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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Eaweard Muybridge
1870's- was a britishman who took photos of horses with cameras and trip wires, This was first sequence in film. He developed the zoopraxiscope in 1879 with glass plates that spun to show movement
Etienne Jules-marey
1892- scienticst who wanted to prove darwines origin of species theory. He wanted to see the slow motion of birds so he developed celluloid strips and a projector that could run
Thomas Edison
famous inventor, patents, saw muybridges horses and bought the pictures etc. he hired william dickinson
William Dickinson
Was hired by thomas edison to created a motion picture device. He developed a filmbelt called the kinetoscope which was considered the first motion picture device. He also developed 35mm film strip
Lumiere Brothers
1895- invented cenematograph that projected film onto a screen where numerous people could watch. First to commercialize film industry.
Edwin S. Porter
Makes 1st classic American movie (1903) called "The Great Train Robbery" It had cutting edge film editing technology and created a complex fictional storyline. Also included early color.
Adolph Zukor
Encouraged feature length films over an hour. He changed movie industry to focus on upper and middle class and wanted to create Movie Palaces. He started Paramount Studios and engineered vertical integration which meant that one company controlled the production, distribution, and exhibition of movies.
Sound in Movies
-First used in 1927 in the Jazz Singer
-Several consequences: increase ticket prices, hollywood became leading film industry in world, difficult translation, censorship arose, musicians and bad voices lost jobs, decreased audience participation,
Became popular in 1960's
Prior use was to define fantasy and show special effects
Movies with expensive productions. Highly marketed, distributed simultaneosly in a large # of thatres. A list stars connected to other industries (music, toys, etc)
What are the 5 elements that make a film unique
1. Literary design (plot-drama)
2. Cinematography (camera shot)
3. Visual Design (props)
4. Editing (montage, sequence)
5. Sound Design
- thin sheet of celluloid material with photosensitive chemical coating of halogen with an electropositive element used for photographs
- form of entertainment with illusion of movement
Film Content
the story plot or character