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10 Cards in this Set

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What is the usual cause of DJD in food animals...horses?
food animals= infection or trauma

horses= conformation
What are the common names for DJD in the following joints:
coffin
pastern
fetlock
knee
hock
coffin=low ringbone
pastern= high ringbone
fetlock= osslets
knee=carpitis
hock= spavin
When evaluating lamanitic horses who are sinking, what ratio of measurements can be helpful and what whould the value be?
ratio of hoof wall thickness to the length of the distal phalanx. should be less than 0.30
Side bone is usually seen in what horses?
older horses and draft horses
What 2 shapes of navicular channels are often seen and what is normal and abnormal?
cone shaped= normal

lollipop shaped = abnormal
Where are saucer fractures commonly seen?
the dorsomedial surface of the cannon bone.
What are the most common stifle lesions in cattle?
CCL rupture

rupture and mineralization of meniscus
Where are the most common sites of fracture regarding the carpus in thoroughbreds and standard breds?
TB= dorso proximal and distal medial cormers of the radial carpal bone as well as the dorsal distal radius

SB= dorsal medial 3rd carpal bone
Why is it important to distinguish osteophytes from enthesophytes in the carpus?
all osteophytes indicate DJD where enthesophytes may indicate DJD or past damage to the fibrous attachments
OCD and stress remodeling of the distal cannon bones can give among others, what 3 radiographic signs?
increased opacity of condyle

flattening of condyle

fragmented condyle