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38 Cards in this Set

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What are medication forms?
LIQUID FORMS
1)FLUID EXTRACTS
2)TINCTURE
3)SPIRITS
4)SPITIRS
5)SYRUP
6)ELIXERS
7)SUSPENSIONS
8)MILKS
9)EMULSIONS
What is the Form of Fluid Extracts?
A CONCENTRATED ALCOHOL SOLUTION OF A VEGETABLE MEDICATION.
What is the Form of Tincture?
AN ALCOHOL SOLUTION OF AN ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE MEDICATION OR CHEMICAL IMBALANCE.
What is the Form of Spirits?
AN ALCOHOL SOLUTION OR VOLATILE SUBSTANCE.
What is the Form of Syrup?
MEDICATION MADE WITH WATER, FLAVORING AND SUGAR.
What is the Form of Elixirs?
A WATER-ALCOHOL SOLUTION WHICH MAY CONTAIN SUGAR AND FLAVORING.
What is the Form of Suspensions?
FLUID MIXTURES THAT NEED TO BE SHAKEN WHICH ONLY STAY TOGETHER FOR A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME.
What is the Form of Milk?
BULKY SUSPENSION IN WATER THAT IS INSOLUBLE AND MUST BE SHAKEN.
What is the Form of Emulsions?
SUSPENSION OF OIL, WATER AND OTHER SUBSTANCES.
What are the Forms of Liquids, such as Fluid Extracts, Tincture, Spirits, Syrup, Elixirs, Suspensions, Milks, and Emulsions used for?
THESE FORMS ARE USED AS THE BASE FOR OTHER PREPARATIONS, SUCH AS COSMETICS AND DERMATOLOGICS. EXAMPLE: COD LIVER OIL
What is Liniments?
A SOLUTION USED AS A VEHICLE TO DISTRIBUTE MEDICATION.
What is Liniments used for?
FOR EXTERNAL APPLICATIONS ONLY.
What is Topical Analgesics?
PERTAINING TO A PARTICULAR SPOT; LOCAL.
What is Topical Analgesics used for?
IT CAN BE USED IN A LINIMEN.
THE HEAT EFFECT IS CAUSED BY MENTHOL. EXAMPLES: ICY HOT, BEN GAY.
What is Analgesics?
MEDICATION THAT RELIEVE MUSCLE, JOINTS, AND BONE PAIN.
What are Lotions?
WATERY PREPARATIONS THAT CONTAIN MEDICATION.
What are lotions used for?
TO REDUCE IRRITATION AND FRICTION EXAMPLE: CALAMINE LOTION.
What are Sprays?
MEDICATIONS ADMINISTERED BY AN ATOMIZER.
What are Sprays used for?
USED MOSTLY TO TREAT THE NOSE, THROAT, AND SKIN MEMBRANES. EXAMPLE: GRANULEX SPRAY, NEO-synephrine nasal spray.
What are solutions?
SUBSTANCE DISSOLVED IN WATER.
What are solutions used for?
SALINE SOLUTIONS.
What are Solid Medication Forms?
A) TABLETS, INCLUDING CAPLETS

1)COMPRESSED (EXAMPLE apirin)

2)COATED - IMPROVES TASTE (EXAMPLE Darvocet)

3)ENTERIC COATED- TO PREVENT IRRITATION OR ABSORPTION IN THE STOMACH. EXAMPLES ASA, ECOTRIN

4)TIME RELEASED, TO CAUSE SLOWER ABSORPTION AND LONGET LASTING EFFECTS. EXAMPLE DIMETANE EXTENTABS

B) CAPSULES

1)REGULAR, TASTE RESOLVES RAPIDY. EXAMPLE - DILANTIN ACHROMYCIN.

2)TIME RELEASED, TO CAUSE SLOWER ABSORPTION AND A LONGER LASTING EFFECT. ONE END OF A CAPSULE IS CLEAR, ONE END IS COLORED. (EXAMPLE DURACAPS)
What are the Semi-Solid Medications Forms?
A)POWDERS - ORAL AND TOPICAL
1)ORAL NEARLY ALWAYS MIXED WITH WATER OR FLUID WHEN TAKEN ORALLY (EXAMPLES DURACAPS)
2)TOPICAL (EXAMPLE TINACTIN

B)OINTMENTS
1)MUST BE SOFT ENOUGH TO SPREAD AT ROOM TEMPERATURE AND MELT AT BODY TEMPERATURE.
2)WHEN USED FOR THE EYE MUST BE MARKED "OPHTHALMIC" EXAMPLE ZINC OXIDE OINTMENT, VASELINE)

C)CREAMS SUCH AS COLD CREAM, ZINC OXIDE CREAM

D)SUPPOSITORIES
1)MOLDED INTO A SHAPE THAT IS EASY TO BE INSERTED
2)MELT AT BODY TEMPERATURE (EXAMPLES - DULCOLAX SUPPOSITORY, acetaminophen suppository)

E) TRANSDERMAL patch
1)APPLIED TO THE SKIN
2)THE MEDICATION ABSORBS SLOWLY INTO THE BLOODSTREAM (EXAMPLES) TRANSDERM-NITRO, DURAGESIC).
What is the Gas Medication Form?
INHALED INTO THE LINGS, THEN ABSORBED INTO THE BLOODSTREAM. (EXAMPLES - OXYGEN, anesthetics)
What are the Methods of Administration?
1)ORAL - BY MOUTH

2)TOPICAL - PARTICULAT LOCATION OF BODY

3)PARENTERAL - BY INJECTION

4)INSTILLATION - ADMINISTERING A LIQUID
DROP BY DROP

5)INSERTION - PLACED INTO A SPECIFIC AREA OF THE BODY.

