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22 Cards in this Set

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An intelligence test for adults that yields verbal and nonverbal (performance) IQ scores
Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale, 3rd Edition (WAIS III)
The average age at which children can be expected to achieve a particular score on an intelligence test
mental age (MA)
Tests that quantify psychological attributes such as personality traits or intellectual abilities
Psychometric instruments
The ability to generate multiple possibilities in a given situation
Divergent thinking
The application of cognitive skills and knowledge to learn, solve problems, and obtain ends that are valued by an individual or culture
Intelligence
Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during childhood
Mental retardation
An intelligence test for children up to age 16 that yields verbal and nonverbal (performance) IQ scores
Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC III)
Accumulated information stored in long-term memory
knowledge base
The ability to produce valued outcomes in a novel way
creativity
Exceptionally talented
gifted
A score originally derived by dividing mental age and chronological age and multiplying by 100, but now generally established by comparing the individual's performance to norms or people his or her own age
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
An approach to the study of intelligence, personality, and psychopathology which tried to derive some kind of theoretical meaning empirically from statistical analysis of psychometric test findings
Psychometric Approach
A theory derived by Charles Spearman that holds that tow types of factors or abilities underlie intelligence
Two-factor theory of intelligence
Common elements that underlie performance across a set of tasks
factors
Intellectual capacities that have no specific content but are used in processing information
fluid intelligence
A hierarchical model of intelligence that argues for the presence of two overarching types of intelligence - fluid intelligence and crystal intelligence, as well as more specific intellectual skills, such as short-term memory
Gf-Gc theory
The general intelligence factor that emerges through factor analysis of IQ tests
G-factor
A statistical technique for identifying common factors that underlie performance on a wide variety of measures
factor analysis
A measure designed to assess an individual's level of cognitive capabilities compared to other people in a population
intelligence tests
Howard Gardner's theory of seven intelligence used to solve problems or produce culturally significant products
theory of multiple intelligences
People's store of knowledge
crystalized intelligence
Specific cognitive abilities
S-factors