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213 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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abdomin/o
abdomen


Ex: abdominal
acr/o
extremities


Ex: acromegaly
aden/o
gland


Ex: adenocarcinoma
adenoid/o
adenoids


Ex: adenoidectomy
adip/o
fat


Ex: adipose
aer/o
air


Ex: aerobic
alb/o
white


Ex: albino
albumin/o
albumin (water-soluble protein)


Ex: albuminemia
amni/o
amnion (a thin, tough, membranous sac that encloses the embryo or fetus of a mammal)


Ex: amniotic
amyl/o
starch


Ex: amylase
angi/o
vessel


Ex: angiogram
ankyl/o
crooked or fused


Ex: ankylosing
aort/o
aorta


Ex: aortic
appendic/o
appendix


Ex: appendicitis
anter/o
anterior/before/in front


Ex: anterolateral
arteri/o
artery


Ex: arteriovenous
arthr/o
joint


Ex: arthroplasty
articul/o
joint


Ex: articulation
atel/o
imperfect


Ex: atelectasis
ather/o
yellow, fatty plaque


Ex: atheroma
append/o
appendix


Ex: appendicitis
aur/i
ear


Ex: auricle
bil/i
bile


Ex: biliary
blast/o
embryonic form


Ex: blastoma
blephar/o
eyelid


Ex: blepharitis
brachi/o
arm


Ex: brachiocephalic
brachy
short


Ex: brachyesophagus
bronch/o
windpipe


Ex: bronchospasm, bronchoscope
bronchi/o
windpipe


Ex: bronchiolitis
bucc/o
cheek


Ex: buccal
burs/o
bursa (fluid-filled sac)


Ex: bursectomy, bursotomy
calc/i
calcium


Ex: calcification
calcane/o
heel


Ex: calcaneocuboid
carcin/o
cancer


Ex: carcinoma
cardi/o
heart


Ex: cardiomyopathy
carp/o
carpus/wrist


Ex: carpometacarpal
caud/o
tail


Ex: caudal, caudectomy, caudocephalad
cec/o
cecum (the large blind pouch forming the beginning of the large intestine...also called "blind gut")

Ex: cecal
cephal/o
head


Ex: cephalad
cerebr/o
brain


Ex: cerebral
cervic/o
neck


Ex: cervicothoracic
chlor/o
green


Ex: chlorophyll
chol/e
bile

Ex: cholecystectomy, choleic, cholestasis

NOTE: Although chol/e means bile, its most common usage is in the terms related to cholecyst/o, which means gallbladder.
cholecyst/o
gallbladder


Ex: cholecystitis
chondr/o
cartilage


Ex: chondrocalcinosis
chori/o
fetal covering


Ex: chorioamnionitis
clavicul/o
clavicle


Ex: acromioclavicular
coccyg/o
coccyx


Ex: coccygeal
col/o
colon


Ex: colonoscopy
colp/o
hollow/vagina


Ex: colporrhaphy
cost/o
rib


Ex: costovertebral
crani/o
cranium/skull


Ex: craniocervical
cry/o
cold


Ex: cryotherapy
crypt/o
hide, conceal


Ex: cryptogenic
cutane/o
skin


Ex: subcutaneous
cyan/o
blue


Ex: cyanosis
cyst/o
cyst, bladder


Ex: cystitis
cyt/o
cell


Ex: plasmacytoma
dactyl/o
finger, toe


Ex: hexadactylism
dent/i
teeth


Ex: dental
dent/o
teeth


Ex: dentoid, dentofacial
derm/a
skin


Ex: dermabrasion
dermat/o
skin


Ex: dermatitis
dextr/o
right


Ex: dextroscoliosis
dips/o
thirst


Ex: polydipsia
disc/o
disc/disk


Ex: discogenic
dist/o
far/distant from origin


Ex: distally
dors/o
directed toward the back/on the back


Ex: dorsal
duoden/o
duodenum (part of the small intestine)


