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76 Cards in this Set

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Adverse drug reactions
non therapeutic effects of medications
anaphylaxis
hypersensitivity reaction to a perviously encountered antigen; the reaction can be localized or generalized
duration of action
the length of time that a drug is concentrated enough to produce an therapeutic effect
Floor stock
medications distrubuted by the pharmacy to the nursing unit in bulk; these are usually drugs that you can get OTC
Idiosyncratic Reaction
a response to medication or therapy that is unique to an individual
Medication dependence
can be either physicological or physical
Medication polymorphism
variatino in response to a medication by an individual client; can be caused by enviomental or cultural factors
medication tolerance
decreased physiological response after taking the same drug repeatedly
NPO
nothing by mouth
Onset of medication action
period of time after a drug is administered for it to produce a response
Over the counter medication
medication that a patient can receieve with out a perscription
parenteral
not through the digestive system
peak action
time it takes for the drug to reach its highest effective concentration
peak concentration
the highest effective concentration of a drug in the serum
plateau
blood serum concentration reached and maintained after repeated, fixed doses of a drug
polypharmacy
use of multiple medications; some may not be indicated clinically
prn
as needed
side effect
effect of the drug that is different from the therapeutic action; it doesn't have to be harmful
summation
combined effect of two drugs produces a result that equals the sum of the individual effects of drugs
synergistic reaction
undesired reaction from one durg potentiates the effects of another
therapeutic effect
desired physiological effect of a drug
toxic effects
severe and progressive negative effects of drugs
trough concentration
point at which the lowest amount of drug is detected in the serum
unit-dose system
a system of drug distrubution in which a portable cart containing a drawer for each client's medications in a 24 hour supply
verbal order
an order spoken to the RN by the nurse practioner or physican
anesthetics
drugs capable of producing complete or partial loss of feeling
antianginal
a medication that dilates the coronary arteries, improving blood flow to the myocardium to precent angina
cerumen
ear wax; waxy substance producaed by the sweat glands in the external ear canal
cycloplegic
drug that paralyzes ciliary muscles of the eye for an examination or surgery
dermatitis
inflammatory condition of the skin; erythema and pain or pruritus
dermatological
skin
eczema
dermatitis of an unknown cause
glaucoma
abnormal elevated pressure with in the anterior chamber of the eye caused by an obstruction
lotion
liquid; applied externally to protect skin or treat it
metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
a device that delivers a measured dose of an inhalation drug
mydristics
stimulate the sympathetic nerve fibers or block parasympathetic nerve fibers of the eye, temporally paralyzing the iris sphincter muscle
nares
two openings in the front and back in the nose that allow for passage of air the the pharynx and lungs
nasal
nose or nasal cavity
nebulizer
distributes medication thought out nasal passages and tracheobronchial airway
nitroglycerin
medication that causes dilation of the coronary arteries
ointment
semisolid; applied externally usually containing a drug
orifice
entrance or outlet into any cavity within the body
otic
ear
overdose
ingestion of an excessive quantity of a medication or drug
pruritus
symptoms of itching
suppository
solid form of medication inserted into a body cavity; it is absorbed into the body once it dissolves
suspension
small particles of a solid are dispersed, but not dissolved. they are maintained by stirring or shaking the mixture
sympathmimetic
pharmacological agent that mimics the effects of stimulation of organs and structures by the sympathetic nervous system
topical
drugs or treatments applied to the surface of a body part
transdermal
medication that is applied to the skins surface and is absorbed in the dermal(outer) layer of skin
vertigo
inabiltiy to maintain balance while standing or sitting
air embolus
quantity of air that circulates in the blood stream to lodge in a blood vessel
ampule
small sterile glass contains a SINGLE DOSE of a solution to be administered PARENTERALLY
aqeuous
a medication prepared with water
aspirate
withdrawal of fluid or air into the barrel of a syringe
bolus
large round preparation of medication for ORAL ingestion; or medication to be administered IV ALL AT ONCE
compatibility
the ability of two drugs to be taken at once with out side effects
continuous subcutaneous infusion
medication administered continuously into the subcutanrous tissue by use of an infusion pump
diluent
agent that makes a solution or mixture thinner by addition of admixture
extravasation
infiltration fluids or medications into the subcutaneous tissues surrounding the infusion site
Heperain Lock
intravenous needle connected to a small "well" that allows intermittent injection of medication without the need for repeated venipuncture
hypodermoclysis
injection of an isotonic or hypotonic solution into subcutaneous tissue to supply a continous and large amount of fluid, electrolytes, and nutrients
incompatibility
two medications that can not be given together
induration
hardening of tissue; mainly the skin
infiltration
presence of intravenous fluids with subcutaneous space surrounding a venipuncture site
infusion
fluid such as a drug, electrolyte, or nutrient; directly into a vien by means of gravity flow
injection
act of forcing a liquid into the body by means of a syringe
intradermal (ID) injection
solution introduced into the dermal skin layer
intramuscular (IM) injection
solution introduced into the body of a muscle
intravenous (IV) injection
solution introduced into a vein
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
piggyback infusion
administering intravenous medications intermittently
saline lock
see heparin lock
subcutaneous (sub-Q) injection
solution is injected into subcutaneous tissues
vial
glass container with MEATL-ENCLOSED RUBBER SEAL
z-track method
injecting irritating medications into muscle without tracking through sensitive tissues