Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Xray findings for pericardial effusion
Englarged heart shadow (globular shaped)
>transverse diameter
Definitive study to Dx Pericardial effusion
Echo
Xray findings for Pulmonary edema
Batwing pattern
loss of hemidiaphragms or heart silouette
kerley B lines
common cause of Pulm edema
CHF
Definitive test for aortic dissection
arterial aniography
test for pulm embolism
venous angiography
test for head trauma/bleed
CT
test for brain tumors
CT or MRI
Test w/out radiation
Ultrasound
MRI
test to detect ventricular enlargement
Echo
causes of widening mediastinum
AP CXR, aortic aneurysm
Terrible lymphadenopathy,
Thymic tumors,
Teratoma,
Thyroid mass
pericardial cyst, epicardial fat pad
brain hemorrhage test for peds
ultrasound
Xray findings for atelectesis
>desity, volume loss, vascular crowding
uses of CT scans
Disorders of Bowel, Neuro, abdominal, pelvic, chest, bone, tissue
MRI uses
herniated disks, infection, spinal stenosis, brain lesions
Xray findings for COPD
diffuse hyperinflation with flatening of diaphragms
bullae(lucent airspaces
test for pericarditis
echo
test for appendicitis
Adults-CT
kids-Ultrasound
atelectasis Xray findings
Homogenous density of affected lung (white-ish)
Mediastinal shift
Diaphragm and heart silhouette are not identifiable
Xray findings of Pleural effusion
Homogenous density
Loss of cardiophrenic angle
Loss of diaphragmatic and right cardiac silhouette
this test allows for continous eval during procedures
flouroscopy
sign and symptoms of CHF
Edema
Dyspnea on Exertion
PND
frequent urination
Gaining weight
Losing your appetite
Feeling tired or weak
S/Sx of Pulm Embolism
SOB
Chest pain that mimics MI
may become worse when you breathe deeply, cough, eat, bend or stoop.
Productive cough
Excessive sweating. tachycardia
Lightheadedness or fainting (syncope).
Don't give contrast agents to these patients
renal failure
multiple myeloma
lactic acidosis
test for ligament injury of knee
MRI
disadvantage of ultrasound studies
limited for lung and skeleton eval bcz of poor penetration of bone and gas
Doppler Ultrasound
detects blood movement; color assigned depending on direction of flow
common uses of MRIs
herniated disks, infection, metastases, spinal stenosis,
brain lesions, torn meniscus, ligaments, rotator cuff tears
Highest liability money paid
missed MI and C-spine
difference between a pneumothorax and a tension pneumothorax
A tension pneumothorax is accompanied by mediastinal shift with displacement of the heart and trachea; it is a life threatning condition
S/Sx of bronchogenic carcinoma
cough
dyspnea
hemoptysis
increased sputum
Pulmonary embolism CXR findings
none
if the CXR of a patient with hypoxia is normal what should you consider
Pulm Embolism
the best radiographic predictors of emphysema
Hyperinflation and bullae
The most common cause of a middle mediastinal mass
lymphadenopathy due to metastases or primary tumor
color of air
black
color of fat
grey
color of bone
white-ish
color of water
lighter grey
color of metal
white