Ex: duodenal
ech/o
sound


Ex: echogram
electr/o
electricity


Ex: electrodermal
encephal/o
brain


Ex: encephalomalacia
enter/o
intestine


Ex: enterocolitis
erythr/o
red


Ex: erythrocyte
esophag/o
esophagus


Ex: esophageal
esthesi/o
feeling


Ex: anesthesia
femor/o
femur


Ex: femoral
fet/o
fetus


Ex: fetal
fibr/o
fiber


Ex: fibroma
fibul/o
fibula


Ex: fibulotibial
front/o
forehead/front


Ex: frontalis
galact/o
milk


Ex: galactorrhea
gastr/o
stomach


Ex: gastrectomy
genit/o
genitals


Ex: genitourinary
ger/o
old


Ex: geriatrics
glomerul/o
glomerulus (a cluster of vessels or nerves)


Ex: glomerulonephritis
gloss/o
tongue


Ex: glossotonsillar
glyc/o
sugar/sweet


Ex: hyperglycemia
gnath/o
jaw


Ex: gnathodynia
granul/o
grain/particle


Ex: granulocyte
gynec/o
female


Ex: gynecology
hem/a
blood


Ex: hemacyte
hem/o
blood


Ex: hemoglobin
hemat/o
blood


Ex: hematochezia
hepat/o
liver


Ex: hepatomegaly, hepatocellular (pertaining to or affecting liver cells)
hist/o
tissue


Ex: histoplasmosis
hom/o
common/same


Ex: homogeneous
humer/o
humerus


Ex: humeral
hydr/o
water


Ex: hydrometer
hyster/o
uterus/womb


Ex: hysterosalpingogram
ile/o
ileum (small intestine)


Ex: ileocecal
ili/o
ilium (hip bone)


Ex: sacroiliac
immun/o
immune


Ex: immunodeficiency
infer/o
lowermost/below


Ex: inferior
intestin/o
intestine


Ex: gastrointestinal
irid/o
colored circle/iris


Ex: iridectomy
ischi/o
ischium (hip)


Ex: ischiodynia
jejun/o
jejunum


Ex: jejunostomy
labi/o
lip


Ex: labial
lacrim/o
tear/crying


Ex: lacrimal
lact/o
milk


Ex: lactulose
lapar/o
flank/abdominal wall


Ex: laparoscope
laryng/o
larynx (voicebox)


Ex: laryngeal
later/o
side


Ex: anterolateral
leuc/o
white


Ex: leucopenia (reduction of white cells in the blood)
leuk/o
white


Ex: leukocyte
lingu/o
tongue


Ex: lingual
lip/o
fat


Ex: liposuction
lith/o
stone


Ex: cholelithiasis
lob/o
lobe


Ex: lobular
lumb/o
lower back


Ex: lumbosacral
lymph/o
lymph/lymphatics


Ex: lymph nodes
mamm/o
breast


Ex: mammogram
mast/o
breast


Ex: mastectomy
medi/o
middle


Ex: mediolateral
melan/o
black


Ex: melanotic
men/o
month


Ex: dysmenorrhea
mening/o
membrane


Ex: meningocele
metr/i
uterine tissue


Ex: endometritis
mon/o
one/only


Ex: monoclonal
muc/o
mucus


Ex: mucoperiosteal
muscul/o
muscle


Ex: musculotendinous
my/o
muscle


Ex: myometrium
myc/o
fungus


Ex: mycoplasma
myel/o
marrow/spinal cord


Ex: myeloma
narc/o
sleep/numbness


Ex: narcolepsy
nas/o
nose


Ex: nasopharyngeal
ne/o
new


Ex: neoblastic
necr/o
dead/corpse


Ex: necrosis
neur/o
nerve


Ex: neuritis
odont/o
teeth


Ex: odontoid
odyn/o
pain/distress


Ex: odynophagia
onc/o
bulk/tumor


Ex: oncology
oophor/o
ovary


Ex: oophorosalpingitis
ophthalm/o
eyes


Ex: ophthalmology
or/o
mouth


Ex: intraoral
orchi/o
testicle


Ex: orchiectomy
nephr/o
kidney


Ex: nephrolithiasis
orth/o
straight


Ex: orthopedic
oste/o
bone


Ex: osteopathic
ot/o
ear


Ex: otolaryngology
pancreat/o
pancreas


Ex: pancreatitis
patell/o
patella (knee cap)


