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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 5 classic signs and symptoms of thrombotic thrombocytopenic pupura (TTP)?
Fever
Anemia (microangiopathic hemolytic)
Thrombocytopenia
Renal insufficiency
Neurologic symptoms
What is Beck's triad?
JVD
Hypotension
Muffled heart sounds
What is the initial dose of blood given to children?
10 mL/kg of PRBCs
What is Kienbock's disease?
Avascular necrosis of the lunate with lunate collapse due to fracture
What is the most common location for impacted urinary stones?
Ureterovesical junction (UVJ)
What are the admission criteria for renal colic?
Infection with concurrent obstruction
Solitary kidney and complete obstruction
Uncontrolled pain
Intractable emesis
What are the risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
Multiple sexual partners
Sexual abuse
Young age
HIV-1 infection
Bacterial vaginosis
History of STDs
Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
Frequent vaginal douching
How do you treat high altitude cerebral edema (HACE)?
Immediate descent or evacuation
Oxygen
Dexamethasone
Furosemide
Intubation, hyperventilation, and mannitol in severe cases
How do you treat high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE)?
Immediate descent
Oxygen
Nifedipine
Morphine
Furosemide
How do you treat acute mountain sickness (AMS)?
Delay ascent and allow acclimatization, if mild
Immediate descent, if symptoms persist or worsen
Oxygen
Acetazolamide
What organism is the most common cause of malignant otitis externa?
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
A man with acute neck pain describes an axial loading mechanism of injury. On the odontoid view of his C-spine XR, the lateral masses of C1 are displaced. What is the diagnosis?
Jefferson's fracture (burst fracture of C1)
What is the most sensitive physical examination test for ACL injuries?
Lachman's test
Which medications are commonly associated with rhabdomyolysis?
Diuretics, statin lipid-lowering drugs, narcotics, theophylline, corticosteroids, benzodiazepines, phenothiazines, and tricyclic antidepressants
What are the most serious complications of rhabdomyolysis?
Acute renal failure
Hyperkalemia