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60 Cards in this Set

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Test for the amount of Hgb glycosylation; a weighted average of glucose levels over the last 3 months, which indicates diabetes control.
Hemoglobin A1c
Normal Hgb A1c levels in the nondiabetic adult
2.2-4.8%
Hgb A1c levels proving good diabetic control
2.5-5.9%
Hgb A1c levels proving fair diabetic control
6.8-8.0%
Hgb A1c levels proving poor diabetic control
> 8.0%
Increased Hgb A1c levels confirm _______.
poorly controlled diabetes
True or False.
Decreased Hgb A1c levels are clinically significant.
false. decreased levels are not significant
What test measures glucose content in blood after fasting at least 4 hours?
Fasting Blood Sugar
What are normal values for the Fasting Blood Sugar test?
70-110 mg/dL
Increased Fasting Blood Sugar levels can give confirmation of what?
diabetes, increased glucocorticoids, epinephrine, or growth hormone, Cushing's Disease, pregnancy
Decreased Fasting Blood Sugar levels can give confirmation of what?
hypoglycemia, insulin reaction, too little food in diabetic, increased exercise in diabetic
move away from midline
abduction
scraped skin
abraded
move toward midline
adduction
without fever
afebrile
baldness
alopecia
walking
ambulatory
absence of menstration
amenorrhea
loss of appetite
anorexia
absence of urine formation
anuria
inability to swallow
aphagia
temporary cessation of breathing
apnea
exam by listening to
auscultation
slowness of heartbeat
bradycardia
stones in urine
calculi
ear wax
cerumen
drug treatment that has a toxic effect on disease-causing microorganisms
chemotherapy
increasing dyspnea with period of apnea
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
a severe pain in calf which subsides with rest
claudication
alternating contraction and relaxation of muscles
clonic
complete unconsciousness
comatose
immobility of tissue or joint due to fibrosis
contracture
watery drainage from nose
coryza
blue in color
cyanotic
bedsore
decubitus
bowel movement
defecation
double vision
diplopia
farthest from center or point
distal
large amount of urine output
diuresis
difficulty in speaking
dysphasia
difficulty breathing
dyspnea
painful urination
dysuria
hemmorrhagic areas (bruises)
ecchymosis
thin, underweight
emaciated
vomiting, the product is vomitus
emesis
agent given to produce emesis
emetic
bedwetting
enuresis
nosebleed
epitaxis
belching
eructation
redness of skin
erythema
raw surface on skin
excoriation
Which vital sign is a recording of the balance of heat production and heat release by the body?
body temperature
The vital sign that is the palpation of the wave of blood flow as it is ejected from the heart as it contracts
pulse rate
Which vital sign is an action that allows the body to bring in needed oxygen and give off CO2?
respiration rate
The measure of the lateral forces of blood on the sides of the arteries.
blood pressure
What test evaluates the diffusion and perfusion of oxygen in the tissue?
oxygen saturation
Normal O2 sat. levels
90-100%
Normal pulse rate.
60-100
Normal ranges for blood pressure
90-140/60-90
Normal body temperature ranges
98.6 - 100.4