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26 Cards in this Set

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Characterized by laryngitis with laryngeal spasm
Croup
What is the key sign of Croup?
Bark-like cough
What do you see on the frontal radiographs of the lower neck when pt has croup?
Smooth, fusiform, tapered narrowing of the subglottic airway, unlike the broad shouldering that is normally seen.
What is the common results from in pneumothorax?
from the rupture of a subpleural bulla, either as a complication of emphysema or as a spontaneous even in an otherwise healthy young adult
How many visible radiographic signs are usualy apparent on the PA Chest radiograph when pneumothorax is suspected?
2
What view should a radiographer include when a pneumothorax is suspected?
PA Chest on inspiration and expiration
What is the technique used if pneumothorax is strongly suscpected?
a less than normal radiographic technique
what is patchy, irregular distribution of disease that involves the inflammation of the bronhi and bronchioles with the extension into the alveoli?
Lobular or Bronchopneumonia
What caused Interstitial Pneumonia?
Caused by virus
In Interstitial pneumonia(viral pneumonia or pneumonitis), what is not present in the alveoli?
exudate
What is nonspecific chronic condition obstructing bronchial airflow?
COPD(Chonic Obrstuctive Pulmonary Disease)
What is often associated with long-term chornic respiratory disorder in COPD?
Emphysema
Where does the renal caculi most commonly formed?
in the kidney?
In renal obstruction, what happens if there's an abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis?
Hydronephrosis
In renal obstruction, what happens if a stone is completely fill the renal pelvis(staghorn calculus)?
blocking the flow of urine
What % of patients have multiple calculi that are 5mm or smaller and that usually pass spontaneously?
90%
For Renal Calculi, more than 80% of sypmtomatic renal stones contain enough _____ to be radiopaque on plain AP abdominal radiographs.
calcium
What technique do you used for Renal Calculi?
low kVp (70-75 kVp)
What exam confirms the diagnosis and reveals the size and location of renal calculi?
Intravenous Urography (IVU)
What can be detected in IVU which appear as filling defect in the collecting system?
invisible non-opaque stones
In chronic kidney failure, what leads to the accumulation of excessive blood levels of urea and creatine(waste products of protein metabolism) in the blood?
A failure to adequately clear nitrogen-containing wastes from the circulation.
What cause uremia?
excessive blood levels of urea and creatine(waste products of protein metabolism) in the blood.
what does uremia produce on many body systems?
toxic effects
What renal failure leads to?
Ventricular Tachycardia
Congestive heart failure
What may be considered for renal failure?
kidney transplant
Independent of renal function; _______ is often the initial procedure in the evaluation of patients with chronic renal failure.
Ultrasound