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27 Cards in this Set

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Radiologic and Nuclear Medicine Procedures

Computed axial tomography (CAT, CT)
procedure that uses x-rays to create many individual, closely spaced images
Radiologic and Nuclear Medicine Procedures

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI
procedure that uses a magnetic field and radiowaves to align the protons in the body and cause them to emit signals
Radiologic and Nuclear Medicine Procedures

Myelography
- procedure in which a radiopaque contrast dye is injected into the subarachnoid space at the level of the L3 and L4 vertebrae
Radiologic and Nuclear Medicine Procedures

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
nuclear medicine procedure that uses a radioactive substance combined with glucose molecules and injected intravenously to reflect the amount of metabolism in an area used to detect areas of cancer
Other Diagnostic Tests


Electroencephalography (EEG)
procedure to record the electrical activity of the brain
Other Diagnostic Tests

Evoked potential
procedure in which an EEG is used to record changes in brain waves that occur following various stimuli
Other Diagnostic Tests

Nerve conduction study – (NCV)
procedure to measure the speed that an electrical impulse travels along a nerve
Other Diagnostic Tests

Lumbar puncture (LP)
procedure to obtain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for testing
Surgical Procedures


Diskectomy
surgical excision of part or all of the herniated nucleus pulposus from an intervertebral disk to relieve pain
Surgical Procedures

Laminectomy
surgical excision of the lamina to relieve pain from a herniated nucleus pulposus
Acronyms

AFP
ALS
AVM
BAEP
alpha fetoprotein

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

arteriovenous malformation

brainstem auditory evoked potential
Acronyms

BAER
CNS
COMT
CP
brainstem auditory evoked response

centeal nervous system

catechol-0-methyltransferase

cerebral palsy
Acronyms

CRPS
CSF
CT
CTS
chronic regional pain syndrome

cerebrospinal fluid

computed tomography

carpal tunnel syndrome
Acronyms

CVA
EEG
END
GCS
cerebrovascular accident

electroencephalography

electroneurodiagnostic (technician)

Glasgow Coma Sclae (or Score)
Acronyms

HNP
ICO
LP
MRI
herniated nucleus pulposus

intracranial pressure

lumbar puncture

magnetic resonance imaging
Acronyms

MS
NICU
PET
RIND
multiple sclerosis

neurologic intensive care unit

positron emission scan

reversible ischemic neurological deficit
Acronyms

SCI
SSEP
TENS
spinal cord injury

somatosensory evoked response

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Acronyms

TIA
VEP
VER
transient ischemic attack

visual evoked potential

visual evoked response
Radiology

definition:
the medical specialty that combines the study of anatomy and physiology, energy, and radiation and uses technology to create images of the internal structures of the body
Nuclear Medicine

definition:
the medical specialty that uses radioactive substances to create images of internal structures of the body
Radiology with Contrast Dye

Angiogram... 3 types
Arteriogram
Venogram
Aortagram
Radiology with Contrast Dye

3 major divisions
Angiogram

Arthrogram

Myelogram
Magnetic resonance imaging

main use...?
best able to show soft tissues, blood vessels, intervertebral disks, muscles, nerves, organs, tumors, and areas of infection
Gadolinium

what is it and what it its use?
a metallic element that responds to a magnetic field, can be injected intravenously for magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) or into a body cavity to produce an enhanced MRI image
difference between an enhanced and an unenhanced MRI...?
An unenhanced MRI uses no gadolinium
Sound Waves

Echocardiography
Uses ultra high-frequency sound waves to show real time moving images of the heart during contraction and relaxation
Sound Waves


Doppler Ultrasonography
Uses ultra high-frequency sound waves and Doppler technology to produce the audible sound of blood flowing through an artery
Doppler technology is also used in automatic blood pressure machines that give a digital readout of the blood pressure and in fetal monitors that, when placed on the mother’s abdomen, make the heart beat of the fetus audible