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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Race
a social classification

a group w/ inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group

One race superior to others
A pure race exists
Ethnicity
__________ refers to cultural charac., people identify w/ one another on basis of common ancestry and cultural heritage
Minority groups
people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
Dominant group-
those who do the discriminating; the group w/ the most power, privilege and social status
Shared characteristics of minority groups
Membership in group is ascribed
Physical/cultural traits that distinguish them looked down on by dominant group
Unequally treated by dominant group
Tend to marry w/in own group
Tend to feel strong group solidarity
Migration
voluntary or involuntary

people who move from 1 place to another, they become the minority group.
Emergence of minority groups
Expansion of political boundaries
Migration- voluntary or involuntary
Shared characteristics of minority groups
Membership in group is ascribed
Physical/cultural traits that distinguish them looked down on by dominant group
Unequally treated by dominant group
Tend to marry w/in own group
Tend to feel strong group solidarity
Ethnic identity
Factors related to stronger sense of ethnic identity
Smaller in #, lesser power, different from nat’l identity, discrimination
Ethnic work-
how people construct their ethnicity
Prejudice and discrimination
Common around the world
Discrimination- an action- unfair treatment directed against an individual or group
Individual discrimination- negative treatment of one person by another
Institutional discrimination- negative treatment of a minority group that is built into society’s institutions
Home mortgages/ car loans/ health care
Discrimination-
an action- unfair treatment directed against an individual or group
Individual discrimination-
negative treatment of a minority group that is built into society’s institutions


e.g. car loans
Racism
discrimination based on race
Prejudice
an attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way
Each group thinks others are inferior in some way
Older/less educated more prejudiced than younger/more educated
Theories of prejudice
Functionalism
The Nazis
Sherif study (1953)
Sherif study (1953)
They sent kids to an all boys camp. The boys automatically started making cliques on the bus. The researchers split up the cliques and put them with people they have not yet met. They soon became friends, and formed a unity.
Conflict theory
Groups pitted against one another
Capitalists keep workers insecure
Capitalists exploit racial/ethnic strife
Split labor market- workers divided among racial-ethnic and gender lines
Split labor market
workers divided among racial-ethnic and gender lines
Theories of prejudice

Symbolic interactionism
Labels create prejudice
Labels cause selective perception
Stereotypes and discrimination create a self-fulfilling prophecy
We learn prejudice thru our interaction w/ others
genocide
dominant group tries to destroy the minority
Population transfer
indirect
make life unbearable for members of a group so they leave “voluntarily”
Population transfer
direct
dominant group expels a minority
Internal colonialism-
how a country’s dominant group exploits minority groups for its economic advantage
Segregation
separation of racial/ethnic groups
Assimilation-
the process by which a minority is absorbed into the mainstream culture
forced - forced to become dominant group

permissable - allowed to change at their own pace.
What is the difference btwn the Forced and permissible assimilation?
(white ethnics)
Viewed as inferior when from countries other than England
Because they look the same as white europeans.

Immigrants dropped customs/language
How did white ethnic groups overcome discrimination?
Latinos
Largest minority group in U.S.
66% concentrated in 4 states
U.S. one of largest Spanish speaking nations in the world
Country of origin significant
Separated by social class, underrepresented in politics
African Americans
12% of pop.
Struggle for civil rights
Jim Crow laws segregated blacks/whites
Rosa Parks, MLK Jr.
1964- Civil Rights Act
Currently- lag behind in education, politics, and economics
Asian americans
4% of pop.
No unifying race or culture
1882- Chinese Exclusion Act
Japanese relocation camps
Currently- highest average income
Poverty not evenly distributed
Kids most likely grow up w/ two parents (compared to all other groups)
High rate of college graduation
Native americans
less than 1% of pop.
Variety of cultures
Treaties, genocide, population transfer
Separatism- separate gov’t, didn’t join U.S.
High rates of unemployment and poverty
Highest suicide rate (of all groups)