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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sleep apnea
inability to breath while sleeping
individual falls into REM sleep at random and often innappropriate times
sleep terrors
really bad nightmares
function of thalamus
filters incoming brain impulses and then sends them out
involved in the control of blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing
involved in ctronol of facial expressions
coordinates fine muscle movement
corpus callosum
nerve bundle that connects two hemispheres
process and perceive memory and emotion -- memories pass through this area before they are sent to other location in the cerebral cortex for permanent storage
4 symptoms of schizphrenia
positive - hallucinations, delusions
negative - flat affect, apathy
trichromatic theory
theory that three types of cones exist on the retina: blue, yellow and red -- these cones combine in different combinations allowing us to perceive different colors
opponent-process theory
theory that states that receptors on our retina come in pairs -- when one receptor fires the other cannot
discrimination in classical conditioning
telling the difference between stimuli
discrimination in social psychology
behavior acting on prejudices
discrimation in perception
discrimating object from object
sigmeund freud
believed that the unconscious mind contain the build up of repressed thoughts (thoughts dangerous to our beings) and often controls much of what we do
what we are currently thinking/aware of
things that we are not currently thinking about but we can be
bodily processes that we aren't usually aware of
contains emotions and thoughts that are too ahrd to consciously handle
thoughts present in our minds without conscious awareness but often expressed through behavior
james-lange theory of emotion
emotion is caused by biological changes caused by stress
cannon-bard theory of emotion
emotion and biological changes occur simulataneously because both are caused by the thalamus
schacter-singer theory of emotion
emotion comprises of biological changes and our thought
a cause for something that happened
maslow's hierarchy of needs
top to bottom

self-actulaization, esteem, belongingness, safety, physiological
criticism of maslow's hierarchy of needs
not always true - tiananmen square - people died for a cause not for themselves
babinski reflex
a baby will spread out his/her toes whe his/her foot is stroked
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
response pattern to various different types of stress, first step = alarm reaction then resistance and then exhaustion
trace conditioning
conditioned stimulus and then unconditioned stimulus --- uneffective
backward conditioning
unconditioned stimulus is presented first and is followed by the conditioned stimulus - particularly uneffective
delayed conditioning
conditioned stimulus is presented and then the unconditioned stimulus is presented while the conditioned stimulus is still present
simultaneous conditioining
when the unconditioned and conditioned stimuli are given at the same time
cognitive map
mental prepresentation of a place
availability heuristic
judging a situation based on examples of similar situations that come to mind initially
representativess heuristic
judging a situation based on how similar the aspext are to prototypes the person holds in his or her mind - assume things have the same outcome because they are similar to each other
dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia
psychosis is caused by hyperactivity in the dopamine pathways of the brain. Therefore schizophrenia is usually treated with drugs that would level the amount of dopamine in the brain
carol gilligan
opposed kohlberg's theory on moral development because he generalized that boys and girls both pass through the same stages. Gilligan believed that there was a difference in the moral development in boys and girls
mary ainsworth
placed human infants into a "strange situation" in order to examine attachment to parents
solmon asch
conformity experiment
method of measuring stress
holmes and rahe used a social readjustment scale to measure stress -- list various life events, tally up to get a score and then evaluate the score on a scale
elizabeth loftus
investigated the truth behind recovered/repressed memories and found many of them tend to be false
ethical guideliens of research
protection of participants from physical and mental harm, the right of participants to privacy, voluntary and little or no deception
autonomic system
involuntary reactions by the peripheral nervous system
voluntary reactions by the peripheral nervous system