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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
BREATH SUPPORT
regulating how much air goes
BREATH CONTROL
letting the air go
MUSCLE TYPES
cardiac, smooth, skeletal
CARDIAC MUSCLE
in the heart & involuntary
SMOOTH MUSCLE
in blood vessels/organs & involuntary
SKELETAL MUSCLE
everything else & voluntary
INVOLUNTARY
contraction can't be consciously controlled
CLAVICULAR BREATHING
upper chest, untrained singers, hard to control air pressure during exhalation
THORACIC BREATHING
lower chest, high degree of air pressure control
ABDOMINAL BREATHING
belly, solely relies on diaphragm, uses ab tightening
BOYLE'S LAW
pressure & volume - if one goes up, the other goes down
ACTIVE FORCE
muscles are used
PASSIVE FORCE
lungs filling up
THORAX
(ribcage) houses the the lungs and heart
TRACHEA
windpipe
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
in top of spine
THORACIC VERTEBRAE
in chestal area
LUMBAR VERTEBRAE
in the low back
SACRUM
vertebrae fused together, helps create pelvis
COCCYX
tailbone, 5 tiny vertebrae past sacrum
PELVIC GIRDLE
pulls together the contents of the abdomen
LUNGS
not organs or muscles
ANTERIOR
front
POSTERIOR
back
TRANSVERSE
latitudinal
SUPERIOR
above
INFERIOR
below
EXTERNAL
outside
INTERNAL
inside
MEDIAL
toward body
LATERAL
away from body
STERNUM
bone between boobs
CLAVICLES
sides of neck-shoulders
INTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
inside of ribcage, draws ribs down and in
EXTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
draws ribs up and out, outside of ribcage
RECTUS ABDOMINUS
muscles run up and down along tummy, has 4 bellies that contract, pulls ribcage to pelvis
EXTERNAL OBLIQUES
muscles run toward midline, on the sides
INTERNAL OBLIQUES
muscles crisscross the ex. obliques, on the sides
TRANSVERSE ABDOMINUS
run across all the abdomen
VISCERA
contents of the stomach & other organs
DIAPHRAGM
muscle of inspiration, pushes down to allow room for the lungs to expand
PROCESS
a bony point
LIGAMENT
sheet of tough tissues connecting bones
TENDON
like ligaments but don't stretch as much
BONE
densest connective tissue
CARTILAGE
firm consistency & really flexible
MUSCLE FIBER TYPES
slow in response/high in fatigue resistance - fast/low & fast/high
STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
between ear & clavicle
RIBS
protect the heart & lungs
FALSE RIBS
on the bottom, not attached
PLEURAL MEMBRANES
surrounds lungs & creates the vaccuum
MAJOR PARTS OF FUNCTIONAL UNIT
lungs (motor), larynx (vibrator), resonance cavities (sound filter), mouth (aperture)
SUBGLOTTIC AIR PRESSURE
affects resonance & pitch
BREATH MANAGEMENT
breath support + control
ALVEOLAR AIR SACS
where the blood gasses exchange
BRONCHI
tubes to the lungs
LOBES
lung sections - 3 in right, 2 in left
VITAL CAPACITY
the max amount that can be blown out
SCAPULA
shoulder blade
PECTORALIS MAJOR
boob muscles
TRAPEZIUS
upper back across by shoulders
TIDAL VOLUME
amount of air moved during breathing
ELASTIC RECOIL
stretches out and how it snaps back when relaxed
origin
muscles least movable attachment, pull goes toward origin
insertion
more movable attachment, unit being active
synergism
muscle as anchor
isometric contraction
muscle tension increases/decreases but muscle shape doesn't change