric acid levels (4)
1. gout 2. Lesch-Nyhan sydrome 3. myeloproliferative disorders 4. loop and thiazide diuretics
adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer's patches)
Janeway lesions
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
syphilis, brucellosis - aggressive antimicrobial treatment leads to release of bacterial products and consequent patient immune reaction
Job's syndrome
neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality, increased serum IgE
Karposi's sarcoma
AIDS in MSM (men who have sex with men)
molecular defect in Kartagener's syndrome
dynein defect
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
Keratin pearls
squamous cell carcinoma
Kimmelstein Wilson nodules
diabetic nephropathy
Kluver Bucy syndrome. lesion?
bilateral amygdala lesions
human papilloma virus (koilocyte: bi- or multinucleate, with nuclear membranes wrinkled like raisins)
Koplik spots
Krukenberg tumor
gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
Kussmaul hyperpnea
diabetic ketoacidosis
lens dislocation + aortic dissection + joint hyperflexibility
Marfan's syndrome (fibrillin defect)
Lesch Nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency
Lewy bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman Sacks disease
endocarditis associated with SLE
Lines of Zahn
arterial thrombus
Lisch nodules
neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease) tan or brown tumors in the iris of the eye
low serum ceruloplasmin
Wilson's disease
lucid interval
epidural hematoma
"lumpy bumpy" appearance of glomeruli on immunofluorescence
poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
lytic bone lesions on x-ray
multiple myeloma
Mallory bodies
alcoholic liver disease
Mallory-Weiss syndrome
esophagogastric lacerations remember "Mallory Weiss tears"
McArdle's disease
muscle phosphorylase deficiency enzyme for glycogenolysis
McBurney's sign
MLF syndrome (INO)
multiple sclerosis
monoclonal antibody spike (3 diseases)
multiple myeloma (called the M protein; usually IgG or IgA), MGUS, Waldenstrom's (M protein = IgM) macroglobulinemia
necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's (hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
needle-shaped, negatively birefringent crystals
Negri bodies
nephritis + cataracts + hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer's disease
Niemann Pick disease (deficiency? what organs become enlarged?)
sphingomyelinase deficiency leads to enlargement of liver and spleen
no lactation postpartum
Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction)
nutmeg liver
occupational exposure to asbestos
malignant mesothelioma
"Orphan Annie" nuclei
papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Osler's nodes
owl's eye
cytomegalovirus OWL & CMV = 3 letters each
painless jaundice
pancreatic cancer (head)
palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch Schonlein purpura
Pancoast's tumor
bronchogenic apical tumor associated with Horner's syndrome
rheumatoid arthritis proliferation of synovial tissue
Parkinson's disease
nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
periosteal elevation on x-ray
pyogenic osteomyelitis bone inflammation due to infection
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
benign polyposis
Peyronie's disease
penile fibrosis
Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl)
CML (may sometimes be associated with AML)
Pick bodies
Pick's disease dementia with progressive loss of memory, social skills, intellect
Pick's disease
progressive dementia, similar to Alzheimer's
"pink puffer"
emphysema (centroacinar [smoking], panacinar [alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency])
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
gout (MP joint of hallux - big toe)
podocyte fusion
minimal change disease
polyneuropathy, cardiac pathology and edema
dry beriberi (thiamine, ie. vitamin B1, deficiency)
polyneuropathy preceded by GI or respiratory infection
Guillan Barre syndrome (GI or Bronchial infection )
Pompe's disease
lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
port-wine stain
positive anterior "drawer sign"
anterior cruciate ligament injury
Pott's disease
vertebral tuberculosis
pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement
glioblastoma multiforme
Ewing's sarcoma bone tumors in kids
ptosis, miosis and anhidrosis
Horner's syndrome (Pancoast's tumor)
rash on palms and soles
secondary syphilis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Raynaud's syndrome
recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts in urine
acute glomerulonephritis
recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and S. aureus infections
cystic fibrosis
red urine in the morning
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Sternberg cells
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Reid index (increased)
chronic bronchitis
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor Leydig Reinke sounds like "Let it Rain"
Reiter's syndrome
conjunctivitis urethritis arthritis "Can't Pee Can't See Can't climb a Tree"
renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas + adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau disease
renal epithelial casts in urine
acute toxic/viral nephrosis
rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
rib notching
coarctation of the aorta
Roth's spots in retina
Rotor's syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formations (RBCs)
multiple myeloma
Russell bodies
multiple myeloma
L to R shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD), mitral regurgitation, LV failure (CHF)
aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller-Duval bodies
yolk sac tumor
senile plaques
Alzheimer's disease
Sezary syndrome
cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
postpartum pituitary necrosis
Shwartzman reaction
Neisseria meningitidis
signet-ring cells
gastric carcinoma
Simian crease
Down's syndrome
Sipple's syndrome
MEN type IIa
Sjorgen's syndrome
dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
skip lesions
slapped cheek appearance
erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Smith antigen
"smudge cell"
soap bubble on the x-ray
giant cell tumor of bone
spike and dome on EM
membranous glomerulonephritis
Spitz nevus
benign juvenile melanoma
splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
starry-sky pattern
Burkitt's lymphoma
"strawberry tongue"
Scarlet fever "Scarlet likes Strawberries"
streaky ovaries
Turner's syndrome
string sign on x-ray
Crohn's disease
subepithelial humps on EM
poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
suboccipital lymphadenopathy
sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
scurvy (ascorbic acid, vitamin C deficiency) - vitamin C is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis
systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
aortic valve stenosis
Burkitt's lymphoma (c-myc activation)
Philadelphia chromosome, CML (bcr-abl) hybrid
follicular lymphomas (bcl-2) activation
tabes dorsalis
tertiary syphilis
tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)
familial hypercholesterolemia
thumb sign on lateral x-ray
epitglottitis (Haemophilus influenzae)
thyroidization of kidney
chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
chalky accumulations of uric acid in gout
"tram-track" appearance on LM
membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau's sign
visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Virchow's node
left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Virchow's triad
pulmonary embolism (triad: stasis, endothelial damage, hypercoagulation)
von Recklinghausen's disease
neurofibromatosis with cafe au lait spots
von Recklinghausen's disease of bone
osteitis fibrosa cystica ("brown tumor")
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Waterhouse-Friedrichsen syndrome
adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
Waxy casts
chronic end-stage renal disease
WBC casts in urine
acute pyelonephritis
WBCs in urine
acute cystitis inflammation of the bladder
Wermer's syndrome
MEN type I
Whipple's disease
malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
hepatolenticular degeneration
"wire loop" appearance on LM
Lupus nephropathy
"worst headache of my life"
Berry aneuryism - associate with adult polycystic kidney disease
xanthochromia (CSF)
subarachnoid hemorrhage
xerostomia + arthritis + keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Sjorgen's syndrome
Zenker's diverticulum
upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
gastrin-secreting tumor associated with ulcers