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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the replacement of dead tissue with new tissue that is identical in structure and function to that of the original tissue?
What is the most desirable form of tissue repair?
What is less preferred method of repair?
Fibrous connective Tissue Repair
What replaced the tissue that has undergone necrosis?
with a dense, tough mass of connective tissue, referred to as a SCAR
A wound such as a surgical incision has edges that are in close approximation to each other?
Primary Union
A wound in which tissue has been avulsed or gouged out from the skin surface and leaves a gaping depression with the wound edges far apart.
Secondary Union
May also be described as a reduction in the amount of calcified bone mass per unit volume of skeletal tissue, resulting in porous and brittle bones
What is the most common type of osteoporosis?
Senile Osteoporosis
in patients with osteoporosis, it is essendtial to use what technique?
Lowest practical kVp
In Gout, what is the component of nucleiacids?
What leads to increase in the blood levels of uric acid?
to the deposition of uric acid crystals in the:
In Gout, where is the initial attack invariably affect?
1st MTP joint (great toe)
What technique should you use in severe cases and if joint effusion is present in Gout?
Increase technique
What is the most common chronic diseases of the skeleton?
Paget's Disease (Osteitis Deformans)
What is the destruction of bone ff by a reparative process resulting in weakened, deformed, and thickened bony structures that tend to fx easily?
Paget's Disease (Osteitis Deformans)
What is the most serious complication in Paget's Disease?
Osteosarcoma occurs in less than what % of patients?
In Paget's Disease, the technique should only be increased when?
During the reparative process of the disease
Which fx is common in children and infants, whose bones are soft and pliable?
Fx has a characteristic anterior wedging of the superior vertebral body?
Fx in which th bone ends or fragments remain in reasonble alignment?
Where is the most common site for non-dispalced fx?
base of the 5th metatarsal
in non-displaced fx, where does pediatric pts get it?
What is a strong indications of non-displaced fx?
Visualization of the fat pad signs
What cause skeletal fx?
Excessive mechanical force(trauma)
Which skeletal Fx is at the site of impact?
Which Skeletal fx where the intesity may be deflected and subsequent fx may occur in a distant location?
Fracture in a diseased, weakened bone that has been subjected to a normal strain?
Pathological Fx
What occurs when bone ends become untied by ordinary fibrous scar tissue that cannot be converted into bone?
Fibrous Union
What can cause delayed union in skeletal fx?
-poor blood supply
What are fx in which the force of injury causes bone ends to be knocked out of alignment?
Complicated Displaced Fx
What is the purpose of aligning(reducing) or manipulating complicated displaced fx?
to promote minimal deformity and proper healing
Which Fx is a posterior or backward displacement of the distal radius and ulna?
Colle's Fx(Dinner fork Deformity)
What is identical to Colle's Fx except the wrist is displaced anterior and forward?
Smith's Fx
A dispalced Fx of the neck of the 5th metacarpal.
Boxer's Fx
What is the Boxer's Fx typically result of?
A blow struck with the fist
Pathologic Fx tend to have a _______ prognosis and usually the 1st indication of malignancy. ex: cancer of the bone
Additional info regarding damage to the muscle, tendons, ligaments, and soft tissue structures is obtained using?
-Nuc Medicine
what kind of technique do you use for wet cast?
Double normal technique
What technique do you use for dry cast?
increased by 30% from normal technique
What technique do you use for Fiberglass cast (w/o plastic)?
no change
In case of case of trauma, it is essential to have at least 2 projections of the part?
taken at right angles to one another