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89 Cards in this Set

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drug stops flow of blood within vessels
Hemostatic
removal of plasma from the body with separation of specific elements followed by reinfusion
Plasmapheresis
blood voluntarily donated by any person for transfusion to a compatable recipient
Homologous Blood
blood donated by and stored for a patient for future personal use
Autologous Blood
incision into/puncture of a vein to withdraw blood for testing
Venipuncture
systemic disease caused by infection of micro-org's and their toxins in circulating blood
Septicemia
increase in number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in blood
Polycythemia
process by which cancer cells are spread by blood or lymph circulation to distant organs
Metastasis
disorder within bone marrow characterized by proliferation of abnormal stem cells; usually develops into specific type of leukemia
Myelodysplasia
hereditary disorder that results in excessive buildup of iron deposits in the body
Hemochromatosis
presence of small RBC's
Microcytosis
presence of large RBC's
Macrocytosis
presence of large, irregularly shaped RBC's
Poikilocytosis
abnormally reduced number of RBC's
Erythropenia
decrease in number of neutrophils
Neutropenia
impaired ability to provide immune response
Immunosupression
presence of enlarged (diseased) lymph nodes
Lymphadenopathy
enlargement of spleen
Splenomegaly
condition in which there is a reduction in the number of RBC's, amount of hemoglobin, or volume of RBC's in the blood
Anemia
germ; bud
Blasto
juice
Chylo
formation
Plaso
granular leukocyte named for the rose colored stain of its granules, that increase with allergy
Eosinophil
granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues
Basophil
group of leukocytes active in process of immunity
Lymphocyte
group of leukocytes without granules in their nucleus
Agranulocytes
granulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection
Monocyte
thrombocytes; cell fragments in blood essential for clotting
Platelets
gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
Degeneration
any disease where ther is deterioration of structure or function of tissue
Degenerative Disease
determination of the presence of disease based on evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings
Diagnosis
cause of disease
Etiology
increase in severity of a disease with aggravation of symptoms
Exacerbation
large; visible to the naked eye
Gross
condition occurring without a clearly identified cause
Idiopathic
feeling of unwellness, often first indication of illness
Malaise
vague; questionable
Equivocal
sick; a state of disease
Morbidity
advance of a condition as signs and symptoms increase in severity
Progressive
process, measure that prevents disease
Prophylaxis
disorder/condition after and usually resulting from a previous disease/injury
Sequela
running together; combo of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition/disease
Syndrome
not involved in bringing on the condition/result
Noncontributory
not significant or worthy of noting
Unremarkable
tumor
Onco
test to measure activity of prothrombin in the blood
Prothrombin Test
test to determine coagulation effects such as platelet disorders
Partial Thromboplastin Time
timed test to measure rate at which RBC's settle or fall thru a given volume of plasma
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
determination of the number of ea. type to WBC seen on a stained blood smear; ea. type is noted, counted and reported as a percent of the total examined
Differential Count
calc. of avg. hemoglobin concentration in ea. RBC using HGB/HCT results
Mean Corpuscular Cell Hemoglobin Concentration
calc. of content in weight of hemoglobin in avg. RBC using HGB and RBC results
Mean Corpuscular Cell Hemoglobin
calc. of volume of individual cells in albic microns using HCT and RBC results
Mean Corpuscular Cell Volume
measurement of percent of packed RBC's in a given volume of blood
Hematocrit
most common lab test performed as a screen of general health or for diagnostic purposes
Complete Blood Count
diagnosis, treatment and prevention of allergic diseases e.g asthma and autoimmune
Allergist/Immunologist
nonsurgical care centered around prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of adults
Internist
nonsurgical treatment of diseases of nervous system
Neurologist
use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease
Nuclear Medicine Physician
care and treatment of mother and fetus through pregnancy, child birth, and immediate postpartum period
Obstetrician
medical, surgical, and rehabilitative treatment of disorders of musculo-skeletal system
Orthopedic Surgeon
medical and surgical treatment of disease and disorders of the ear, nose and throat and adjoining structures of head and neck
Otolaryngologist
study of disease emphasizing examination of tissue for diagnosis e.g. biopsy, autopsy
Pathologist
treatment of patients suffering from neuromusculoskeletal disorders caused by injury/illness e.g. stroke, spinal injury
Physiatrist
treatment of diseases, deformities, and trauma requiring an operation within the chest, including heart and lungs
Thoracic Surgeon
PT
Prothrombin Time
HCT
Hematocrit
CCU
Coronary Care Unit
PACU
Post Anasthetic Care Unit
PAR
Postanasthetic Recovery
RTC
Return to Clinic
RTO
Return to Office
BRP
Bathroom Priveliges
CP
Chest Pain
DC
Discharge
D/C
Discontinue
RRR
Regular Rate and Rhythm
SOB
Shortness of Breath
ECU
Emergency Care Unit
Tr
Treatment
Tx
Treatment/ Traction
VS
Vital Signs
WDWN
Well Developed and Well Neurished
ABMS
American Board of Medical Specialties
ACP
American College of Physicians
D.C.
Doctor of Chiropractic Medicine
D.P.M.
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
D.O.
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
O.D.
Doctore of Optometry
Ph.D.
Doctor of Psychology