Ex: patellofemoral
path/o
disease


Ex: pathologist
pelv/i
pelvis


Ex: pelvimetry
periton/o
peritoneum (a membrane that lines the abdomen)


Ex: intraperitoneal
pharmac/o
drugs/medicine


Ex: pharmacological
pharyng/o
pharynx


Ex: cricopharyngeal
phleb/o
vein


Ex: phlebolith
phon/o
sound/voice


Ex: phonation
phot/o
light


Ex: photophobia
phren/o
diaphragm/mind


Ex: costophrenic, phrenology (an obsolete doctrine having to do with mental capabilities)
pleur/o
pleura (a membrane around the lungs)


Ex: pleurodesis
poster/o
posterior/toward the back


Ex: posterolateral
pneum/o
air/breathing/lung


Ex: pneumothorax
proct/o
rectum/anus


Ex: proctitis
prostat/o
prostate


Ex: prostatectomy
proxim/o
nearest to the point of origin


Ex: proximal
pseud/o
false


Ex: pseudarthrosis
psych/o
mind


Ex: psychiatry
pub/o
pubis


Ex: pubococcygeal
pulm/o
lung


Ex: pulmoaortic
pulmon/o
lung


Ex: pulmonary
py/o
pus


Ex: pyoid
pyel/o
trough/renal pelvis


Ex: pyelogram
radi/o
radius/radiant energy


Ex: radiology
rect/o
rectum


Ex: rectal
ren/o
kidneys


Ex: renal
rhin/o
nose


Ex: rhinoplasty
sacr/o
sacrum


Ex: lumbosacral
salping/o
tube


Ex: salpingo-oophorectomy
scrot/o
scrotum


Ex: scrotal
semin/o
semen


Ex: seminal
ser/o
serum


Ex: serosanguineous (pertaining to both serum and blood)
somat/o
body


Ex: somatization
son/o
sound


Ex: sonogram
spermat/o
seed


Ex: spermatocele
sphen/o
sphenoid bone/wedge


Ex: sphenoethmoid
splen/o
spleen


Ex: hepatosplenomegaly
spondyl/o
vertebra


Ex: spondylolisthesis
stern/o
sternum


Ex: sternocleidomastoid
tars/o
ankle bone (tarsal)


Ex: metatarsal
tempor/o
temple


Ex: temporomandibular
ten/o
tendon/tight band


Ex: tenosynovitis
therm/o
heat


Ex: thermometer
thorac/o
chest (thorax)


Ex: thoracic
thromb/o
clot/lump/thrombus


Ex: thrombosis
tibi/o
tibia (the medial and larger of the two bones of the lower leg) i.e. "shin bone"


Ex: tibiotalar
tonsill/o
tonsil


Ex: tonsillectomy
tox/o
poison


Ex: toxemia
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)


Ex: tracheotomy
uln/o
ulna (medial and larger of the two bones of the forearm)


Ex: ulnoradial
ur/o
urine


Ex: polyuria
ureter/o
ureter (tube between kidney and bladder)


Ex: ureterovesical
urethr/o
urethra (canal from the bladder to outside the body)


Ex: urethritis
uter/o
uterus


Ex: uterovaginal
vag/o
vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve)


Ex: vagotomy
vas/o
vessel/ductus deferens (the sperm duct)


Ex: vasovagal/vasectomy
ven/o
vein


Ex: venotomy
ventr/o
ventral/belly side


Ex: ventral
vertebr/o
vertebra


Ex: costovertebral
vulv/o
vulva


Ex: vulvectomy
xanth/o
yellow


Ex: xanthoma