6)INHALATION - DRAW IN BY BREATHING

7)TRANSDERMAL - ABSORBS THROUGH THE SKIN

ENTERNAL - TUBE FEEDINGS
What are the Rationale for Administration of Medications?
1)CURE ILLNESS/TREAT DISEASE

2)RELIEVE SYMPTOMS OF ILLNESS(PALLIATIVE CARE)

3)AID IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF ILLNESS

4)REPLACE BODY FLUIDS

5)PREVENT ILLNESS

6)MAINTAIN QUALITY OF LIFE

PALLIATIVE CARE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THE LONG TERM CARE RESIDENTS. PALLIATIVE CARE SERVES TO RELIEVE OR ALLIEVIATE SYMPTOMS WITHOUT PROVIDING A CURE...
How many types of Medications are there?
3 TYPES OF MEDICATION
What are the types of Medications?
1)SCHEDULED (CONTROLLED) MEDICATIONS, MEDICATION THAT MAY BE ADDICTIVE AND WHICH MUST BE COUNTED AND SECURED

2)LEGEND MEDICATIONS, MEDICATIONS THAT CAN ONLY BE OBTAINED WITH A PRESCRIPTION FILLED BY A LICENSED PHARMACIST.

3)NON-LEGEND MEDICATIONS, "OVER THE COUNTER" MEDICATION.
What are the Six Rights of Medication Administration?
1)RIGHT MEDICATION
2)RIGHT DOSE
3)RIGHT RESIDENT
4)RIGHT ROUTE OR METHOD
5)RIGHT TIME
6)RIGHT DOCUMENTATION
Who are the Persons Involved in Residents Medication Therapy?
1)PHYSICIAN/NURSE PRACTITIONER
2)PHARMACIST
3)RN & LPN
4)QMA
5)RESIDENT OR RESIDENT'S REPRESENTATIVE.
What is the Physician/Nurse Practitioner duty's?
1)DIAGNOSES ILLNESS
2)ORDERS MEDICATION TO BE ADMINISTERED

A)TYPE OF MEDICATION
B)AMOUNT OF MEDICATION
C)FORM OF MEDICATION
D)TIME AND FREQUENCY OF ADMINISTRATION.
What is the Pharmacist duty?
1)FILLS PRESCRIPTIONS
2)MONITORS FOR MEDICATION INTERACTIONS.
What is the RN & LPN duty?
1)RECEIVES ORDERS FROM PHYSICIAN
2)TRANSCRIBES ORDERS ON MAR
3)PREPARES MEDICATION FOR ADMINISTRATION, ADMINISTERS, DOCUMENTS, AND OBSERVES RESIDENT RESPONSE.
WHat is the QMA duty?
1)PREPARES MEDICATIONS FOR ADMINISTRATION
2)ADMINISTERS MEDICATION AND DOCUMENTS ADMINISTRATION
3)OBSERVES, DOCUMENTS, AND REPORTS TO THE LICENSED NURSE REACTIONS TO MEDICATION
What is the Resident's or Resident's Representatives's duty?
1)TO BE INFORMED OF TREATMENT REGIMEN AND CHANGES MADE THEREWITH.
How must a Resident be Treated as a Individual?
1)BE KNOWLEDGEABLE OF EACH RESIDENT AND HIS/HER MEDICATION AND TREATMENT ORDERS

2)BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY EACH RESIDENT IN ANY SETTING IN THE FACILITY.

3)LEARN EACH RESIDENT'S NORMAL BEHAVIOR AND BE ABLE TO RECOGNIZE CHANGES IN THE RESIDENT THAT MAY BE A RESULT OF MEDICATION.
What are Problems in Medication Administration for the resident or resident's family members?
1)MEDICATION AVAILABLITY
2)MEDICATION AFFORDABILITY
3)SELF-MEDICATING ALTHOUGH DEEMED UNSAFE TO DO SO
4)ATTITUDES TOWARD MEDICATION
5)ADVERSE REACTIONS TO MEDICATION
6)RESIDENT'S RIGHT TO REFUSE MEDICATIONS.
What Resources are for Medication Information?
1)PHYSICIAN'S DESK REFERENCE (PDR)
2)NURSE DRUG REFERENCE

RESOURCES ARE UPDATED YEARLY.