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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
applied research
research designed to solve specific, practical problems
artificial intelligence
computer models of human thought and reasoning
basic research
research designed obtain knowledge purely for its own sake
behavior genetics
the study of how behavioral tendencies are influenced by genetic factors
behavioral neuroscience
the study of brain processes and other physiological functions that underlie our behavior, sensory experiences, emotions, and thoughts
behavioral perspective
studies the role of the external enviroment in governing our actions
a school of thought that emphasizes enviromental control of behavior through learning
biological perspective
examines how brain processes and other bodily functions regulate behavior
British Empiricism
says that all ideas and knowledge are gained empirically, that is through the senses
cognitive behaviorism
purposes that learning experiences influence our thoughts and expectations, which in turn guide how we behave
cognitive neuroscience
uses sophisticated electrical recording and brain-imaging techniques to examine brain activity as people engage in mental tasks
cognitive perspective
examines how we perceive, organize, and store information in our minds and how mental processes influence behavior
individual goals are subordinated to those of the group and personal identity is defined largely by the ties that bind one to the extended family and other social groups
cultural psychology
explores how culture is transmitted to its members and examines pyschological similarities and differences that occur between people from diverse cultures
the enduring values, beliefs, behaviors, and traditions that are shared by a large group of people and passed from one generation to the next
defense mechanisms
psychological techniques that help us cope with anxiety and the pain of traumatic experiences
evolutionary pyschology
the discipline that seeks to explain how evolution shaped modern human behavior
said that pyschology should study the functions of consciousness rather than its structure
Gestalt psychology
is derived from the word meaning "whole", concerned with how elements of experience are organized into wholes
talks about the idea of free will, innate tendencies toward growth, and the attempt to find ultimate meaning in one's existence
an emphasis on personal goals and self-identity based primarily on one's own attributes and achievements
means that the way in which one factor influences behavior depends on the presence of another factor
mind-body dualism
belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical laws that govern the body
holds that mind and body are one and that the mind is not a seperate spiritual entity
natural selection
if an inherited trait gives certain members an advantage over others, these members will be more likely to survive and pass these characteristics on to their offspring
chemicals released by nerve cells that allow them to communicate with one another
rules that specify what behavior is acceptable and expected for members of that group
positive psychology movement
emphasizes the study of human strengths, fulfillment, and optimal living
the analysis of internal and primarily unconscious pyschological forces
pyschodynamic perspective
searches for the causes of behavior within the inner workings of our personality, emphasizing the role of unconscious processes and unresolved conflicts from the past
scientific study of behavior and the mind
social constructivism
maintains that what we consider "reality" is largely our own mental creation
process by which culture is transmitted to new members and internalized by them
sociocultural perspective
examines how the social environment and cultural learning influence our behavior, thoughts, and feelings
analysis of the mind in terms of its basic elements